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Annual report of the Court of Justice of the European Union 2020
The annual report of the Court of Justice of the European Union is divided into two parts, entitled Judicial activity and Management report. The Court of Justice of the European Union also publishes The year in review, which is a summary of the annual report.

Annual Report on Taxation 2021 - Review of taxation policies in the EU Member States
This report describes and assesses progress by EU Member States in bringing their tax policies in line with the EU’s main tax priorities to: foster innovation and productivity, thus supporting an EU economy that is fit for the digital and global challenges; pave the way for environmental sustainability and good public health, thus contributing to climate-neutral and more resilient economies; fight tax fraud, evasion and abuse, thus ensuring that everybody pays their fair share; and contribute to social fairness and prosperity, thus ensuring an economy that works for people and addresses their needs. With those priorities in mind, this report identifies relevant indicators and potential improvements of tax systems in terms of tax design, implementation and compliance. The report finds that taxation can play a key role in supporting Europe’s recovery. The COVID-19 pandemic has created a severe crisis in Europe and the world. Citizens face an increased risk of poverty, our public health systems have been put under stress, many companies are over-leveraged, and tax revenue is likely to decrease in the coming years due to the pandemic. Member States should take the recovery as an opportunity to reform their fiscal framework and to address challenges brought by climate change, environmental degradation, ageing of population, digitalisation and globalisation. A well-designed tax policy response can help to increase fairness and generate much needed and sustainable revenue to recover from this crisis. It can also help foster innovation and productivity to improve the resilience of our economies and restore a more solid capital structure. By evaluating European tax policies in the light of the European Commission’s priorities of investment, environmental sustainability, the fight against tax abuse, tax certainty and fair taxation, this report informs the reader about certain aspects of taxation under the Recovery and Resilience Facility, which is at the centre of the NextGenerationEU instrument. The Annual Report on Taxation 2021 examines how EU Member States' tax systems help to achieve the EU Commission’s priorities, most notably: ensuring that the digital transition works for all; developing, modern, resource-efficient economies that are climateneutral; creating a more attractive investment environment; and simulating growth that helps to reduce poverty and inequality.

Living and working in Europe 2020
The enormity of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the lives and work of Europeans is hard to capture, but Eurofound's priority in 2020 was to record and assess the experience of this societal upheaval across the EU Member States in all its detail, variety and modulation. Living and working in Europe 2020 provides a snapshot of how the COVID-19 confinement measures changed employment, work and quality of life in Europe, as gathered by Eurofound's research activities in 2020. This yearbook also summarises the Agency's findings regarding developments in other aspects of social and economic life – including workplace practices, social dialogue, gender equality and access to public services – that will have a significant bearing on how quickly Europe recovers from the pandemic and a successful transition to a green and digital future. The findings on working and living conditions produced by Eurofound in the course of its work provide a bedrock of evidence for input into social policymaking.

Combating Unsafe Products: How to Improve Europe's Safety Gate Alerts
The European Union has built a one-stop-shop for its member state regulators to post product safety notifications - Safety Gate (European Commission 2021d). Constructed on top of the Rapid Alert System for Dangerous Non-Food Products, or RAPEX, the Safety Gate web portal is designed to make public the "quick exchange of information" between 31 European countries and the European Commission "about measures taken against dangerous non-food products."

Potential need for changes to the governance and funding of EFRAG
The report 'Potential need for changes to the governance and funding of EFRAG' proposes reforms to EFRAG's governance structure to ensure that future EU sustainability reporting standards are developed using an inclusive and rigorous process. It sets out, for example, how national and European authorities will be involved, while ensuring that the process also draws upon the expertise of the private sector and civil society.

Proposals for a relevant and dynamic EU sustainability reporting standard setting
The report 'Proposals for a relevant and dynamic EU sustainability reporting standard setting' proposes a roadmap for the development of a comprehensive set of EU sustainability reporting standards. It was prepared by a multistakeholder task force established by the European Financial Reporting Advisory Group (EFRAG).

Nature restoration - helping people, biodiversity and climate
Restoring nature on land and sea would have huge benefits for people’s health and well-being and help tackle the biodiversity and climate crises. This publication by WWF brings this to life through a collection of real-world examples.

Cumulative economic impact of trade agreements on EU agriculture
The EU trade agenda is set to have an overall positive impact on the EU economy and the agri-food sector, according to a new study published today. Trade agreements are due to result in substantial increases in EU agri-food exports, with more limited increases in imports, creating a positive trade balance overall. The study also confirms that the EU's approach to grant a limited amount of lower duty imports (through tariff rate quotas) is the best approach in terms of protecting specific vulnerable agri-food sectors in the EU.

Air quality in Europe - 2020 EEA report
The Air quality in Europe report provides an annual assessment of the status and impacts of air quality and recent air quality trends. The report supports policy development and implementation in the field of air quality at both European and national levels.

Quality of life in European cities 2020
What city is the cleanest or the safest? In which city is easy to find a job or a house? Which city has the best public transport or air quality? Answers to these questions and many more can be found in the latest Report on the Quality of life in European Cities, 2020. This report summarises the results of the 5th survey of European cities, which covers 83 cities and was carried out in 2019.

EU action to tackle the issue of plastic waste: Review No 04/2020
This review examines the EU's response to the growing problem of plastic waste with a focus on plastic packaging waste. The EU's 2018 plastics strategy proposes measures aiming to improve recyclability, collection, sorting, recycling and recycled content of plastic products. The revised Packaging and Packaging Waste directive set new plastic packaging recycling targets for 2025 (50 %) and 2030 (55 %). New stricter reporting rules will likely lead the EU's reported average plastic packaging recycling rate to drop. Even for plastic packaging, the most developed arm of the plastics strategy, concerted action by stakeholders at EU and Member State level will be required to bridge the considerable gap between the current recycling rate and where we need to be in only 5 to 10 years' time.

European Drug Report 2020: Trends and Developments
This report provides a comprehensive analysis of patterns emerging across Europe in the areas of drug supply, illicit drug use and associated public health problems. National data sets are also provided across these themes and on key harm-reduction interventions.

Healthy environment, healthy lives: how the environment influences health and well-being in Europe
A significant proportion of the burden of disease in Europe continues to be attributed to environmental pollution resulting from human activity. This report highlights how the quality of Europe's environment plays a key role in determining our health and well-being.

Report on EU Competition Policy 2019
The European Commission published on 9 July the Report on Competition Policy for 2019, presenting its most important policy and legislative initiatives, as well as key decisions adopted last year. In 2019, the Commission's competition policy and enforcement actions continued to target anticompetitive conduct and measures in markets of particular relevance for citizens and businesses in the EU, such as the telecommunications and digital sectors, energy and environment, financial services, taxation, agriculture and food, manufacturing and transport.

Trade and Investment Barriers Report 2019
Thanks to the European Union's successful intervention, European companies generated EUR 8 billion in additional exports in 2019. The high number of new restrictions that hinder EU exports shows however that protectionism has become deeply ingrained in global trade. These are some of the findings of the Commission's annual Trade and Investment Barriers Report published on 18 June.

European bathing water quality in 2019
Bathing is an extremely popular and important leisure activity in Europe. This annual assessment of European bathing sites shows how well environmental protection measures are implemented, allowing people to make informed decisions on where to go to best enjoy Europe’s inland and coastal bathing sites.

The EU in 2019 - General report on the activities of the European Union
Find out everything you need to know about the European Union’s achievements in 2019. The General Report on the Activities of the European Union brings you up to date on how the EU delivered on the 10 priorities set by the Juncker Commission. As well as the results of the European elections, find out about the changes at the top of the EU institutions, including the first actions of the new European Commission, which took office in December. You can find information on these and many more issues in The EU in 2019.

2019 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard
The 2019 edition of the EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard (the Scoreboard) comprises the 2500 companies investing the largest sums in R&D in the world in 2018/19. These companies, based in 44 countries, each invested over €30 million in R&D for a total of €823.4bn which is approximately 90% of the world’s business-funded R&D. They include 551 EU companies accounting for 25% of the total, 769 US companies for 38%, 318 Japanese companies for 13%, 507 Chinese for 12% and 355 from the rest-of-the-world (RoW) for 12%. This report analyses the main changes in companies' R&D and economic indicators over the past year and their performance over the past ten years. It also includes patent-based analyses aimed at characterising further the R&D efficiency of the business health sector and the activity of the Scoreboard companies in the field of environmental technologies.

The European environment - state and outlook 2020: knowledge for transition to a sustainable Europe
Europe will not achieve its 2030 goals without urgent action during the next 10 years to address the alarming rate of biodiversity loss, increasing impacts of climate change and the overconsumption of natural resources. The European Environment Agency's (EEA) latest 'State of the Environment' report states that Europe faces environmental challenges of unprecedented scale and urgency.

Special report No 21/2019: Addressing antimicrobial resistance: progress in the animal sector, but this health threat remains a challenge for the EU
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing threat to global health. The EU follows a "One Health" approach to the problem, considering veterinary, human health, and environmental issues. We examined how the Commission and relevant EU agencies managed their support to Member States and the EU funded research aimed at fighting antimicrobial resistance. We concluded that the activities of the Commission and agencies led to some progress. However, there is little evidence that the health burden of AMR has reduced. We make recommendations to improve the Commission's response to AMR through better support to Member State national action plans; promoting better monitoring and the prudent use of antimicrobials; and strengthening strategies for boosting research.

Challenges and prospects in the EU: Quality of life and public services
What have been the major developments in quality of life and public services in Europe in recent years, as captured by research into these areas in Eurofound’s work programme for 2017–2020? This flagship publication provides a synthesis of the main findings on several key topics, based, in part, on European Quality of Life Survey data. It maps developments and perceptions regarding the following: trust in institutions and social cohesion; access to and quality of health and care services; the impact of digitalisation on social services; access to services for young people; and measures aimed at integrating refugees. While the report highlights many challenges and emerging issues for public services, it also showcases a number of positive experiences with the involvement of client groups in the design of services and take-up of new technologies.

Blockchain now and tomorrow: Assessing multidimensional impacts of distributed ledger technologies
Blockchain can enable parties with no particular trust in each other to exchange digital data on a peer-to-peer basis with fewer or no third parties or intermediaries. Data could correspond, for instance, to money, insurance policies, contracts, land titles, medical and educational records, birth and marriage certificates, buying and selling goods and services, or any transaction or asset that can be translated into a digital form. The potential of blockchain to engender wide-ranging changes in the economy, industry and society – both now and tomorrow – is currently being explored across sectors and by a variety of organisations. This report provides multidimensional insights into the state of blockchain technology by identifying ongoing and upcoming transformations in a range of sectors and setting out an anticipatory approach for further exploration. Moving beyond the hype and debunking some of its controversies, we aim to offer both an in-depth and practical understanding of blockchain and its possible applications.

Education and Training Monitor EU analysis, volume 1 2019
Published as a European Commission Staff Working Document, the Education and Training Monitor presents a yearly evaluation of education and training system across Europe. The report brings together the latest data, technical reports and studies, as well as examples of policy measures from different EU countries. Volume 1 offers a cross-national and thematic analysis. Volume 2 consists of 28 individual country reports.

Intellectual property rights intensive industries and economic performance in the European Union
This joint study by the EPO and the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) analyses the contribution of IPR-intensive sectors to the EU economy. Third edition (September 2019) It covers all major IP rights (patents, trade marks, designs, copyright, geographical indications and plant varieties), identifies which industries make above-average use of them and quantifies the contribution of these IPR-intensive industries to major macro-economic variables (employment, wages, GDP, and trade) from across the EU as well as from Switzerland, Norway and Iceland. The study provides comprehensive and robust data, as well as a solid evidence base for policymakers.

European Prevention Curriculum: a handbook for decision-makers, opinion-makers and policy-makers in science-based prevention of substance use
This handbook has been developed with the primary purpose of providing specific reference material for the European Prevention Curriculum (EUPC) training courses. It also serves to provide a more general introduction to prevention science and, in particular, to science-based interventions. The training curriculum has been developed by a European project entitled UPC-Adapt, which was co-funded by the European Commission.

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Libcast’s Online Video Platform in the limelight at BETT 2015
Libcast of France will be showcasing its Online Video Platform at BETT 2015 in London, in January. The specialist company’s innovative and versatile solution enables users to host, manage and broadcast lectures live or in streaming mode. With 200,000 users, Libcast’s technology has already been chosen by many universities and schools, including leading colleges in France and Norway.

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