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EU Development Policy

Latest news on the development policies of the European Union.

Effectiveness of EDF support for Regional Economic Integration in East Africa and West Africa - Special Report No 18/2009
In this report, the European Court of Auditors analyses the Commission’s approach to regional economic integration in East Africa and West Africa, its management of the support provided and the results of a sample of projects. The report contains recommendations which aim at helping the Commission to improve its approach to, and management of, regional economic integration programmes.

EU Project: Development of Rural Business
The EU assistance programme has assisted SME development mainly through advisory support for enterprise restructuring and privatisation, and for development of business support services.

EU Assistance in Albania: Activities
EU Assistance is available in all EU candidate states and potential candidates for membership. The assistance of the EU in Albania include activities in the following areas: Strengthening of public administration and judiciary, Police and public order, Customs, and Development of infrastructure, etc.

Special Report No 15/2009 "EU assistance implemented through United Nations organisations: decision-making and monitoring"
European Commission aid implemented through United Nations organisations amounts to over 1 billion euro per year. In this report the European Court of Auditors examines whether decisions to channel aid through the United Nations are the result of a transparent and objective selection process. It also examines whether monitoring and audit arrangements provide adequate information on the robustness of financial procedures and on whether funds have been used for their intended purpose.

ACP country profiles
Profiles of the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries. Most of these countries are signatories of the Lomé Convention (i.e. the 77 ACP countries), which has been replaced by the Cotonou Agreement signed in June 2000 and having come into force since 1 April 2003.

Tax and Development - briefing
European Commissioners and President of the Development Committee of the European Parliament launch debate on how to improve tax revenue collection in developing countries

Promotion of compliance with international humanitarian law: Guidelines
The European Union sets out guidelines with a view to promoting compliance with international humanitarian law in its relations with third countries.

EC website to help improve development co-operation is an interactive website aimed at improving Europe's development co-operation. It allows the development community at large to meet and exchange best practices on the European Commission's reform of how it provides know-how through training, research, consultancy or technical support. The goal of the reform is to ensure EU aid for developing countries happens faster and better. The launch coincided with the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty on Saturday 17 October 2009.

EU Development Contacts

Financing for Development
The 2002 Monterrey Consensus is the partnership between developed and developing countries to find ways of financing development that will meet the Millennium Development Goals. The EU, which provides over half of all official development assistance worldwide, made a number of commitments to achieve this consensus.

Environment and sustainable management of natural resources
The main objectives of Thematic Programme for Environment and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources including Energy for the period 2007-2013 are to integrate environmental protection requirements into the Community's development and other external policies and to help promote the Community’s environmental and energy policies abroad in the common interest of the Community and partner countries and regions.

'Investing in People' 2007-2013
'Investing in People (2007 – 2013)' is the main thematic instrument of the European Commission for support of programmes in the area of human and social development, on top of country programmes that form the corner stone for the implementation of the EC activities in this area.

Policy Coherence for Development
When exploring ways to accelerate progress towards achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG), the European Union (EU) considers how non-aid policies can assist developing countries in attaining the MDGs. The EU activity in this field is not only a key political commitment in the context of the MDGs, but also has a firm legal basis in the Treaty establishing the European Community (Article 178).

The European Consensus on Development
The European Consensus on Development 2005 is a policy statement that reflects the EU's willingness to eradicate poverty and build a more stable and equitable world.

EU Communication Stepping up international climate finance - briefing
The European Commission today put forward a blueprint for scaling up international finance to help developing countries combat climate change. This initiative aims to maximise the chances of concluding an ambitious global climate change agreement at the December U.N. climate conference in Copenhagen. By 2020 developing countries are likely to face annual costs of around €100 billion to mitigate their greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Much of the finance needed will have to come from domestic sources and an expanded international carbon market, but international public financing of some €22-50 billion a year is also likely to be necessary. The Commission proposes that industrialised nations and economically more advanced developing countries should provide this public financing in line with their responsibility for emissions and ability to pay. This could mean an EU contribution of some €2-15 billion a year by 2020, assuming an ambitious agreement is reached in Copenhagen.

Trade and Development: the Doha Development Agenda
The agenda of the Doha Round is much broader than past global trade negotiations and is specifically targeted at addressing the needs of developing countries.

The EU-ACP Trade Relations
Economic Partnership Agreements: A New Approach in trade relations between the European Union and the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Countries (ACP).

EU strategy to support developing countries - briefing
Less than a week after the London Summit, the European Commission outlines a range of actions which the EU can take now to help developing countries weather the ongoing economic crisis. The Communication adopted today by the Commission looks at how Europe can support developing countries in coping with the crisis.

EU 1 billion euro "Food Facility" for developing countries - briefing
The European Commission adopted on 30 March a EUR 314 million package of projects to support agriculture and improve the food security situation in 23 developing countries across the globe. This is the first financing decision in the framework of the EUR 1 billion Food Facility which was adopted at the end of last year as a response to the growing food security problems faced by many developing countries. The Commission also agreed to an overall plan for the use of the entire amount of the Facility, targeting 50 developing countries in total.

European Development Days
The European Development Days exist to enhance public awareness about development cooperation and to strengthen the effectiveness of EU development assistance. The third edition of the European Development Days take place in Strasbourg, France on 15–17 November 2008.

International Finance Corporation
IFC fosters sustainable economic growth in developing countries by financing private sector investment, mobilizing capital in the international financial markets, and providing advisory services to businesses and governments.

Putting Trade Policy at the service of development
EU Trade Policy and Market Access for Developing Countries 2006-2007 - Report from DG Trade of the European Commission to the European Parliament - April 2008.

Banana Split, How EU Policies Divide Global Producers: Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series. 31
This publication looks at the likely impact of the change of arrangements for the import of bananas into the EU. At present banana prices within the European Union are almost double world levels. These prices are maintained by restrictive import quotas and tariffs that generate rents that accrue to producers and distributors. The European Union is obliged to remove its quantitative restrictions and replace them with tariffs that are likely to give preference to existing quota holders from ACP countries. Indications are that a relatively small proportion of the rents are currently accruing to ACP producers and the loss in rent would be more than offset by the expansion of EU imports.

Banana Wars: The Price of Free Trade - A Caribbean Perspective
In the Caribbean Windward Islands, one in three jobs and half of export earnings depend on bananas. But from the end of 2005, the European Union will give up the last non-tariff measures designed to protect this trade. Looming over the islanders are unemployment, poverty, further emigration, and the almost inevitable switch to growing illegal drugs. Banana Wars tells how the US government, answering the grievances of a single American corporation, forced the World Trade Organization to nullify a European Community commitment to protect small Caribbean banana growers. The international trading system lacks the flexibility needed to give states like the Windward Islands the protection that they need to survive, while powerful supermarket chains insist on ever-lower prices, to the short-term benefit of consumers but the serious detriment of growers. This book calls for new EU arrangements to help the Caribbean banana industry beyond 2005 and for the WTO to give greater consideration to the needs of very small states with vulnerable economies.

EU commitment to the Millennium Development Goals - milestones
At the half-way stage of the Millennium Development Goals timetable, 2008 is a crucial year on the international stage as regards the development agenda. In 2000 the international community set eight Millennium Development Goals to be achieved by 2015.