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Guides on the Competition policy in the EU.
EU guidelines for state aid to airports and airlines
The European Commission adopted in February 2014 guidelines on how EU Member States can support airports and airlines in line with EU state aid rules. The guidelines are aimed at ensuring good connections between regions and the mobility of European citizens, while minimising distortions of competition in the Single Market.
Bayer - Monsanto: the Commission's competition concerns
The European Commission approved on 21 March under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition of Monsanto by Bayer. The merger is conditional on the divestiture of an extensive remedy package, which addresses the parties' overlaps in seeds, pesticides and digital agriculture.
EU approval of six electricity capacity mechanisms to ensure security of supply
The European Commission approved on 7 February under EU State aid rules electricity capacity mechanisms in Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy and Poland. The Commission found that the measures will contribute to ensuring security of supply whilst preserving competition in the Single Market.
2017 State Aid Scoreboard
The 2017 State Aid Scoreboard, published on 16 January by the European Commission, showed that over 97% of new implemented aid measures fell under the new General Block Exemption Regulation and could be quickly implemented by EU Member States to the benefit of citizens, businesses and regions, avoiding bureaucracy, red tape and delays.
Amazon's tax structure in Europe
The European Commission concluded on 4 October 2017 that Luxembourg granted undue tax benefits to Amazon of around €250 million. This is illegal under EU State aid rules because it allowed Amazon to pay substantially less tax than other businesses. Luxembourg must now recover the illegal aid.
Antitrust: Google's record EUR 2.4 bn fine
The European Commission fined Google EUR 2.42 billion on 27 June 2017 for breaching EU antitrust rules. Google, it said, had abused its market dominance as a search engine by giving an illegal advantage to another Google product, its comparison shopping service.
Widening scope of General Block Exemption Regulation
The European Commission widened the scope of the General Block Exemption Regulation on 17 May 2017. The new rules exempt, for the first time, support measures for ports and airports and give Member States more flexibility to support culture, multi-functional sports arenas and businesses in the EU's outermost regions, without having to seek prior Commission approval.
2016 State Aid Scoreboard
The 2016 State Aid Scoreboard, published today by the European Commission, shows the benefits of the State Aid Modernisation package taking place. Around 95% of new implemented aid measures fell under the new General Block Exemption Regulation and could be implemented without prior Commission approval.
Statement of Objections to Google on Android operating system and applications - Factsheet
The European Commission informed Google on 20 April of its preliminary view that the company has, in breach of EU antitrust rules, abused its dominant position by imposing restrictions on Android device manufacturers and mobile network operators. The Commission's preliminary view is outlined in a Statement of Objections addressed to Google. It is also addressed to Alphabet, as it is standard practice for objections to also be addressed to the relevant parent company. This Factsheet summarises key elements of the Commission's preliminary view set out in the Statement of Objections. Sending a Statement of Objections does not prejudge the outcome of the investigation. Please also see press release.
Report on functioning of Insurance Block Exemption Regulation
The European Commission has published a report focusing on the functioning of the Insurance Block Exemption Regulation, which exempts certain types of cooperation in the insurance sector from EU antitrust rules under certain conditions.
Commission investigation into acquisition of oilfield service provider Baker Hughes by Halliburton
The European Commission opened pm 12 January an in-depth investigation to assess whether the proposed acquisition of oilfield service supplier Baker Hughes by rival Halliburton would impede effective competition in breach of the EU Merger Regulation. Both companies are US-based.
Mergers and Acquisitions in Turkey
Mergers and Acquisitions (“M&A”) is defined as the combining of two or more companies or buying-selling or dividing of two or more companies as a part of corporate finance in order to grow rapidly in business field of activity.
MasterCard: Statement of Objections on cross-border rules and inter-regional interchange fees
The European Commission sent on 9 July a Statement of Objections to MasterCard. The Statement of Objections outlines the Commission's preliminary view that MasterCard's rules prevent banks from offering lower interchange fees to retailers based in another Member State of the European Economic Area (EEA), where interchange fees may be higher.
Antitrust: formal Commission investigation into Amazon e-book distribution arrangements
The European Commission has opened a formal antitrust investigation into certain business practices by Amazon in the distribution of electronic books ("e-books").
Commission sector inquiry into mechanisms to ensure electricity supplies
The European Commission has launched a state aid sector inquiry into national measures to ensure that adequate capacity to produce electricity is available at all times to avoid black-outs (so-called "capacity mechanisms").
Commission approval for German offshore wind farms
The European Commission has found that German plans to support the building of 20 offshore wind farms are in line with EU state aid rules.
EU investigation against Google in relation to Android mobile operating system
The European Commission has opened formal proceedings against Google to investigate in-depth if the company’s conduct in relation to its Android mobile operating system as well as applications and services for smartphones and tablets has breached EU antitrust rules.
Telecoms: Recommendation on relevant markets
The European Commission – in agreement with Member States - decided on 9 October that two telecom markets should no longer be subject to regulation in Europe, and that two more should be redefined to reflect market and technology developments. The rules take effect immediately.
Revised guidelines for supporting firms in difficulty
The European Commission has revised its rules for assessing Member States' support measures to rescue and restructure companies in difficulty. The new guidelines aim to ensure that public funding is channelled where it is needed most and that investors in failing firms carry their fair share of the costs of restructuring, rather than leaving the burden to taxpayers. The rules adopted apply only to non-financial firms in difficulty; a separate set of rules is in place for banks and other financial institutions. The new guidelines will enter into force on 1 August 2014.
EU merger control rules improvements
The European Commission has launched a public consultation on proposals to improve merger control at EU level outlined in a White Paper.