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EU 1 billion euro "Food Facility" for developing countries - briefing

30 March 2009
by eub2 -- last modified 30 March 2009

The European Commission adopted on 30 March a EUR 314 million package of projects to support agriculture and improve the food security situation in 23 developing countries across the globe. This is the first financing decision in the framework of the EUR 1 billion Food Facility which was adopted at the end of last year as a response to the growing food security problems faced by many developing countries. The Commission also agreed to an overall plan for the use of the entire amount of the Facility, targeting 50 developing countries in total.


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Background:

On 18 December 2008, the European Parliament and the Council adopted a Regulation establishing the EUR 1 billion 'Food Facility', which constitutes the main EU response to the worsening global food security situation in 2007/08. Today's financing decision as well as the overall plan for the Food Facility have both also been approved by the European Parliament and all EU Member States.

Addressing the period in-between emergency aid and medium-to-longterm development cooperation, the Food Facility will operate for a period of 3 years (2009-2011). Three types of activities will be supported:

  • measures to improve access to agricultural inputs like fertilizers and seeds and services like vets and advisors;
  • other small-scale measures aiming at increasing agricultural production like microcredit, rural infrastructure, training and support to professional groups in the agricultural sector; and
  • safety net measures, allowing for social transfers to vulnerable population groups, often in the form of labour-intensive public works (roads, irrigation projects etc).

The current financing decision by the Commission provides support to projects and programmes in 23 developing countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Central African Republic, DR Congo, Cuba, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Sierra Leone, and Zimbabwe. The full text of the decision including allocations by country will be available at the link below.

All funding of the projects adopted today will be channelled through International Organisations: the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the World Food Programme (WFP), the World Bank, the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and specialised UN agencies like UNOPS (in Myanmar/Burma) and UNRWA (in Palestine).

The overall plan for the implementation of the Food Facility contains a list of 50 target countries which will receive assistance during a three year period. Support will be provided through International Organisations, Regional Organisations and national governments as well as a Call for Proposals for activities by Non-States Actors, Member States bodies and other eligible implementing actors.

The Commission Decision underlines the importance of the European Union as the worlds' principal partner in improving food security across the globe. The projects to be funded will impact positively on the lives of millions of the poorest people in Africa, Asia and Latin America.


EU Food Facility – Overview of Programming

Target Country
Indicative Allocation
(EUR million)
Afghanistan
24.2
Bangladesh
50
Benin
12.9
Bolivia
9.55
Burkina Faso
23.7
Burundi
13.4
Burma/Myanmar
24.4
Cambodia
17.2
Central African Republic
10.0
Comoros
3.6
Cuba
11.7
Democratic Republic of Congo
40.6
Eritrea
12.8
Ethiopia
45.4
Gambia
5.5
Ghana
20.9
Guatemala
15
Guinea Bissau
8.4
Guinea
13.5
Haiti
15.8
Honduras
9.9
Jamaica
5.9
Kenya
31.2
Kyrgyz Republic
7
Laos
10.8
Lesotho
6
Liberia
10.9
Madagascar
21.8
Malawi
17.9
Mali
22.1
Mauritania
7.6
Mozambique
23.2
Nepal
23.3
Nicaragua
7.15
Niger
19.2
OPT (Palestine)
39.7
Pakistan
50
Philippines
31.9
Rwanda
15.6
Sao Tomé e Principe
2.1
Senegal
14.5
Sierra Leone
16.2
Somalia
14.4
Sri Lanka
5.2
Tajikistan
15.5
Tanzania
32.4
Togo
13.7
Yemen
21.3
Zambia
16.3
Zimbabwe
15.4
Sub-Total
906.7
Regional-level measures
60.0
Reserve
13.3
Administrative Credits
20.0
TOTAL
1 billion

Source: European Commission
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