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Guides on the EU Trade policy.
Unsafe products in the EU - overview
If a product on the European market causes a serious risk to the health and safety of consumers, action can be taken at three different levels to eliminate the risk.
European Globalisation adjustment Fund (EGF)
The European Globalisation adjustment Fund (EGF) is a new instrument which will provide personalised support to workers who have been made redundant as a result of trade liberalisation, so that they can either remain in employment or find quickly a new job.
Restriction of Hazardous Substances EU Directive
RoHS is the acronym for Restriction of Hazardous Substances, the European Union (EU) directive (Directive 2002/95/EC) which bans new electrical and electronic equipment from being placed on the EU market if they contain more than agreed levels of certain hazardous substances.
European Code of Conduct on Arms Exports
On 11 June 1998, the Foreign Ministers of the 15 European Union Member States adopted an EU Code of Conduct on arms exports. The Code is a politically binding agreement under which Member States agree to abide by certain criteria when granting arms export licenses.
Generalised System of Preferences
The EU's generalised scheme of tariff preferences (GSP) offers lower tariffs or completely duty-free access for imports from 178 developing countries and territories into the EU market. The EU's scheme grants special benefits for the 49 least developed countries and to countries implementing certain labour or environmental standards. The EU grants the preferences without asking for concessions from the beneficiary countries. In 2002, EU imports benefiting from GSP preferences amounted to EUR 53 billion.
Development and the EU
Nearly half the money spent to help poor countries comes from the European Union and its member states, making it the world’s biggest aid donor. But development policy is about more than providing clean water and surfaced roads, important though these are. The EU also uses trade to drive development by opening its markets to exports from poor countries and by encouraging them to trade more with each other.
The EU and the United States of America
The European Union and the United States have the largest bilateral trade and investment relationship and enjoy the most integrated economic relationship in the world.
Japan and the EU
On 25 March 2013, the EU and Japan officially launched the negotiations for a Free Trade Agreement. The negotiations with Japan will address a number of EU concerns, including non-tariff barriers and the further opening of the public procurement market. The first round of negotiations is/was held in Brussels on 15-19 April 2013. In July 2012, the European Commission asked the EU Member States for their agreement to open the negotiations for a Free Trade Agreement with Japan. On that occasion, an impact assessment of the future Free Trade Agreement was released. Later that year, the Council decided to give the Commission 'the green light' to start these negotiations.
China and the EU
China and the EU, two of the biggest markets in the world, have everything to gain by deepening their commercial ties. Since 1978, EU-China trade has increased more than 60-fold and reached around EUR 210 billion in 2005 (Eurostat).
Asia and the EU
Economic relations between the EU and ASEAN and ASEM, take the form of bilateral trade ties, region-to-region partnerships, and multilateral co-operation.
Africa and the EU
The European Union has adopted a new approach to trading relations with Africa responding to the need for change through the negotiation of Economic Partnership Agreements.
External Trade in the European Union
The European Union is the world’s biggest trader, accounting for 20 per cent of global imports and exports. Free trade among its members underpinned the successful launch nearly 50 years ago of the EU. The Union is therefore a leading player in efforts to liberalise world trade for the mutual benefit of rich and poor countries alike.