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A collection of links to web sites of the European Union institutions and other European business web sites.

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CETA in your town
Towns and cities across the EU export to Canada. This interactive map draws on a sub-set of all EU companies exporting to Canada. Zoom into the map to see where companies exporting to Canada are located. Click on a country for a snapshot of its trade with Canada.

Environmental Implementation Review
The Environmental Implementation Review (EIR) is a tool to improve implementation of EU environmental law and legislation. It aims to address the causes of implementation gaps and try to find solutions before problems become urgent. The EIR is a two-yearly cycle of analysis, dialogue and collaboration, with publication of country reports and discussions between the European Commission, EU Member States and stakeholders. Country reports are drafted every two years focusing on essential topics in the area of environmental policy and law in each EU Member State. They are published along with a summary that sets out common trends, recommendations and political conclusions.

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
The EU's common agricultural policy (CAP) is aimed at helping European farmers meet the need to feed more than 500 million Europeans. Its main objectives are to provide a stable, sustainably produced supply of safe food at affordable prices for consumers, while also ensuring a decent standard of living for 22 million farmers and agricultural workers.

State of the Energy Union
The State of the Energy Union shows progress made since the Energy Union Framework Strategy was adopted to bring about the transition to a low-carbon, secure and competitive economy. The European Commission has committed to present these reports annually in order to address the key issues and steer the policy debate.

Mobile roaming in the EU
For a decade, the EU has worked to reduce the surcharges that telecoms operators imposed on their customers each time they crossed a border while using their mobile device on holiday or during business trips. Since 2007, roaming prices have decreased by more than 90 per cent. In 2015, and based on a proposal of the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council agreed to end roaming charges for people who travel periodically in the EU. "Roam like at Home" - where customers pay domestic prices, irrespective of where they are travelling in the EU - will become a reality for all European travellers by June 2017.

Biological Safety of Food in the EU
Biological hazards include bacteria, viruses, parasites, prions, biotoxins. Some of these hazards have posed serious risks to public health, such as Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, biotoxins in live molluscs or BSE. Exposure of consumers to those through food should thus be prevented. A comprehensive legal framework has been established by the European Commission to increase the level of food safety in Europe, building over time European consumers' confidence while preventing food crises. It is based on scientific advice delivered by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

Preservation of bank accounts
Current fragmentation of national rules on enforcement severely hampers debt collection within the EU. Creditors seeking to enforce a civil court order in another EU country are confronted with different legal systems, procedural requirements and language barriers which entail additional costs and delays. Regulation 655/2014 establishing a European Account Preservation Order procedure ("EAPO") establishes a new uniform European procedure for the preserving of bank accounts, which will allow creditors to preserve the amount owed in a debtor's bank account located in the EU.

Control of TSEs (including BSE and scrapie)
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) are a family of diseases occurring in man and animals and are characterised by a degeneration of brain tissue giving a sponge-like appearance leading to death The family includes diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD), variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) and Kuru in humans, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle, Scrapie in small ruminants (sheep and goats), Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in cervids and Transmissible Mink Encephalopathy (TME) in minks. The commonly accepted cause of the TSE diseases is a transmissible agent called a prion (PrPres), which is an abnormal form of a protein.

EU efforts for bee health
Bee health depends on many factors. This is why EU actions cover several policy areas including: beekeeping and agriculture, environment, research, pesticides, veterinary issues and surveillance measures. There are around 630.000 beekeepers and 16 millions of hives in the EU, producing 234.000 tons of honey per year.

ESMA updated Q&A on Prospectus Directive
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published an updated questions and answers (Q&A) document on the application of the Prospectus Directive. he Q&A includes one new question and answer on the application of the ESMA guidelines on Alternative Performance Measures to prospectuses. The question clarifies how to apply the guidelines when constituent parts of a prospectus straddle the date on which ESMA's Alternative Performance Measures Guidelines came into force (3 July 2016). The purpose of this Q&A is to promote common supervisory approaches and practices in the application of the Prospectus Directive and its implementing measures.

Find a Galileo-enabled device to use - UseGalileo.eu
Galileo is Europe's Global Satellite Navigation System (GNSS), providing users with improved positioning and timing information. With the declaration of Initial Services, Galileo is moving from a global satellite navigation system (GNSS) in testing, to a live, operational service. For the first time, European satellites are providing users with global positioning, navigation and timing information. In the lead up to Galileo Initial Services, many forward-looking companies have created Galileo-enabled receivers, chipsets and modules – many of which are already available on the market. This tool helps you keep track of Galileo-enabled devices serving a variety of needs as they become available.

Global Surface Water Explorer
The Global Surface Water Explorer is a new online interactive mapping tool that will be accessible to everyone and serve to improve European and global policies for example on climate change and water management.

Code of Conduct on countering illegal hate speech online: First results on implementation
The European Commission published on 6 December 2016 the first evaluation of how IT companies applied the code of conduct to combat illegal online hate speech.

VAT
The application of VAT is decided by national tax authorities but there are some standard EU rules, which are explained on this European Commission website. Check basic VAT rules in each EU country, and consult a Tax information Communication database.

Milk and milk products - the Milk Package
The so-called "Milk Package" has been designed with a view to the longer-term future of the dairy sector following the end of the quota system in 2015. It is fully applicable as from 3 October 2012.

UCITS Directive - updated questions and answers
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published an updated questions and answers document on the application of the Undertakings for the Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Directive (UCITS). The Q&A includes two new questions and answers on how investment limits should be applied where a UCITS wants to invest in an umbrella fund. The purpose of the Q&A document is to promote common supervisory approaches and practices in the application of the UCITS Directive and its implementing measures.

Drones - unmanned aircrafts
Unmanned aircraft, commonly called drones, offer huge potential for developing innovative civil applications in a wide variety of sectors that benefit European society, and will contribute to creating new businesses and jobs. Within 20 years, the European drone sector is expected to: directly employ more than 100 000 people; have an economic impact exceeding EUR 10 billion per year, mainly in services. As civil aviation evolves towards more automation, drone technology will also be crucial for the competitiveness of the European aeronautics industry as a whole.

EU-FORA - The EUropean FOod Risk Assessment Fellowship Programme
EFSA’s EU-FORA fellowship programme offers a unique opportunity to motivated early to mid-career scientists from EU national risk assessment authorities and any other Article 36 organisation to increase their knowledge and experience in food safety risk assessment. The programme’s principal focus lies on chemical and microbiological risk assessment. It is aimed at professionals from the following fields: molecular biology, biology, microbiology, veterinary/human medicine agronomy/agricultural science, biochemistry, chemistry, environmental science, food technology or toxicology.

Education and Training Monitor
The Education and Training Monitor is an annual publication that captures the evolution of education and training in the EU. It contributes to the objectives of the EU strategic framework for cooperation in education and training, the overall Commission's strategy for growth and employment and the European Semester cycle of economic policy co-ordination.

Animal diseases - control measures
The EU has a set of specific legislation for a number of animal diseases depending on their potential social and economic impact. This includes notification obligations; diagnostic methods; measures to be applied in case of suspicion and confirmation of disease and, where applicable, regionalisation measures. This site contains details and links to the relevant EU legislation for each disease.

Antimicrobial resistance - Action at EU Level
The EU - active on AMR for more than 15 years - strives to bring about behaviour change and tackle this pressing issue within a "One Health"approach: Raising Awareness - Reducing the overuse and misuse of antimicrobial medicines is vital to stop the appearance of resistant microorganisms. Among other good practices, the following ones are key to tackle this problem: Better prescribing practices (including prescribing antibiotics only when required) Stop self-medication in countries in which antimicrobial medicines are freely available Respect the dosages Stop the overuse and misuse of antimicrobial medicines in agriculture and the veterinary field

TACs and quotas - EU fishing rules
Total allowable catches (TACs) or fishing opportunities, are catch limits (expressed in tonnes or numbers) that are set for most commercial fish stocks. The Commission prepares the proposals, based on scientific advice on the stock status from advisory bodies such as ICES and STECF. Some multi-annual plans contain rules for the setting of the TACs. TACs are set annually for most stocks (every two years for deep-sea stocks) by the Council of fisheries ministers. For stocks that are shared and jointly managed with non-EU countries, the TACs are agreed with those (groups of) non-EU countries. TACs are shared between EU countries in the form of national quotas. For each stock a different allocation percentage per EU country is applied for the sharing out of the quotas. This fixed percentage is known as the relative stability key. EU countries can exchange quotas with other EU countries. EU countries have to use transparent and objective criteria when they distribute the national quota among their fishermen. They are responsible for ensuring that the quotas are not overfished. When all the available quota of a species is fished, the EU country has to close the fishery.

Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
In October 2016, the Commission proposed to re-launch the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base. The Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB) is a single set of rules to calculate companies' taxable profits in the EU. With the CCCTB, cross-border companies will only have to comply with one, single EU system for computing their taxable income, rather than many different national rulebooks. Companies can file one tax return for all of their EU activities, and offset losses in one Member State against profits in another. The consolidated taxable profits will be shared between the Member States in which the group is active, using an apportionment formula. Each Member State will then tax its share of the profits at its own national tax rate.

EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)
The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) is a freshly negotiated EU-Canada treaty. It is designed to offer EU firms more and better business opportunities in Canada and support jobs in Europe. It removes customs duties, enda restrictions on access to public contracts, opens up the services market, offers predictable conditions for investors and helps prevent illegal copying of EU innovations and traditional products.

EU Coding Platform - Reference Compendia for the Application of a single European Coding System for Tissues and Cells
The web-based EU Coding Platform supports healthcare professionals and national competent authorities in tracing donated tissues and cells from donor to recipient in the entire EU.