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Guides on the EU Transport policy.
Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T): new EC funding proposals by EUbusiness — last modified 21 November 2007, 19:10 CET
The European Commission has tabled its proposals for funding TEN-T projects for the period 2007-2013. In selecting the projects, the Commission has given priority to cross-border projects and environmentally friendly modes such as inland waterways and rail. Following the publication of four calls for proposals, the Commission received 221 project proposals. The support requested (more than EUR 11.5 billion) largely exceeded the available Community budget of EUR 5.1 billion.
Airline ticket selling websites - guide by EUbusiness — last modified 14 November 2007, 15:33 CET
The European Commission on 14 November 2007 announced the results of an EU wide investigation - involving 15 EU national authorities as well as Norway – against misleading advertising and unfair practices on airline ticket selling websites. The clampdown covers Europe's leading airlines, low cost carriers as well as other websites selling airline tickets. The results of the inquiry show that over 50% of all websites showed irregularities, in particular relating to price indications, contract terms and clarity of proposed conditions. In the week of 24-28 September, in the first ever EU joint enforcement action on consumer rights (co-ordinated by the European Commission), national enforcement authorities in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and also Norway scrutinised over 400 web sites to check their compliance with EU consumer law. This sweep check is followed by an enforcement phase when companies are contacted by authorities and asked to correct websites or clarify their position. EU Consumer Commissioner Meglena Kuneva warned that she is giving companies four months to respond. As well as facing possible legal action, she will not hesitate to name and shame companies who fail to take action to bring sites in line with EU law once that deadline expires.
Freight transport in Europe by EUbusiness — last modified 18 October 2007, 16:42 CET
The European Commission on 18 October 2007 adopted a series of initiatives aimed at making freight transport in the EU more efficient and sustainable. This new package of measures consists of proposals concerning logistics, a rail network giving priority to freight, and European ports, as well as two documents on the barrier-free European maritime transport area and the motorways of the sea. The simultaneous adoption of all these measures gives a strong signal demonstrating the close links between logistics and the various modes of transport. The common objective of these initiatives is to promote innovative infrastructure technologies and practices, develop means of transport, improve freight management, facilitate the construction of freight transport chains, simplify administrative procedures and enhance quality throughout the logistic chain.
Revision of the EU Financial Framework 2007-2013 - Q&A by EUbusiness — last modified 19 September 2007, 15:03 CET
The European Commission on 19 September adopted a Communication to ensure that the European satellite radionavigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo) continue, together with an amended Regulation on the funding of the programmes. The proposal provides for the deployment phase of Galileo to be funded entirely from the Community budget to ensure that the project continues.
Antitrust: Draft Guidelines for maritime transport - frequently asked questions by EUbusiness — last modified 13 September 2007, 22:35 CET
The European Commission on 13 September 2007 launched a public consultation on draft Guidelines on the application of EU competition rules to the maritime transport sector. The consultation is an interim step in the preparation of the Guidelines, due to be finalised in 2008. The draft Guidelines follow the repeal of the block exemption for liner shipping conferences and the extension of the scope of the competition implementing rules to cabotage and tramp shipping services (Regulation 1/2003) decided by the Competitiveness Council on 25th September 2006.
Confiscation of duty free liquids at EU airports - guide by EUbusiness — last modified 31 July 2007, 12:48 CET
The European Commission adopted on 31 July 2007 a regulation to address the disruption faced by air passengers who arrive from third countries carrying duty free liquids bought abroad and who wish to transfer at an EU airport. At present, any quantity of liquid bought outside the EU that is greater than the limited amounts currently permitted in hand-baggage must be abandoned at the EU airport since there is no way of checking that it has been subject to similar security standards as liquids on sale in EU airports. The Regulation will allow the Commission to verify whether equivalent standards are applied in a third country and whether the overall standard of aviation security is satisfactory, thereby allowing liquids bought in duty free shops there to be allowed on aircraft in the EU. This will allow transit passengers arriving from these countries to carry their purchases onto their internal EU flight.
Access to air transport for persons with reduced mobility - guide by EUbusiness — last modified 25 July 2007, 16:07 CET
On 26 July 2007 new rules enter into force to offer disabled and elderly people access to air transport which is comparable to that of any other passengers flying from airports in the European Union.
State aid for airports and start-up aid to airlines - questions & answers by EUbusiness — last modified 10 July 2007, 17:47 CET
In September 2005 the European Commission adopted "Community guidelines on financing of airports and start-up aid to airlines departing from regional airports" (hereinafter the 2005 aviation guidelines). These guidelines were put in place to codify Commission practice and to take account of changes which had taken placed in the European aviation market. The 2005 guidelines reflect the jurisprudence of the "Aeroports de Paris" cases wherein the European Courts have clarified that airport management and operation activities consisting in the provision of airport services to airlines and to the various service providers within airports are economic activities. The guidelines also reflect the competitive situation of the fully liberalised air transport market in place since the completion of the third aviation liberalisation packet in the 1990s.
European Commission prohibition of Ryanair's proposed acquisition of Aer Lingus – frequently asked questions by EUbusiness — last modified 27 June 2007, 12:09 CET
The European Commission on 27 June 2007 prohibited, on the basis of the EU Merger Regulation, the proposed takeover by Ryanair of Aer Lingus. It says the acquisition would have combined the two leading airlines operating from Ireland which currently compete vigorously against each other. The Commission concluded that the merger would have harmed consumers by removing this competition and creating a monopoly or a dominant position on 35 routes operated by both parties. This would have reduced choice and, most likely, led to higher prices for more than 14 million EU passengers using these routes to and from Ireland each year. The Commission's investigation and market test of remedies offered by Ryanair demonstrated that these remedies were inadequate to remove the competition concerns. In particular the limited number of airport "slots" offered was not likely to lead to competition sufficient to replace the competitive pressure currently exercised by each airline on the other. The Commission therefore concluded that the concentration would significantly impede effective competition within the European Economic Area or a substantial part of it.
Timeshare and long-term holiday products in the EU: Questions and Answers by EUbusiness — last modified 07 June 2007, 18:03 CET
Consumers across the EU will benefit from tougher holiday protection when they buy and resell timeshare holidays, timeshare-like holidays on cruise boats, canal boats or caravans and popular "discount holiday clubs" - under new rules proposed by the European Commission today. The aim is to further boost consumer confidence in the Timeshare industry and to eliminate the rogue traders which can bring legitimate operators into disrepute and cause consumers problems.
Sanctions against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals by EUbusiness — last modified 16 May 2007, 13:49 CET
The European Commission on 16 May 2007 presented a proposal for an EU Directive to tackle the pull factor for illegal immigrants created by employers providing illegal work. The Directive on sanctions against such employers is part of a comprehensive European Migration policy which supports legal migration, fights illegal migration, builds cooperation with Third Countries and works with the development agenda. Two Communications on the external dimension of migration were also published on the same day.
Driving time and rest periods - Regulation (EC) 561/2006 by EUbusiness — last modified 13 April 2007, 00:04 CET
Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport and amending Council Regulations (EEC) No 3821/85 and (EC) No 2135/98 and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 3820/85 (Text with EEA relevance) - Declaration
EU excise duties on commercial diesel – Frequently Asked Questions by EUbusiness — last modified 13 March 2007, 19:37 CET
The new proposal is based on the fact that existing tax differentials on diesel used by trucks ("commercial gas oil") create distortions of competition within the liberalised Internal Market of the haulage sector. In addition, they lead to "fuel tourism", where truck drivers alter their routes in order to benefit from low tax rates applied in certain Member States, thereby having a negative impact on the environment. In consequence, the Commission’s proposal aims at narrowing these differentials while reducing environmental damages.
EU Tourism sector by EUbusiness — last modified 26 August 2006, 13:00 CET
Tourism relates to a wide range of areas, to name only a few: employment, regional development, education, environment, consumer protection, health, safety, new technology, transport, finance, taxation and culture.
Transport and the EU by EUbusiness — last modified 26 August 2006, 12:07 CET
Open frontiers and affordable transport have given Europeans unprecedented levels of personal mobility. Goods are shipped rapidly and efficiently from factory to customer, often in different countries. The European Union has contributed by opening national markets to competition and by removing physical and technical barriers to free movement. But the EU recognises that today's transport patterns and growth rates are unsustainable.