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What You Need to Know About Working Capital Loans

A working capital loan is used to finance the everyday operations or business expenses of a company. Every company requires adequate finance to be able to thrive and this is where capital loans prove effective.

Recurring expenses such as payroll, rent, vendor invoices, operational costs, and more are inevitable and must be paid regardless of what's on your balance sheet. Businesses use working capital loans to cover up for such expenses and they can either be secured or unsecured.

Secured vs. Unsecured Working Capital Loans

A secured loan is backed by certain assets that are put up as sureties for the loan by the borrower. The pledged assets must be properly maintained and insured to assure the lender that they are safe and should there be any issue in repaying the loan, the assets will be ready to be acquired.

An unsecured loan does not require any form of collateral but rather relies on how creditworthy the borrower is. This can be determined with your credit score and track records of repaying loans. This is a risky form of loan and as such, lenders tend to take extra precautions while lending.

The kind of loan you opt for would depend on you. If you have an asset to put up as collateral, a secured loan might suit you. If, on the other hand, you don't have any asset, your track record of finances and loan repayment over the years can save you, as it could get you an unsecured loan.

Types of Working Capital Loans

1. Short-term Loans

Short-term loans are a secured type of loan, as they require a form of collateral with a fixed-payment period and rate of interest. It could also be an unsecured loan if you have a relationship with the lender with a good credit history or track record of loan repayments. However, the amount borrowed and the interest must be paid back in less than a year.

2. Credit Line

This is a form of loan that allows borrowers to draw, repay, and redraw from available funds. It has a fixed amount that you must not exceed but the interest you'll be required to pay would depend on the amount you have withdrawn and not on the available funds provided to you. This is quite flexible and encourages more business owners to have a working capital loan.

3. Equity Funding

You can get working capital loans for your business through equity funding by letting investors and close relatives own shares of your company. This works effectively especially for businesses with no solid credit history to get loans via other means.

Bottom Line

Every business should have a working capital loan to keep them thriving and there's a research paper that further elaborates on the working capital structure and financing patterns of some companies. Without a working capital loan in place, your business might struggle, especially at the early stage and you want to ensure you are giving your all to make it thrive.

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