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A collection of links to web sites of the European Union institutions and other European business web sites.

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Clean Energy for All Europeans
On 30 November 2016, the European Commission presented a new package of measures with the goal of providing the stable legislative framework needed to facilitate the clean energy transition - and thereby taking a significant step towards the creation of the Energy Union. Aimed at enabling the EU to deliver on its Paris Agreement commitments, the 'Clean Energy for All Europeans' proposals are intended to help the EU energy sector become more stable, more competitive, and more sustainable, and fit for the 21st century. With a view to stimulating investment in the clean energy transition, the package has three main goals: Putting energy efficiency first; Achieving global leadership in renewable energies; Providing a fair deal for consumers

Directive on Payment Services (PSD)
The European Commission is working to create an efficient and integrated market for payment services in the EU. The EU is aiming to create a single payment area which lets citizens and businesses make cross-border payments as easily and safely as they would in their own countries; and where cross-border payments are subject to the same charges as domestic payments.

Novel food
Novel Food is defined as food that had not been consumed to a significant degree by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997, when the first Regulation on novel food came into force.

Preliminary results of the Estonian Presidency of the Council of the European Union
The Estonian Presidency of the Council of the EU worked with a total of 377 drafts, including legislative initiatives, strategies and communications, Estonia also brought new topics to the agenda.

Europass
Europass is a European Union initiative to increase transparency of qualification and mobility of citizens in Europe. It aims to make a person's skills and qualifications clearly understood throughout Europe. Europass consists of five documents: two documents (Europass curriculum vitae (CV) and Europass Language Passport) you can fill in yourself; and three other documents (Europass Certificate Supplement, Europass Diploma Supplement and Europass Mobility) filled in and issued by competent organisations.

Inter-institutional register of delegated acts
This register gives you access to the various steps in the preparation, adoption, scrutiny and publication of delegated acts. Delegated acts supplement or amend existing EU legislation.

Approval of pesticides in the EU
What are pesticides? Who decides on their authorisation? Who is responsible for their use? How can pesticides be used safely? An active substance is only approved by the European Commission after a rigorous and lengthy science-based assessment to ensure its use is safe. The assessment of these dossiers is then conducted jointly by: the national authorities in EU Member States; the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

EU External Investment Plan (EIP)
The External Investment Plan (EIP) was adopted in September 2017 to help boost investment in partner countries in Africa and the European Neighbourhood. It aims to: contribute to the UN's sustainable development goals (SDG) while tackling some of the root causes of migration; mobilise and leverage sustainable public and private investments to improve economic and social development with a particular focus on decent job creation.The EIP supports partner countries by: mobilising finance - through the European Fund for Sustainable Development; providing technical assistance to help prepare investment projects; developing a favourable investment climate and business environment.

Access City Award
European cities today have a steadily ageing population, as well as a growing number of persons with disabilities. These Europeans have difficulty getting around in the urban environment and making full use of the services and facilities which others take for granted. The Access City Award recognises and celebrates a city's willingness, capability and efforts to ensure accessibility in order to guarantee equal access to fundamental rights; improve the quality of life of its population and ensure that everybody - regardless of age, mobility or ability - has equal access to all the resources and pleasures cities have to offer.

EU trade defence
The EU stands firm against unfair trade practices through anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures. This is necessary to uphold the EU's commitment to open markets. The EU is one of the main users of trade defence instruments globally. It ensures that procedures are followed rigorously and takes all the Union’s interests into account. The EU applies trade defence instruments in accordance with EU and WTO law. The European Commission monitors the application of these instruments, follows up the enforcement of measures and negotiates future rules with international partners.

Urban Agenda for the EU
The Commission is working together with cities to ensure a good quality of life. See how the Commission helps cities to grow sustainably through sharing of knowledge, funding, and other urban policies and initiatives.

Guidance to help pharma companies prepare for Brexit
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has published additional guidance to help pharmaceutical companies prepare for the United Kingdom’s (UK) withdrawal from the European Union (EU). The guidance document outlines the practical and simplified requirements that companies should follow when they apply for changes to their marketing authorisation to allow for the continued marketing of their medicine in the European Economic Area after the UK withdraws from the EU. The guidance has been prepared on the basis that the UK will become a third country as of 30 March 2019.

Joint Africa-EU Strategy
The Joint Africa-EU Strategy was launched at the Africa–EU Summit in Lisbon in 2007 and sets out the intention of both continents to move beyond a donor/recipient relationship towards long-term cooperation on jointly identified, mutual and complementary interests. It is based on principles of ownership, partnership and solidarity and its adoption marks a new phase in Africa-EU relations.

What I need to know about Biosimilar Medicines - Information for patients
The European Commission launched today additional translations of the Q&A paper “What I Need to Know about Biosimilar Medicines – Information for patients’’ making it available now in 23 official European languages, in order to provide patients with easy-to-understand information about biosimilar medicines. What are biosimilar medicines? How are they produced? How are they approved? Are they safe? – These questions and many more are addressed in this paper. Empowering patients to engage, discuss and participate in decisions on their treatment options is key to improving patient outcomes and contributing to the effective treatment of their individual condition(s).

SME Performance Review
The SME Performance Review is one of the main tools the European Commission uses to monitor and assess countries' progress in implementing the Small Business Act (SBA) on a yearly basis. With an emphasis on the measures from the SBA Action Plan, the review brings comprehensive information on the performance of SMEs in EU countries and other partner countries. It consists of two parts: an annual report on European SMEs and SBA country fact sheets.

Gambling
The EU gambling market is estimated at around EUR 84.9 billion and grows at a yearly rate of around 3%. Online gambling is particularly popular with around 6.8 million consumers in the EU and a wide variety of operators offering services. In 2012, online gambling services represented more than 12% of the EU’s gambling market with annual revenues of over EUR 10 billion. Annual revenues in 2015 for online gambling are expected to increase to EUR 13 billion.

Organic farming in the EU - European Commission website
EU legislation ensures that ‘organic’ means the same for consumers and producers all over the EU. Legislation concerning organic produce is developed with the participation of Member States and the assistance of advisory and technical committees and expert bodies. Download logo & promotional material - The EU organic logo & guidelines - Download photos - Download videos - Download infographics - More promotional material - What is organic farming? Producing organic International trade in organics Organic certification Studies Frequently asked questions EU Policy Legislation Policy development EU rules on production EU rules on trade European Action Plan Data and statistics Expert advice Food quality policy How to become an organic producer in the EU?

EU portal to teach youngsters about tax issues
The European Commission has launched a new education portal for young people to teach them in a fun and interactive way about tax issues. TAXEDU is a digital resource to educate children about the purpose of taxes and how they affect daily life. The hope is that it will also help to stimulate the ongoing debate about fair taxation. The portal is full of multilingual e-learning tools, games, videos and educational material for teachers to use in schools.

Budget of the EU
The annual budget lays down all the European Union's expenditure and revenue for one year. It ensures the financing of EU programmes and actions in all EU policy areas, for example, agriculture, research, regional policy, and other. The annual budget also ensures that the EU receives the revenue necessary to finance its expenditure. The annual EU budget - expenditure and revenue - must be in balance.

Reports on progress in Bulgaria and Romania
The reports assess progress under the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism, with judicial reform, the fight against corruption and, concerning Bulgaria, the fight against organised crime.

European Air Quality Index
How clean is the air you’re breathing right now? How does the air in your city compare with that of a neighbouring city or region? Air pollution is the single largest environmental health risk in Europe. The European Environment Agency's European Air Quality Index allows users to understand more about air quality where they live. Displaying up-to-the-minute data for the whole of Europe, users can gain new insights into the air quality of individual countries, regions and cities.

Online Dispute Resolution website
The Online Dispute Resolution website is an official website managed by the European Commission dedicated to helping consumers and traders resolve their disputes out-of-court. If you've had a problem with something you've bought online, you can use this site to try to reach an out-of-court settlement. You can only use it if you live in the EU and the trader is based in the EU. In some countries, you can also use this site if you are a trader and you want to complain about a consumer over a good or service you sold online.

Organisation of working time - Working Time Directive
To protect workers' health and safety, working hours must meet minimum standards applicable throughout the EU. The Working Time Directive sets out minimum safety and health requirements for the organisation of the working time of workers. These cover: minimum periods of daily and weekly rest, annual leave, breaks and maximum weekly working time; aspects of night and shift work.

Autumn 2017 Economic Forecast
The euro area economy is on track to grow at its fastest pace in a decade this year, with real GDP growth forecast at 2.2%. This is substantially higher than expected in spring (1.7%). The EU economy as a whole is also set to beat expectations with robust growth of 2.3% this year (up from 1.9% in spring). According to its Autumn Forecast released today, the European Commission expects growth to continue in both the euro area and in the EU at 2.1% in 2018 and at 1.9% in 2019 (Spring Forecast: 2018: 1.8% in the euro area, 1.9% in the EU).

European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF)
The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund provides support to people losing their jobs as a result of major structural changes in world trade patterns due to globalisation, e.g. when a large company shuts down or production is moved outside the EU, or as a result of the global economic and financial crisis.