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European Agenda on Migration new measures

02 March 2017
by eub2 -- last modified 03 March 2017

The EU Commission presented on 2 March a renewed EU Action Plan on Return and a set of recommendations to Member States on how to make return procedures more effective. The measures focus on closing loopholes and applying the existing rules with the rigour and realism required to ensure they deliver in practice in line with fundamental rights requirements.


Despite the progress on the implementation of the actions under the 2015 EU Action Plan on Return, the Commission says more resolute action to substantially improve return rates is still needed. The current migratory challenges demand a thorough assessment of how Member States can use the EU's existing legal, operational and financial instruments on return better. Faster procedures, stronger measures against absconding, a multidisciplinary approach by national authorities and better cooperation and coordination between Member States can all help to ensure a more effective return policy without diminishing fundamental rights safeguards.

A set of concrete recommendations to Member States

The Commission is providing clear guidance about concrete and immediate actions Member States can take to make return procedures more effective when implementing the EU's legislation on returns. The Commission recommendations are fully in line with international and human rights and the principle of non-refoulement.

The Commission notably recommends that Member States:

  • Improve the coordination among all the services and authorities involved in the return process in each Member State by June 2017 to ensure that all skills and expertise required are available for effective returns while respecting the rights of the returnees;
  • Remove inefficiencies by shortening deadlines for appeals, systematically issuing return decisions that do not have an expiry date and combining decisions on the ending of a legal stay with the issuance of a return decision to avoid duplicate work;
  • Tackle abuses of the system by making use of the possibility to assess asylum claims in accelerated or, where considered appropriate, border procedures when it is suspected asylum claims are made merely to delay the enforcement of a return decision;
  • Prevent absconding by detaining people who have received a return decision and who show signs they will not comply such as refusal to cooperate in the identification process or opposing a return operation violently or fraudulently;
  • Increase the effectiveness of return procedures and decisions by only granting voluntary departure if necessary and if a request is made and giving the shortest possible periods for voluntary departure, taking into account individual circumstances;
  • Set up operational assisted voluntary return programmes by 1 June 2017 and ensure proper dissemination of information on voluntary return and assisted voluntary return and reintegration programmes.

A renewed Action Plan on Return

The renewed Action Plan on Return sets out steps at each stage of the return process to tackle key challenges for return both at EU level and in the cooperation with countries of origin and transit.

Actions proposed at EU level include:

  • Increased financial support to Member States with €200 million in 2017 for national return efforts as well as for specific joint European return and reintegration activities;
  • Improving information exchange to enforce return by collecting real time information at national level and sharing it using the existing Integrated Return Management Application, as well as speeding up work on adopting the proposals to reform the Schengen Information System and Eurodac and to establish an EU Entry-Exit System (EES) and a European Travel Information System (ETIAS);
  • Exchanging best practices to ensure reintegration packages are consistent and coherent among all Member States to avoid countries of origin favouring returns from countries offering higher reintegration packages or assisted-voluntary return-shopping by irregular migrants;
  • Offering full support to Member States by the European Border and Coast Guard Agency with the Agency called on to step up pre-return assistance, increase its return support unit staff and set up a commercial flight mechanism for financing returns by June, as well as step up the training of third country authorities on return by October;
  • Overcoming the challenges of readmission by working to swiftly conclude the negotiations of Readmission Agreements with Nigeria, Tunisia and Jordan and striving to engage with Morocco and Algeria.
  • Within the Partnership Framework, employ collective leverage in a coordinated and effective manner through tailor-made approaches with third countries to jointly manage migration and further improve cooperation on return and readmission. (see also today's report on the implementation of the Partnership Framework: IP/17/402).

The Commission will report on progress made in implementing the renewed Action Plan on Return and the Recommendation by December 2017.

Further Information

Questions and Answers: State of Play of Return and Readmission

Recommendation: Making returns more effective

Communication: Action Plan on Return

Annex to the Action Plan on Return

Press release: Commission calls for renewed efforts in implementing solidarity measures under the European Agenda on Migration

Source: European Commission