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Guides on the Competition policy in the EU.
Amazon's tax structure in Europe by EUbusiness — last modified 04 October 2017, 22:45 CET
The European Commission concluded on 4 October 2017 that Luxembourg granted undue tax benefits to Amazon of around €250 million. This is illegal under EU State aid rules because it allowed Amazon to pay substantially less tax than other businesses. Luxembourg must now recover the illegal aid.
Antitrust: Google's record EUR 2.4 bn fine by EUbusiness — last modified 27 June 2017, 16:45 CET
The European Commission fined Google EUR 2.42 billion on 27 June 2017 for breaching EU antitrust rules. Google, it said, had abused its market dominance as a search engine by giving an illegal advantage to another Google product, its comparison shopping service.
Widening scope of General Block Exemption Regulation by EUbusiness — last modified 17 May 2017, 22:38 CET
The European Commission widened the scope of the General Block Exemption Regulation on 17 May 2017. The new rules exempt, for the first time, support measures for ports and airports and give Member States more flexibility to support culture, multi-functional sports arenas and businesses in the EU's outermost regions, without having to seek prior Commission approval.
2016 State Aid Scoreboard by EUbusiness — last modified 15 March 2017, 23:15 CET
The 2016 State Aid Scoreboard, published today by the European Commission, shows the benefits of the State Aid Modernisation package taking place. Around 95% of new implemented aid measures fell under the new General Block Exemption Regulation and could be implemented without prior Commission approval.
Statement of Objections to Google on Android operating system and applications - Factsheet by EUbusiness — last modified 20 April 2016, 16:27 CET
The European Commission informed Google on 20 April of its preliminary view that the company has, in breach of EU antitrust rules, abused its dominant position by imposing restrictions on Android device manufacturers and mobile network operators. The Commission's preliminary view is outlined in a Statement of Objections addressed to Google. It is also addressed to Alphabet, as it is standard practice for objections to also be addressed to the relevant parent company. This Factsheet summarises key elements of the Commission's preliminary view set out in the Statement of Objections. Sending a Statement of Objections does not prejudge the outcome of the investigation. Please also see press release.
Report on functioning of Insurance Block Exemption Regulation by EUbusiness — last modified 17 March 2016, 12:36 CET
The European Commission has published a report focusing on the functioning of the Insurance Block Exemption Regulation, which exempts certain types of cooperation in the insurance sector from EU antitrust rules under certain conditions.
Commission investigation into acquisition of oilfield service provider Baker Hughes by Halliburton by EUbusiness — last modified 13 January 2016, 13:21 CET
The European Commission opened pm 12 January an in-depth investigation to assess whether the proposed acquisition of oilfield service supplier Baker Hughes by rival Halliburton would impede effective competition in breach of the EU Merger Regulation. Both companies are US-based.
Mergers and Acquisitions in Turkey by Herdem Gültekin — last modified 29 July 2015, 11:35 CET
Mergers and Acquisitions (“M&A”) is defined as the combining of two or more companies or buying-selling or dividing of two or more companies as a part of corporate finance in order to grow rapidly in business field of activity.
MasterCard: Statement of Objections on cross-border rules and inter-regional interchange fees by EUbusiness — last modified 09 July 2015, 13:44 CET
The European Commission sent on 9 July a Statement of Objections to MasterCard. The Statement of Objections outlines the Commission's preliminary view that MasterCard's rules prevent banks from offering lower interchange fees to retailers based in another Member State of the European Economic Area (EEA), where interchange fees may be higher.
Antitrust: formal Commission investigation into Amazon e-book distribution arrangements by EUbusiness — last modified 11 June 2015, 16:24 CET
The European Commission has opened a formal antitrust investigation into certain business practices by Amazon in the distribution of electronic books ("e-books").
Commission sector inquiry into mechanisms to ensure electricity supplies by EUbusiness — last modified 29 April 2015, 19:20 CET
The European Commission has launched a state aid sector inquiry into national measures to ensure that adequate capacity to produce electricity is available at all times to avoid black-outs (so-called "capacity mechanisms").
Commission approval for German offshore wind farms by EUbusiness — last modified 16 April 2015, 15:46 CET
The European Commission has found that German plans to support the building of 20 offshore wind farms are in line with EU state aid rules.
EU investigation against Google in relation to Android mobile operating system by EUbusiness — last modified 15 April 2015, 13:37 CET
The European Commission has opened formal proceedings against Google to investigate in-depth if the company’s conduct in relation to its Android mobile operating system as well as applications and services for smartphones and tablets has breached EU antitrust rules.
Telecoms: Recommendation on relevant markets by EUbusiness — last modified 09 October 2014, 14:37 CET
The European Commission – in agreement with Member States - decided on 9 October that two telecom markets should no longer be subject to regulation in Europe, and that two more should be redefined to reflect market and technology developments. The rules take effect immediately.
Revised guidelines for supporting firms in difficulty by EUbusiness — last modified 09 July 2014, 23:53 CET
The European Commission has revised its rules for assessing Member States' support measures to rescue and restructure companies in difficulty. The new guidelines aim to ensure that public funding is channelled where it is needed most and that investors in failing firms carry their fair share of the costs of restructuring, rather than leaving the burden to taxpayers. The rules adopted apply only to non-financial firms in difficulty; a separate set of rules is in place for banks and other financial institutions. The new guidelines will enter into force on 1 August 2014.
EU merger control rules improvements by EUbusiness — last modified 09 July 2014, 18:33 CET
The European Commission has launched a public consultation on proposals to improve merger control at EU level outlined in a White Paper.
Enforcement of EU competition rules by EUbusiness — last modified 09 July 2014, 18:29 CET
The European Commission has adopted a Communication identifying areas for action to enhance the enforcement of EU antitrust rules by national competition authorities (NCAs). Since 2004, both the Commission and NCAs have the power to fully enforce the EU's antitrust rules. Based on ten years of experience, the Commission aims to further strengthen the position and tools of the NCAs. The Communication adopted today sets out priority areas where further progress is necessary. The Commission will then assess which policy initiatives should be taken to best achieve these goals.
Broadband state aid rules explained - handbook for decision-makers by EUbusiness — last modified 08 May 2014, 19:19 CET
The European Commission has published new guidance to help governments invest in broadband. The handbook is useful for any public authority investing in broadband or looking at co-funding projects with EU structural and investment funds (ESIF).
Annual Report on Competition Policy 2013 by EUbusiness — last modified 08 May 2014, 11:34 CET
The European Commission's 2013 report on competition policy shows that competition enforcement helps promoting growth and competitiveness across the EU.
Energy and Environmental State aid Guidelines by EUbusiness — last modified 09 April 2014, 21:35 CET
The European Commission has adopted new rules on public support for projects in the field of environmental protection and energy. The guidelines will support Member States in reaching their 2020 climate targets, while addressing the market distortions that may result from subsidies granted to renewable energy sources. To this end, the guidelines promote a gradual move to market-based support for renewable energy. They also provide criteria on how Member States can relieve energy intensive companies that are particularly exposed to international competition from charges levied for the support of renewables. Furthermore, the guidelines include new provisions on aid to energy infrastructure and generation capacity to strengthen the internal energy market and ensure security of supply.