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Guides on the EU policy on Finance.
Netherlands Investment Climate 2009
The Netherlands' trade and investment policy is among the most open in the world, with combined merchandise exports and imports virtually equal to GDP. The government of the Netherlands maintains liberal policies toward foreign direct investment and adheres to OECD investment codes.
Access to finance
There are several paths to obtaining secure finance for a business in the Netherlands. The Chamber of Commerce (Kamer van Koophandel - KvK) provides an overview of these.
Access to finance
Entrepreneurs of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have access to only quite limited financial resources. To help them, France offers many sources of financial support.
Denmark: Economy Overview
Denmark's thoroughly modern market economy features a high-tech agricultural sector, state-of-the-art industry with world-leading firms in pharmaceuticals, maritime shipping and renewable energy, and a high dependence on foreign trade.
EC actions to strengthen the safety of derivatives markets - briefing
The European Commission has adopted a Communication for ensuring efficient, safe and sound derivatives markets. The Communication sets out future policy actions to increase transparency of the derivatives market, reduce counterparty and operational risk in trading and enhance market integrity and oversight. They follow the stakeholder consultation launched with the Communication in July and the public hearing in September. The Commission will come forward with legislative proposals in 2010. These proposals will be in line with the G20 Pittsburgh statement and will be accompanied by a thorough impact assessment. In order to avoid any risk of regulatory arbitrage and to ensure a global consistency of policy approaches, the Commission stands ready to work with authorities around the world when finalising the proposals.
Access to finance
An overview of the finance programmes for small and medium businesses in Denmark.
Germany Investment Climate 2009
The German government and industry actively encourage foreign investment in Germany, and German law provides foreign investors national treatment. Under German law, foreign-owned companies registered in the Federal Republic of Germany as a GmbH (limited liability company) or an AG (joint stock company) are treated no differently from German-owned companies.
Access to finance
Information about the sources of finance and business support in Germany.
Simplification of regulation on international successions - briefing
The European Commission has adopted a proposal that should considerably simplify the rules on successions with an international dimension in the European Union. The aim is to make life easier for citizens by laying down common rules enabling the competent authority and law applicable to the body of assets making up a succession, wherever they may be, to be easily identified. In addition to providing more effective guarantees for the rights of heirs, legatees and other interested parties, the proposed Regulation will take some of the stress out of succession planning by enabling people to choose the law that will govern the transmission of all their assets. The Commission is also proposing the creation of a European Certificate of Succession enabling an heir or the administrator of a succession to prove their capacity easily throughout the EU.
Access to Finance
Aside from structural funds of the European Union, companies and other entities can use subsidy programmes co-financed from the resources of the Czech state budget. These are for instance programmes for support of research and development.
Czech Republic Investment Climate 2009
The small, open, export-driven Czech economy grew by over six per cent annually from 2005-2007 and the strong growth continued throughout the first three quarters of 2008. Despite the global financial crisis, the conservative Czech financial system has remained relatively healthy. The rate of Czech economic growth, however, began to fall in the fourth quarter of 2008, mainly due to a significant drop in demand for Czech exports in Western Europe. This trend is expected to continue, with many analysts predicting Czech economic growth to completely stagnate in 2009. Both unemployment and inflation are relatively low at 6% and 3.6% respectively.
Czech Republic: Economy Overview
The Czech Republic is one of the most stable and prosperous of the post-Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. Maintaining an open investment climate has been a key element of the Czech Republic's transition from a communist, centrally planned economy to a functioning market economy.
Starting a business in the Czech Republic
Entrepreneurship in the Czech Republic is covered by a number of legal regulations. There are several forms of companies, while the most frequent form is a limited liability company, followed by a joint stock company and, finally, a public company.
Access to Finance
Ownership equity is the most common form of financing when setting up a business in Belgium. At first, it is the starting capital invested in the company by its owner. Subsequently, it can also be generated earnings that are reinvested in the company.
Belgium Investment Climate 2009
Belgium has traditionally maintained an open economy, highly dependent on imports and international trade for its well-being. Since WWII, foreign investment has played a vital role in the Belgian economy, providing technology and employment. Both the federal and the regional governments encourage foreign investment on a national treatment basis. Foreign corporations account for about one-third of the top 3,000 corporations in Belgium.
Austria Investment Climate 2009
Major structural conditions and the decisive parameters for foreign investors remain unchanged and favorable, despite the global economic downturn. As a small, open and highly internationalized economy, Austria is swayed by world developments including the current downturn: 2009 will be the first full-year recession in Austria since 1981.
Access to finance - Austria
There are various types of direct state support in Austria for the promotion of business as well as one-off subsidies, interest subsidies, low interest loans, state equity capital financing, state assumption of liabilities and state guarantees.
The Euro - Business Benefits
In addition to cutting costs and risk, the European Union's single currency benefits business by encouraging investments and bringing more certainty to business planning – thus allowing businesses to be more effective overall.
Commission proposal on temporary measures for a consistent response to carousel fraud in certain sectors - briefing
As a response to new and worrying fraud patterns reported by several EU Member States, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for an optional and temporary application of the reverse charge mechanism to supplies of certain goods and services, which will allow Member States to fight carousel fraud in a consistent manner across the European Union. The proposal notably covers greenhouse gas emission allowances that have been the object of VAT fraud during last summer. The proposal includes evaluation and reporting obligations for Member States which will allow a precise assessment of the efficiency of the measures.
Review of EU Prospectus Directive - briefing
In line with the "Better Regulation" principles, the European Commission has today put forward a proposal for the review of the Prospectus Directive. The proposal is part of simplification exercise within the Action Program of the European Commission for the Reduction of Administrative Burdens in the European Union. The proposal increases legal clarity and efficiency in the prospectus regime and reduces administrative burdens for issuers and intermediaries. It also bears in mind the importance of enhancing the level of investor protection and ensuring that the information provided is sufficient and adequate to cover the needs of retail investors. It reflects consultation with all major stakeholders. The proposal now passes to the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers for consideration.