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17 July 2019, 12:46 CET offers a selection of publications on the European Union, EU legislation and European affairs. Get listed! Listing costs GBP 75 for an entry on this page. Phone +44 (0)20 7193 7242 or email

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WWF Valuing Rivers Report (August 2018) 30 August 2018, 18:16 CET
As floods and droughts ravage communities and countries worldwide, a WWF report highlights the capacity of healthy rivers to help mitigate these natural disasters but warns that all these 'hidden' benefits of rivers could be lost if they continue to be undervalued and overlooked.

Employment and Social Developments in Europe - Annual Review 2018 16 July 2018, 16:24 CET
The European Commission published on 13 July the 2018 edition of its yearly Employment and Social Developments in Europe (ESDE) review. This year's edition confirms the ongoing positive labour market trends as well as an improving social situation. The numbers of people in employment reached new record levels. At the same time we witness rising disposable incomes and lower levels of poverty. Severe material deprivation has receded to an all-time low, with 16.1 million fewer people affected, compared with 2012.

Monitoring the application of European Union law 2017 Annual Report 12 July 2018, 22:44 CET
Every year, the European Commission draws up an annual report on its monitoring of the application of EU law. In 2017, the Commission launched 716 infringement cases with highest number in Environment (173), Mobility and Transport (155) and Financial stability, financial services and Capital Markets Union (84). At the end of 2017, 1 559 infringement procedures remained open. The number of new late-transposition infringement cases decreased sharply in 2017 (558) compared to 2016 (845).

Doing Business in the European Union 2018: Croatia, Czech Republic, Portugal and Slovakia 03 July 2018, 23:26 CET
Doing Business in the European Union 2018: Croatia, the Czech Republic, Portugal and Slovakia - the first report of the subnational Doing Business series in these countries - assesses the business regulatory environment and its impact on local entrepreneurs in 5 cities in Croatia (Osijek, Rijeka, Split, Varazdin and Zagreb), 7 cities in the Czech Republic (Brno, Liberec, Olomouc, Ostrava, Plzen, Prague and Usti nad Labem), 8 cities in Portugal (Braga, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Funchal, Lisbon, Ponta Delgada and Porto), 5 cities in Slovakia (Bratislava, Kosice, Presov, Trnava and Zilina). The report measures regulations relevant to 5 stages in the life of a small to medium-size domestic firm: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property and enforcing contracts.

European waters - Assessment of status and pressures 2018 03 July 2018, 23:00 CET
The main aim of EU water policy is to ensure that a sufficient quantity of good-quality water is available for both people's needs and the environment. The Water Framework Directive (WFD), which came into force in 2000, established a framework for the assessment, management, protection and improvement of the quality of water resources across the EU. Since December 2015, EU Member States have been publishing the second river basin management plans (RBMPs) for achieving the environmental objectives of the WFD. These plans are updates of the first RBMPs, which were published in 2009.

European Innovation Scoreboard 2018 25 June 2018, 14:03 CET
The 2018 edition of the Scoreboard highlights that the EU's innovation performance continues to improve, that progress is accelerating, and that the outlook is positive. Since 2010, the EU's average innovation performance has increased by 5.8 percentage points, and it is expected to improve by an additional 6 percentage points over the next 2 years. The EU continues to improve its position relative to the United States, Japan, and Canada. However, China is catching up at three times the EU's innovation performance growth rate. Within the EU, innovation performance increased in 18 countries and decreased in 10 countries since 2010. Sweden remains the EU innovation leader, followed by Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, the UK, and Luxembourg. Lithuania, the Netherlands, Malta, the UK, Latvia, and France are the fastest growing innovators. The 2018 edition follows the methodology of the 2017 edition. However, results should not be compared across editions due to data revisions. Time series using the most recent data allow performance to be tracked over time.

Five Questions about the Digital Services Tax to Pierre Moscovici 21 June 2018, 18:17 CET
The European Commission has recently proposed to upend decades of international tax cooperation and introduce a new three percent tax on corporate turnover from digital advertising and online intermediation services. The proposal is not just remarkable for the actual design of the tax; it is equally notable that the digital services tax is proposed without any supporting evidence that it is in EU Member States' economic and fiscal interest to tax digital business models differently. The proposed tax on turnover would undoubtedly have direct and indirect consequences for many firms and for economic activity, and it is neither reasonable nor credible to assume that this tax would not have enough impact on EU economies to warrant a full tax-economic impact analysis. The Commission's own impact assessment was sharply criticised by the EU's Regulatory Scrutiny Board. Simplistic and narrow in scope, the Commission's assessment fails to take account of the most common consequences of business taxes and any policymaker who cares about the health of Europe's economy should send back these proposals to the Commission and ask for a response to the following five questions: first, what is the incidence of the proposed digital services tax – that is, who will actually carry the economic burden of the tax? Second, won't the digital services tax impact on downstream output and offline sales? Third, won't the digital services tax particularly hurt SMEs and micro businesses and change competition between large and small firms? Fourth, won't a digital services tax effectively become a tax on investment in the EU? And lastly, won't this tax become a levy on innovation, economic renewal and economic convergence in the EU?

European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) Annual Report 2017 21 June 2018, 12:29 CET
The European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) Annual Report 2017 provides a comprehensive overview of the Authority's activities in 2017. During this year, the focus of the Authority's work was strengthening supervisory convergence, enhancing consumer protection and maintaining financial stability.

Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the EU 2017 19 June 2018, 13:48 CET
New figures published today by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) show the trend of significant decreased asylum applications has continued in 2018. During the first four months of 2018, 197,000 persons asked for asylum in the EU, Norway and Switzerland, a lower level than during the same period in each of the last three years.

European Drug Report 2018: Trends and Developments 07 June 2018, 21:06 CET
Evidence of increased cocaine availability is highlighted by the EU drugs agency (EMCDDA) in its European Drug Report 2018. The report provides a comprehensive analysis of recent drug trends across the 28 EU Member States, Turkey and Norway.

European bathing water quality in 2017 - EEA Report No 2/2018 30 May 2018, 17:14 CET
This report by the European Environment Agency gives an overview of the 2017 bathing water quality thereby also indicating where the best quality bathing sites are likely to be found this year. In the 2017 season, almost 22 000 bathing waters were monitored throughout Europe.

Convergence Report 2018 23 May 2018, 23:02 CET
The European Commission published on 23 May the 2018 Convergence Report that assesses EU Member States' progress towards joining the euro area and covers the seven non-euro area countries that are legally committed to adopting the euro: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Sweden. The Convergence Reports examine whether the Member States satisfy the necessary conditions to adopt the single currency. The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union requires the Commission and the European Central Bank to issue these reports at least once every two years or at the request of an EU Member State which would like to join the euro area.

Pension adequacy report 2018 – Current and future income adequacy in old age in the EU (Volume 2) 30 April 2018, 23:08 CET
The 2018 edition of the triennial Pension Adequacy Report analyses how current and future pensions help prevent old-age poverty and maintain the income of men and women for the duration of their retirement. Volume I is devoted to comparative analysis of pension adequacy in the EU- 28. It examines the current living standards of older people and how they are shaped by pension systems, proceeds with an overview of recent pension reforms and concludes by analysing the main challenges to the adequacy of future pensions and ways of tackling them. Among other issues, the report highlights the gender differences in pension entitlements, the pension adequacy of persons in non-standard or self-employment and the role of supplementary pensions. Volume II provides a more detailed description of the pension system and pension adequacy in each of the 28 Member States.

Pension adequacy report 2018 – Current and future income adequacy in old age in the EU (Volume 1) 30 April 2018, 23:02 CET
The 2018 edition of the triennial Pension Adequacy Report analyses how current and future pensions help prevent old-age poverty and maintain the income of men and women for the duration of their retirement. Volume I is devoted to comparative analysis of pension adequacy in the EU- 28. It examines the current living standards of older people and how they are shaped by pension systems, proceeds with an overview of recent pension reforms and concludes by analysing the main challenges to the adequacy of future pensions and ways of tackling them. Among other issues, the report highlights the gender differences in pension entitlements, the pension adequacy of persons in non-standard or self-employment and the role of supplementary pensions.

Europe and South-East Asia: An Exercise in Diplomatic Patience 26 April 2018, 23:16 CET
Few of Europe's trading relations have faced such an inauspicious fate over so many intricate political complexities as the EU's relations with the countries of South-East Asia. The EU's bilateral negotiations with Singapore were concluded after four years of negotiations in October 2014, but the deal remains unsigned. Instead, the agreement was deferred to an opinion of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) - a decision which did not only leave the Government of Singapore nonplussed, but also unleashed the ongoing debate on the division of investment competences between the EU and its members.

Assessing UK Trade Policy Readiness 19 April 2018, 17:30 CET
The UK is setting out on the path of an independent trade policy at a difficult time. Public interest in trade policy has never been greater, with US political rejection of a trade agreement negotiated by their government the prime example of the challenge of successfully pursuing a long-term strategy. The UK has a tradition of outward-oriented economic policy, but trade agreements are seen by many as a problem. Trade policy always has the potential for controversy. Domestic and international interests ask for the protection or promotion of their interests, and this is not fully possible, not least given some are contradictory. Successfully managing these trade-offs is at the heart of effective trade policy.

Under watchful eyes - biometrics, EU IT-systems and fundamental rights 28 March 2018, 17:50 CET
Europe's migration and security challenges have prompted the European Union (EU) to develop and enhance multiple large-scale information technology systems (IT systems). Policy and legal developments in this area are evolving rapidly. The European Commission has proposed amending the legal bases for Eurodac and the Schengen Information System (SIS II), and is expected to propose amending the Visa Information System (VIS) in 2018. In addition, four new systems are planned: the Entry-Exit System (EES), the European Travel Information and Authorisation System (ETIAS), the European Criminal Records Information System for Third-Country Nationals (ECRIS-TCN), and, most crucially, an IT system that seeks to ensure interoperability across existing and planned systems. Such systems provide invaluable support to border management efforts, but also have wide-ranging fundamental rights implications. The persons affected – including both regular travellers and persons who may be in situations of vulnerability - typically do not fully understand the implications of the use of such systems.

Assessing the exposure of EU27 regions and cities to the UK's withdrawal from the European Union - European Committee of the Regions 22 March 2018, 13:13 CET
The European Committee of the Regions (CoR) published a report on 20 March detailing the consequences of Brexit on trade and the economy in the EU27 regions and cities. Based heavily on data gathered from a joint survey with EUROCHAMBRES, the report reveals a lack of awareness, information and preparation and recommends greater flexibility in state aid rules and inter-regional cooperation. The CoR and EUROCHAMBRES conducted a survey of regional and city authorities and chambers of commerce to feed into a process of analysing and debating the exposure of EU27 regions and cities to Brexit.

The Resilience of Students with an Immigrant Background 20 March 2018, 21:26 CET
Migration flows are profoundly changing the composition of classrooms. Results from the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) reveal that in 2015, almost one in four 15-year-old students in OECD countries reported that they were either foreign-born or had at least one foreign-born parent. Between 2003 and 2015, the share of students who had either migrated or who had a parent who had migrated across international borders grew by six percentage points, on average across OECD countries. The Resilience of Students with an Immigrant Background: Factors that Shape Well-being reveals some of the difficulties students with an immigrant background encounter and where they receive the support they need. The report provides an in-depth analysis of the risk and protective factors that can undermine or promote the resilience of immigrant students. It explores the role that education systems, schools and teachers can play in helping these students integrate into their communities, overcome adversity, and build their academic, social, emotional and motivational resilience.

The Trump tariffs on steel and aluminium: the end of the WTO? 13 March 2018, 15:37 CET
There is no doubt that the recent announcement by the U.S. Administration of tariff hikes on steel and aluminium, justified on national security grounds, presents the real threat of an extremely damaging tit-for-tat trade war. If the tariffs are challenged at the WTO, there is the unwelcome prospect of the WTO having to rule on whether the U.S.'s "essential security interests", taken in time of an "emergency in international relations", constitute a justification of the measures under Article XXI of the GATT ("Security Exceptions").

A multi-dimensional approach to disinformation - Report of the independent High level Group on fake news and online disinformation 12 March 2018, 23:45 CET
In its report, the EU's High-Level Expert Group on Fake News and Disinformation spread online suggests a definition of the phenomenon and makes a series of recommendations. The independent experts advocate for a Code of Principles that online platforms and social networks should commit to.

2018 Report on equality between women and men in the EU 08 March 2018, 23:56 CET
The Commission is marking International Women's Day with the publication of a new report on equality between men and women, which shows the major achievements and progress made last year in EU legislation, actions and funding possibilities.

Information Disorder : Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making 27 February 2018, 15:46 CET
This report published by the Council of Europe examines the way in which dis-information campaigns have become widespread and, heavily relying on social media, contribute to a global media environment of information disorder. Whilst acknowledging that the direct and indirect impacts of "information pollution" are difficult to quantify, the report provides a conceptual framework and a structure for dialogue about information disorder by policymakers, legislators and researchers. It contains 35 recommendations to relevant stakeholders such as technology companies, national governments, media, civil society, and education ministries to help them identify suitable strategies to address the phenomenon. The report was commissioned by the Council of Europe in response to the growing concerns in EU member states about the long-term implications of dis-information campaigns that are designed specifically to sow mistrust and confusion, and to sharpen existing sociocultural divisions by exploiting nationalistic, ethnic, racial and religious tensions.

Legal Responses to Transnational and International Crimes - Towards an Integrative Approach 22 February 2018, 22:42 CET
This book critically reflects on the relationship between ‘core crimes’ which make up the subject matter jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, and aggression) and transnational crimes. The contributions in the book address the features of several transnational crimes and generally acknowledge that the boundaries between core crimes and transnational crimes are blurring. One of the major questions is whether, in view of this gradual merger of the categories, the distinction in legal regime is still warranted. Should prosecution and trial of transnational crimes be transferred from national to international jurisdictions?

Digital Companies and Their Fair Share of Taxes: Myths and Misconceptions 20 February 2018, 18:45 CET
Some (large) EU governments are making the case for digital companies to pay “their fair share of tax”. The key underlying assumption is that companies in the digital space are not doing so right now, and that there is a substantial source of untaxed profits that is waiting for the embrace of the taxman. The European Commission is now considering new revenue taxes on those companies that under some definition can be called “digital corporations”. In this paper, we provide a critical assessment of the underlying reasoning of the European Commission and those EU governments that currently are in favour of targeted taxes on digital revenues. There is indeed a good case to make for fair taxation and that uneven effective tax rates can distort competition and lead to smaller tax revenues. However, those that are calling for higher taxes on one particular group of firms – digital corporations – have yet to present the evidence for why that is motivated by principles of tax fairness. The selective focus on the world’s “top 100 companies by market capitalisation” and the world’s “top 5 e-commerce companies” does not reflect the reality of the international business landscape, and therefore conveys a highly misleading picture about European and international companies’ profit margins and effective corporate tax rates. Moreover, real world financial data show that the average corporate tax rates of many digital companies actually exceed the European Commission’s “hypothetical" estimates for the EU by about 20 to 50 percentage points. Ideas to slap a targeted tax on digital revenues clash with the EU’s top policy priorities for the digital economy. It is therefore remarkable that such taxes even are considered. A tax on digital revenues would not only stand in opposition to tax efficiency and neutrality; it would also undermine digitalisation, European integration, and the Digital Single Market.

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Libcast’s Online Video Platform in the limelight at BETT 2015 28 January 2015, 16:17 CET
Libcast of France will be showcasing its Online Video Platform at BETT 2015 in London, in January. The specialist company’s innovative and versatile solution enables users to host, manage and broadcast lectures live or in streaming mode. With 200,000 users, Libcast’s technology has already been chosen by many universities and schools, including leading colleges in France and Norway.

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