Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Personal tools
You are here: Home europe Czech Republic Czech Republic country profile

Czech Republic country profile

27 August 2006
by eub2 -- last modified 30 May 2012

The Czech Republic became an independent state in January 1993 after Czechoslovakia split into its two constituent parts. The country became a member state of the European Union on 1 May 2004.


The Czech Republic became an independent state in January 1993 after Czechoslovakia split into its two constituent parts. Before World War II, Czechoslovakia was one of the 10 most industrialised states in the world, and the only central European country to remain a democracy until 1938.

The Czech capital, Prague, is more than 1 000 years old and has a wealth of historic architecture of different styles. Because of this, the city has become a favoured location for many international film makers.

Manufacturing is still a major economic activity, especially the production of automobiles, machine tools, and engineering products. Iron and steel industries are important in Moravia. The chief crops are maize, sugar beet, potatoes, wheat, barley, and rye.

Hills and mountains cover about 95% of the country – ideal for skiing, mountain biking and hill walking. Wild boar and fox are found in the abundant woodlands.

The Czech Republic produces world-famous beer as well as mineral water from more than 900 natural springs (a world record). Wine is produced in the southern regions of Moravia and in part of Bohemia. Traditional dishes often include “knedlíky”, which is a type of dumplings made from potatoes or bread.

Among the famous Czech people are the Art Nouveau artist Alfons Mucha, composers Antonin Dvořák and Bedřich Smetana, as well as the writer Milan Kundera.

Official name: Czech Republic

Area (km2): 78 866

Population: 10.18 million (July 2012 est.)

Capital: Prague

National holiday: 28 October

Currency: Czech Koruna

Date of joining: 01 May 2004

Head of state: Václav Klaus, since March 2003

Head of government: Prime Minister Petr Necas (since 28 June 2010)

GDP (millions €): 148 555.6 (2008); 136 350.5 (forecast for 2009)

GDP per capita in PPS: € 20 200 (2008); € 19 600 (forecast for 2009)

Real growth rate of GDP: 1.8% (2011 est.); 2.3% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate: 8.5% (2011 est.); 9% (2010 est.)

National debt as % of GDP: 40.7% (2011 est.); 37.6% (2011 est.)

Inflation: 1.9% (2011 est.); 1.5% (2010 est.)

Public deficit/surplus as % of GDP: -3.7% (2011 est.)

Source: Eurostat


Head of State:

Head of Government:

Foreign Minister:



Source: European Commission, Spanish EU Presidency

Sponsor a Guide

EUbusiness Guides offer background information and web links about key EU business issues.

Promote your services by providing your own practical information and help to EUbusiness members, with your brand and contact details.

To sponsor a Guide phone us on +44 (0)20 7193 7242 or email sales.

EU Guides