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Justice, Freedom, Security: Law Summaries

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Summaries of EU Legislation on Justice, Freedom and Security policies.
Sanctions against the employment of illegally staying non-EU nationals
Directive 2009/52/EC targets the employment of non-EU nationals who are illegally staying in the European Union (EU), in order to counteract illegal immigration. It provides for minimum common standards on sanctions and other measures (disqualification from public benefits, etc.) and, in serious cases, criminal penalties against employers of said nationals.
Compensation to crime victims
The aim of Council Directive 2004/80/EC is to set up a system of cooperation to facilitate access to compensation for victims of crimes in cross-border situations. This system operates on the basis of Member States' compensation schemes for victims of violent intentional crime committed in their respective territories.
Entry and residence of highly qualified workers (EU Blue Card)
This directive concerns conditions of entry for highly qualified non-EU nationals. It creates a “European Blue Card” and sets out the conditions and rights of residence in the issuing as well as in other Member States.
Second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) - 1st pillar regulation
The SIS II Regulation lays down the technical aspects and the operation of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II), the conditions for issuing alerts on refusal of entry or stay for non-EU nationals, the processing of data relating to the alerts, and conditions of data access and protection. It constitutes the legislative basis for governing SIS II with respect to matters falling under Title IV of the EC Treaty (first pillar).
Schengen: legal instruments governing migration from SIS1+ to SIS II
The legal instruments governing migration from SIS 1+ to SIS II lay down the tasks and responsibilities of the European Commission and the Member States for preparing this migration, including further development and testing of SIS II.
Access of vehicle registration services to SIS II
The second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) will be a large-scale information system containing alerts on persons and objects in the EU.
The Bologna process: making higher education systems in Europe converge
The Bologna process aims inter alia to make divergent higher education systems across the European Union converge towards a more transparent system by 2010, based on three cycles: Degree/Bachelor - Master - Doctorate.
Right of EU citizens and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States
The European Union has adopted a Directive on the right of citizens of the Union to move and reside freely within the Member States, which brings together the piecemeal measures found in the complex body of legislation that has governed this matter to date.