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You are here: Home Members Friends of the Earth Europe How the EU Commission broke its own rules to let the biotech industry help rewrite GMO safety laws

How the EU Commission broke its own rules to let the biotech industry help rewrite GMO safety laws

05 March 2021
by foeeurope -- last modified 05 March 2021

The European Commission broke its own rules and is allowing companies which stand to profit from the weakening of GMO safety rules to help rewrite them, an investigation by Friends of the Earth Europe has found.


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The European Commission's health division (DG Sante) is due to publish imminently the findings of a consultation on the future of GMOs in the EU. The outcomes will determine how a new wave of GMOs, known as new genomic techniques, or new plant breeding techniques, will be regulated. Crops grown using these methods are currently regulated under EU GMO safety and labeling laws.

Friends of the Earth Europe's analysis reveals that DG Sante officials ignored guidelines to produce a result that would support deregulating new GMOs. This makes it more likely new GMOs will be exempted from safety checks and labeling requirements.

The analysis shows that, in contradiction with its own guidelines on balance and transparency in consultations, DG Sante:

  • Sought a disproportionately large majority of inputs (74%) from agri-industry bodies – a group in favour of deregulation. It also allowed a number of biotech companies which hold patents on new GMOs to have their views represented multiple times via umbrella organisations
  • Included more than twice as many questions about potential benefits of new GMOs than about potential risks
  • Failed to observe basic transparency protocols by not publishing responses to the consultation in advance of its publication

The Commission is due to publish the results of the study in April. Ahead of the publication, Friends of the Earth Europe is calling on DG Sante to immediately publish the consultation responses, and to commit to discount the results of this flawed process in future decisions about the whether new genomic techniques are exempt from GMO safety laws.

Mute Schimpf, food and farming campaigner at Friends of the Earth Europe said:

"The European Commission promised a strategy sustainable food system with its Farm to Fork strategy, but it seems to be trying to let in a new generation of GM crops onto our fields and plates without safety checks and labeling. It let the agri industry dominate responses to a key study on the future of how GMOs should be regulated, and refuses to observe basic transparency standards by publishing the submissions.

"The European Commission needs to clean up the mess by publishing contributions to the study like it normally would, and recognise that it was flawed in its scope and set-up, and so cannot be used to justify any changes in GMO safety laws."

Friends of the Earth Europe is the largest grassroots environmental network in Europe, uniting more than 30 national organisations with thousands of local groups. We are the European arm of Friends of the Earth International.

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