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EU web links

A collection of links to web sites of the European Union institutions and other European business web sites.

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Europass portal
Europass helps people to make their skills and qualifications clearly and easily understood in Europe (European Union, EFTA/EEA and candidate countries) and also to move anywhere in Europe. The Europass portal allows EU citizens to complete online, with the help of a tutorial and examples, their own Europass CV and Europass Language Passport.

ETUC European Trade Union Confederation
The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) was set up in 1973 to promote the interests of working people at European level and to represent them in the EU institutions. The ETUC has in membership 81 National Trade Union Confederations from 36 European countries, as well as 12 European industry federations, making a total of 60 million members, plus observer organisations in Macedonia and Serbia. Other trade Union structures such as EUROCADRES (the Council of European Professional and Managerial Staff) and EFREP/FERPA (European Federation of Retired and Elderly Persons) operate under the auspices of the ETUC.

Consumer and Health Protection DG
Over the years the European Union has established EU laws on the safety of food and other products, on consumers' rights and on the protection of people's health. The Health and Consumer Protection Directorate General has the task of keeping these laws up to date.

GMOs and the EU
Latest documents and legislation on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) - EC food safety site

Soft fruits for processing - EU report
In 2004, the market of several soft fruits and other red fruits intended for processing was in a situation of crisis with low producer prices. In the context of the discussions on the simplification of the Common Market Organisation for fruits and vegetables at the Council in November 2004, the Presidency requested the Commission to carry out an analysis of the situation of the sector and, if necessary, bring forward proposals to address specific problems.

Food Safety in the EU
The EU integrated approach to food safety aims to assure a high level of food safety, animal health, animal welfare and plant health within the European Union through coherent farm-to-table measures and adequate monitoring, while ensuring the effective functioning of the internal market.

Food Labelling in the EU
In the European Union, rules are put in place on the labelling of foodstuffs to enable European consumers to get comprehensive information on the contents and the composition of food products. Labelling helps consumers to make an informed choice while purchasing their foodstuffs.

European Food Law Association
The European Food Law Association (EFLA) is an international scientific association. Its essential goal is to study and to promote Food Law, as well as to contribute to its development and to its international harmonisation while taking into account its specificity, its interdisciplinary nature and its special function, the protection of the consumers.

EU sugar sector
European Commission site on reform of the EU sugar market, with Facts and figures on sugar in the European Union.

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and working Conditions
The Foundation is a European Union body, one of the first to be established to work in specialised areas of EU policy - to contribute to the planning and design of better living and working conditions in Europe. Its role is to provide information, advice and expertise – on living and working conditions, industrial relations and managing change in Europe – for key actors in the field of EU social policy on the basis of comparative information, research and analysis.

Federation of European Employers
FedEE provides a practical HR resource for companies operating internationally across Europe, with a focus on employment law, pay and labour relations. First established with EU funding in 1989, it is now a rapidly-growing independent organisation serving the needs of multinational employers worldwide.

Study of Gambling Services in the Internal Market of the European Union
To obtain a detailed overview of the legal and economic aspects of gambling and games of chance, the Commission asked the Swiss Institute of Comparative Law to carry out a study into the sector. The study is the result of close to two years work and provides an analysis of the legal regimes governing gambling and games of chance in the European Union.

EurLife - Quality of life database
EurLife is an interactive database on living conditions and quality of life in Europe, offering data drawn from the surveys of the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions and other published sources. The data deals with the objective living conditions and subjective well-being of European citizens. It covers the 25 current EU Member States and three candidate countries: Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey.

ECB Statistical Data Warehouse
The Statistical Data Warehouse is the ECB’s new online data delivery service for statistics. It is intended for a wide range of users of euro area statistics, ranging from one-time visitors searching for a specific most recent statistic or a single data series to more frequent users such as market participants, journalists, analysts and researchers. It features robust and simple-to-use interfaces that allow users to quickly find, display, chart and download euro area data, including in some cases national breakdowns.

EC spring economic forecasts 2006-2007
Economic growth is projected to rebound in 2006 to 2.3% in the European Union and to 2.1% in the euro area, up from 1.6% and 1.3% in 2005, according to the Commission’s spring economic forecasts. The main impulses stem from a robust increase in investment, continued strong world growth and an improved outlook in Germany. Growth is expected to edge slightly lower in 2007 to 2.2% in the EU and 1.8% in the euro area. The EU as a whole is expected to create 3 ½ million new jobs over the period 2006-07, after nearly 3 million in the previous two years. This will help reduce unemployment from a peak of more than 9% in 2004 to an expected 8.2% in 2007 in the EU. Inflation remains remarkably stable at slightly above 2% despite soaring oil prices, which remain the main risk to economic growth.

Rural Development in the European Union - Statistical and Economic Information - Report 2006
The report "Rural Development in the European Union - Statistical and Economic Information - Report 2006" provides, at national and regional levels, statistical and economic information covering the three objectives of Rural Development policy 2007-2013. It also gives an overview of the implementation of Rural Development policy for the programming period 2000-2006.

Statistical panorama of European business
The new edition of European business - facts and figures, published by Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Communities, gives a comprehensive picture of the structure, development and characteristics of European business and its different activities: from energy and the extractive industries to communications, information services and media. It presents the latest available statistics from a wide selection of statistical sources describing for each activity production and employment, country specialisation and regional distribution, productivity and profitability, the importance of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), work-force characteristics, external trade etc.

Eurostat homepage
Eurostat is the Statistical Office of the European Communities. Established in 1953, Eurostat's mission is to gather and analyse figures from the different European statistics offices in order to provide comparable and harmonised data to the European Institutions so they can define, implement and analyse Community policies. Eurostat data covers the European Union, its Member States and its partners, and is published under a variety of Themes and Collections.

Euro indicators
Statistics for Economic and Monetary Union (euro-zone) and European Union (EU-15) from Eurostat

European Community Health Indicators
EU-wide health data from the European Community Health Indicators (ECHI) project is now published on the Commission's Public Health website. The aim of ECHI data is to enable policy makers to track developments in the health status of EU populations. The ECHI indicators aim to cover the 25 MS, the EU Candidate Countries (Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey), the West Balkan Countries, the USA, Canada and Japan.

Stability and convergence update 2006-2007
Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) - Stability and convergence programmes update 2006-2007

ECB Financial Stability Review Dec 2006
The European Central Bank (ECB) Financial Stability Review, which has been published semi-annually since December 2004, assesses the stability of the euro area financial system with regard to both the role it plays in facilitating economic processes and its ability to absorb adverse disturbances and prevent them from having an inordinately disruptive impact.

2006 Annual Progress Report on Growth and Jobs
European Commission Annual Progress Report and EU Member States' National Reform Programs and Implementation Reports for 2006

Restriction of Hazardous Substances EU Directive
RoHS is the acronym for Restriction of Hazardous Substances, a new European Union (EU) directive (Directive 2002/95/EC) which will ban new electrical and electronic equipment from being placed on the EU market if they contain more than agreed levels of certain hazardous substances. Its objective is to provide incentives for designing electrical and electronic equipment in an environmentally more efficient way, which takes waste management aspects fully into account. The RoHS directive applies to any manufacturer of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) to be released on the EU market. This applies to manufacturers inside the EU member states and manufacturers outside of Europe wishing to export their products to the EU market.

European Court of Auditors annual report 2005
In its 2005 Annual Report, the European Court of Auditors reports considerable progress by the Commission in introducing its new accounting system, but found weak internal controls for the majority of EU expenditure, both within Member States and at the Commission, and a high incidence of errors in the underlying transactions.