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EU boosts security in Africa's Sahel region

EU boosts security in Africa's Sahel region

Moussa Faki Mahamat - Federica Mogherini - Mahamadou Issoufou - Photo EC

(BRUSSELS) - The EU has announced extra funding for the G5 Sahel Joint Security Force to support regional security and fight terrorism, and a reinforcement of international coordination of sustainable development efforts.

The International High Level Conference on the Sahel, co-chaired Friday by the European Union, the United Nations, the African Union and the G5 Sahel group of countries, mobilised political support for the Sahel region, EUR 414 million to support the Joint security Force of the G5 Sahel whilst reinforcing the coordination of sustainable development efforts in the region.

Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger set up the "G5 Sahel" group of countries in 2014 to foster close cooperation in the region and tackle the major challenges that these countries face – from extreme poverty, terrorism or trafficking of human beings, which has potential spill-over effects outside the region.

Key outcomes of the High Level Conference:

  • Reinforced political support to the region: A Joint Communiqué was adopted, reaffirming support to assist the G5 countries in bringing greater stability to the region. Important support was given to the Mali peace process: those that threaten the process can face sanctions.
  • Increased financial assistance for security: the EU doubled its funding to the G5 Sahel Joint Force to €100 million, which aims to improve regional security and fight terrorism. The EU and its Member States together contributed to half of the international support of the Joint Force. This new funding fully meets the needs of the Joint Force and gives it the means to improve security conditions in the region.
  • Better coordination of development efforts: with €8 billion in development aid over 2014-2020, the EU is the biggest donor to the G5 Sahel countries. The EU will play a leading role in the Alliance for the Sahel launched in July 2017. This new initiative aims to coordinate and deliver aid quicker and more efficiently in the most fragile regions and is open to all the partners of the international community.

The EU supports development efforts in the region, notably the 'EU Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa' under which €843 million has been committed so far.

The EU is also a member and key supporter of the newly formed Alliance for the Sahel, set up recently to coordinate existing EU and Member States development assistance better and faster in the region.

EU efforts have been stepped up to improve cooperation with this African-led initiative to build a strong partnership on many fronts: from political dialogue, to development and humanitarian support, to strengthening security and tackling irregular migration.

Joint Communiqué by the European Union, the G5 Sahel, the African Union and the United Nations

EU partnership with G5 Sahel countries


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