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EU web links

A collection of links to web sites of the European Union institutions and other European business web sites.

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Tobacco and EU public health
Tobacco is the single largest cause of avoidable death in the European Union accounting for over half a million deaths each year and over a million deaths in Europe as a whole. It is estimated that 25% of all cancer deaths and 15% of all deaths in the Union could be attributed to smoking. In order to curb this epidemic, the European Community is actively developing a comprehensive tobacco control policy

Environment DG
Portal to the European Commission Environment services

The European Eco-label is a voluntary scheme enabling European consumers including public and private purchasers to easily identify officially approved green products across the European Union. It allows producers to show and communicate to their customers that their products respect the environment. A general description of the scheme is available as well as background information.

EU Directive on Dangerous Substances
Ehe EU Directive on Dangerous Substances was a response to a need to ensure the protection of public health, in particular the health of workers handling dangerous substances.

Electricity and the EU
Recent European Union legislation means that, from July 2007 at the latest, all consumers will be free to shop around for gas and electricity supplies. At the same time, the European Union is working to ensure that infrastructure, such as electricity and gas transmission networks, is improved, to transport energy as efficiently as possible to where it is needed. Regulators have been established in each EU country to ensure that suppliers and network companies operate correctly and provide the services promised to their customers. The European Commission is monitoring closely the market identifying obstacles and shortcomings.

Corporate social responsibility in EU Trade
Corporate social responsibility - European Commission CSR Trade site

EU car sector
Competition in the EU car sector - what's new

Austrian Business Agency
The Austrian Business Agency (ABA), a government-operated consulting firm, is the international investor's first business address in Austria.

Federation of Enterprise in Belgium
The Federation of Enterprises in Belgium (FEB) is the only multi-sector employers' organisation representing companies in all three regions of Belgium. Its members, Belgium's leading sectoral federations, represent companies in key industrial and service sectors.

Firmafrance was launched in France on Wednesday the 25th June 2003 by Ubifrance, the French Agency for international business development, and the French weekly magazine on topical industrial news, l'Usine Nouvelle. It is the first and only B2B website which brings together 20,000 French exporters. Dedicated to foreign companies who wish to identify reliable suppliers and partners, it also gives companies the chance to announce their offers and seize business opportunities on line.

Eurochambres - the Association of European Chambers of Commerce and Industry - represents 44 national associations of Chambers of Commerce and Industry, a European network of 2000 regional and local Chambers with over 18 million member enterprises in Europe.

Doing Business in Germany
Rivergate Associates is a German-based, business development firm, focused on assisting technology companies in entering the German Market.

Finfacts Irish Finance
Finfacts is Ireland's leading business / finance / e-business information portal service providing both business managers and financial consumers with up-to-date information in a wide variety of areas from interest/deposit information to stock market performance and e-commerce.

ALFI Association of the Luxembourg Fund Industry
ALFI - Association Luxembourgeoise des Fonds d'Investissement - the official trade association of the world's 4th largest investment fund industry, strives to protect the interests of its members and to promote Luxembourg as a major financial centre. Its mission statement is: To lead industry efforts to make Luxembourg the most attractive international center for investment funds.

Netherlands foreign trade agency
The Netherlands Foreign Trade Agency (EVD) is an arm of the Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs specially created to further the international activities of companies and entrepeneurs from all sectors of the Dutch economy.

Netherlands trade
This website aims to be of assistance to those doing business in Holland. It is expected to expand its services soon. This Trade & Industry site is an initiative of the Netherlands Foreign Trade Agency (EVD) and

Privacy Protection in the EU
The EU regulatory framework for electronic communications comprises a series of legal texts and associated measures that apply throughout the 25 EU Member States. The goals of the new framework are to encourage competition in the electronic communications markets, to improve the functioning of the internal market and to guarantee basic user interests that would not be guaranteed by market forces. The framework provides a set of rules that are simple, aimed at deregulation, technology neutral and sufficiently flexible to deal with fast changing markets in the electronic communications sector.

EU steel sector
The European Union, producing 193 million tonnes of crude steel, accounts for 18% of world production. China is the largest producer with 272 million tonnes (26% of world production), followed by Japan with 113 million tonnes and the USA with 99 million tonnes. The value of the annual EU steel production is estimated at EUR 21 billion, representing more than 1% of the Union’s GDP. Employment in the steel sector has contracted steadily over the years, so much so that from 1 million people working in the sector in 1970 there are now just 347,000 employed which represent less than 1.5% of the total employment in EU manufacturing industries.

Future of Europe debate - Europa
Documents, debates, events about the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) - Opinions of the European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank, European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.

Air transport in the EU
Of all forms of transport, air travel has seen by far the most impressive growth in the European Union over the last twenty years. In terms of passenger-kilometres, traffic increased by an average of 7.4 per cent a year between the year 1980 and 2001, while traffic at the airports af the 15 Member States increased five-fold since 1970. Despite the impact on air transport of the 11th of September terrorist attack it's expected that the traffic trend will recover in the coming years - European Commission web site

European Culture portal
Since its inclusion in the Treaty on the European Union, cultural cooperation has become a new community competency. The European Commission Culture site is aimed mainly at European cultural operators who want to set up cooperation projects with other European partners. Information on the numerous other EU policies for the promotion of culture is available on the European Culture Portal.

Euro Info Centres
Euro Info Centres or EICs inform, advise, and assist businesses on Community issues. They also provide feedback to the European Commission about community matters affecting SMEs. EICs are well integrated in the local and regional business environment, while their teams are familiar with European practices. EICs are in constant contact with the European Commission and get access to a business support network comprising of more than 300 centres across more than 45 countries.

EU shipbuilding sector
The shipbuilding industry is an important and strategic industry in a number of EU member states and for the European Community as a whole. There are more than 150 shipyards in the EU, with around 40 of them active in the global market for large sea-going vessels. The production in the EU concentrates increasingly in high-value market segments. The shipyards employ around 100.000 people directly and more than 400 000 indirectly. Since the enlargement of the EU, the annual turnover of the EU shipbuilding industry is more than EUR 11.5 billion.

VAT in the European Community
The country-specific documents on this European Commission page contain basic information on the application of VAT in the Member States for the use by administrations, business, information networks, etc.

VAT Invoicing Rules in the EU
The European Council adopted on 20 December 2001 a Directive (2001/115/EC) on VAT Invoicing. This Directive, which amends the 6th VAT Directive, had to be implemented into national Law before 1 January 2004. The Commission says this measure will be of significant practical benefit to firms operating within the Internal Market because it will ensure that they have only to deal with a single, simplified set of rules on invoicing valid throughout the EU instead of fifteen different sets of legislation. At the same time, the Directive requires Member States to recognise the validity of electronic invoices and allow cross-border electronic invoicing and electronic storage.