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Guides on the EU Trade policy.
The EU's Trade Relationship with China by Ina Dimireva — last modified 08 July 2011, 15:52 CET
China is the single most important challenge for EU trade policy. China has re-emerged as the world's third economy and the biggest exporter in the global economy, but also an increasingly important political power. EU-China trade has increased dramatically in recent years. China is now the EU's 2nd trading partner behind the USA and the EU's biggest source of imports by far. The EU is also China's biggest trading partner.
The EU's Trade Relationship with Russia by Ina Dimireva — last modified 08 July 2011, 17:08 CET
The European Union and the Russian Federation have a strong trade relationship. Bilateral trade and investments continue to grow rapidly. Russia is one of the EU's key trading partners and trade between the two economies has showed steep growth rates until mid 2008. This trend was interrupted by the economic crisis and the unilateral measures adopted by Russia which have affected our bilateral trade.
EU requests WTO consultations on Chinese export restrictions on raw materials - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 23 June 2009, 16:05 CET
China applies export restrictions - quotas and export duties - on key raw materials. The European Commission says these restrictions distort competition and increase global prices, as some of these resources cannot be found elsewhere. Downstream industries in China therefore have access to cheaper materials than their competitors outside China. That is not a level playing field, and the EU and U.S. have asked for consultations with China at the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
Trade Barriers Regulation report on US Internet gambling laws - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 10 June 2009, 23:50 CET
The European Commission published on 10 June a report on US laws on remote gambling and their enforcement against EU companies. This report is the outcome of an investigation into United States measures affecting foreign suppliers of Internet gambling services. The report concludes that the US measures constitute an obstacle to trade that is inconsistent with WTO rules. As a result, WTO proceedings would be justified. At the same time, the report suggests that the issue should be addressed with the US Administration, with a view to finding a negotiated solution.
EU - US provisional agreement in beef dispute - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 06 May 2009, 23:49 CET
Today the European Commission and the United States agreed in principle on a way forward in the long-running dispute over hormone-treated beef.
EU-US Trade and Investment - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 18 March 2009, 23:12 CET
Facts and figures on Trade and Investment between the European Union and the United States.
European trade strengths in a changing global economy - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 28 October 2008, 12:42 CET
A report published on 27 October 2008 by the European Commission has assessed the competitiveness of the European Union in the global economy at the end of a decade of rapid economic change. Since the mid-1990s, there has been a major redistribution of market share between emerging and developed countries and among developed countries themselves. In this highly competitive environment, the EU has broadly maintained its world market share, while the US and Japan have lost ground. The EU remains the world's biggest exporter of manufactured goods, and dominates markets for high-quality products. The report warns, however, that the EU needs to focus on investment in its high-technology manufacturing and continue to improve its market share in the fast growing economies of Asia. The report reinforces the economic arguments behind the launch of the European Commission's Global Europe trade policy framework in 2006.
EU - Caribbean Economic Partnership Agreement - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 15 October 2008, 22:19 CET
The European Union and countries of the Caribbean region have today signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) which will strengthen ties between the two regions and promote regional integration in the Caribbean. The EPA is the first genuinely comprehensive North-South trade and development agreement in the global economy. It includes a package of measures to stimulate trade, investment and innovation, and to promote sustainable development, build a regional market among Caribbean countries and help eliminate poverty.
EU-China trade in facts and figures by EUbusiness — last modified 23 September 2008, 15:04 CET
China is now the third biggest national exporter in the global economy after Germany and the US. China now accounts for about 8 % of all imports and 12% of all exports in world trade in goods. More than half of China's exports are currently capitalised by foreign companies. Most of this capitalisation comes from neighbouring Asian companies in Japan and South Korea. 8% of it is European.
Information Technology Agreement (ITA) by EUbusiness — last modified 15 September 2008, 21:21 CET
The European Commission presented on 15 September at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) its proposal to update and expand the Information Technology Agreement (ITA), an existing trade deal between some of the world's biggest trade powers that lowers the cost of IT products. The proposal would take account of new products that have entered the market since the agreement was originally concluded in 1996, eliminating customs duties for these goods. Further points considered are tackling non-tariff barriers "behind the border", as well as the problems caused by the non-functioning of some of the mechanisms and procedures provided for in the current ITA. The Commission hopes that other WTO members will engage in discussions in the near future.
Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) 2009-2011 - guide by EUbusiness — last modified 24 July 2008, 22:00 CET
The Generalised System of Preferences scheme - The GSP is an autonomous trade arrangement through which the EU provides non-reciprocal preferential access to the EU market to 176 developing countries and territories, in the form of reduced tariffs for their goods when entering the EU market.
EU-Mediterranean Trade by EUbusiness — last modified 02 July 2008, 16:38 CET
Trade relations between the EU and the neighbouring Southern Mediterranean (MED) countries are governed by the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (also referred to as the Barcelona Process), which was launched in November 1995. The partner countries are Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and the Palestinian Authority, as well as Turkey.
EU-US Trade and Investment by EUbusiness — last modified 10 June 2008, 21:07 CET
The European Union and the United States form the largest bilateral trade partnership in the world if you look at goods and services combined. Goods trade alone in 2007 amounted to over EUR 440 billion.
2007 customs seizures of counterfeit goods - guide by EUbusiness — last modified 19 May 2008, 13:20 CET
Statistics just published by the European Commission relating to counterfeit and piracy show a significant increase in customs activity last year. In 2007, customs registered over 43,000 cases of fake goods seized at the EU's external border, compared to 37,000 in 2006. This results notably from improved cooperation between customs and industry, enabling customs to better target suspected shipments and to recognize counterfeit goods. Despite this, the number of articles seized decreased from last year's peak of 128 million articles to around 79 million. This is due to a growing number of seizures involving smaller quantities of counterfeit and pirated articles. However, cigarettes and clothing continue to be faked in large quantities and there has been a worrying increase in sectors that are potentially dangerous to consumers (medicines, electrical equipment, personal care products).
EU - Latin America / Caribbean trade facts and figures by EUbusiness — last modified 14 May 2008, 23:27 CET
The EU is the second economic partner for Latin America-Caribbean region. Bilateral trade amounts around EUR 160 billion annually. In 2007 the EU represented around 14% of Latin American exports. For the Caribbean the EU is even more important as an export destination with 19% of products shipped to the EU. These numbers are constantly rising.
Counterfeiting and Piracy conference, 13 May 2008 - guide by EUbusiness — last modified 13 May 2008, 23:59 CET
The High Level Conference on Counterfeiting and Piracy has been organised by the European Commission, with the aim of providing a platform for Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) and major stakeholders, representing business, public administrations and civil society, to discuss the most important aspects of counterfeiting and piracy, exchange views and experiences and explore possible practical measures to enhance the fight against counterfeiting and piracy.
EU - Japan trade statistics 2007 by EUbusiness — last modified 21 April 2008, 18:28 CET
Between 2000 and 2007, EU27 exports of goods to Japan fell slightly in value, from 45.5 bn euro to 43.7 bn, while EU27 imports from Japan decreased by 15%, from 92.1 bn to 77.9 bn.
EU trade relations with Australia by EUbusiness — last modified 02 April 2008, 18:36 CET
The EU is Australia's main trading partner. Trade between the two continues to grow steadily. Australian exports to the EU are mainly agricultural products. Australia is the 20th largest trading partner of the EU in the world.
Chinese treatment of foreign financial information providers - EU WTO request by EUbusiness — last modified 03 March 2008, 23:19 CET
The European Union has formally requested consultations at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) over measures that affect the operation of foreign financial information suppliers in China. China has prevented foreign suppliers of financial information services from providing their services directly to their clients. They are now required to operate through an agent that is a branch of Xinhua itself. Moreover, Xinhua has recently launched a financial information service in direct competition with foreign suppliers. The European Commission had tried to solve the issue through cooperation and dialogue, but without success. The United States has also requested consultations at the WTO over this issue.
Common framework for the marketing of products - guide by EUbusiness — last modified 21 February 2008, 23:10 CET
The European Parliament on 21 February 2008 adopted a broad package of measures to facilitate the functioning of the EU's internal market for goods. This will make it easier for companies, particularly for small and medium-sized enterprises, to sell their products in the EU whilst increasing the protection of consumers. For industrial products, existing market surveillance systems will be strengthened and, for the first time, aligned with import controls. Accreditation has also been introduced. This is a formal system which may now be used to ensure that conformity assessment bodies (or testing and certification laboratories) provide the high quality services that manufacturers need. The introduction of these measures serves to reinforce the role and credibility of CE marking. Improvements are also proposed for the trade with goods which do not fall under EU-legislation. From now on it will also be the duty of an EU Member State that intends to refuse market access for products that are legally marketed in other Member States to talk to the enterprise and to give detailed objective reasons for any possible refusal. This is intended to create new benefits for entrepreneurs as well as helping consumers broaden their choice. It is expected that the Council of the EU will approve the package of measures soon, so that it can enter into force next year.