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Guides on the EU Trade policy.
Common rules for EU exports by Ina Dimireva — last modified 01 December 2009, 19:24 CET
This Regulation establishes common rules for exports from the European Community (EC) based on the principle of freedom of export and to define the procedures enabling the Community to implement, where necessary, the surveillance and protective measures required.
Free Trade Agreement with South Korea - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 15 October 2009, 15:25 CET
European businesses have for some time asked for better terms of access to key Asian markets. Responding to these calls, EU Member States authorised the Commission to negotiate new ambitious Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with India, Korea and ASEAN countries. In April 2007 EU Member States authorised the Commission to negotiate an ambitious and comprehensive FTA with South Korea. After eight rounds of formal negotiations the two sides have today initialled the agreement.
Turkey Investment Climate 2009 by Ina Dimireva — last modified 15 October 2009, 16:33 CET
The Government of Turkey (GOT) views foreign direct investment as vital to the country's economic development and prosperity. Accordingly, Turkey has one of the most liberal legal regimes for FDI in the OECD. With the exception of some sectors (see below), areas open to the Turkish private sector are generally open to foreign participation and investment. However, all investors – regardless of nationality – face a number of challenges: excessive bureaucracy, a slow judicial system, high taxes, weaknesses in corporate governance, sometimes unpredictable decisions made at the local government level, and frequent changes in the legal and regulatory environment.
The Euro and International Financial Markets by Ina Dimireva — last modified 02 October 2009, 21:31 CET
The euro is a key global currency which has an important role in international financial markets. It is used widely by third-country governments and private actors worldwide as a currency of choice for their reserves, their borrowing and for trade.
New vision for EU-Latin America relations - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 30 September 2009, 18:21 CET
The European Commission has presented a renewed policy designed to strengthen the EU-Latin America strategic partnership. With its Communication "EU-Latin America: Global Players in Partnership", the Commission assesses the state of play of the bi-regional relationship and outlines the targets and objectives for the coming years. In view of the next EU-Latin America/Caribbean Summit to be held in Spain in spring 2010, it identifies and provides new orientations and policy recommendations to tackle challenges affecting both regions, such as climate change, the economic and financial crisis, energy security, and migration. Furthermore, the Communication proposes the setting up of the Latin America Investment Facility (LAIF) which would have a leverage effect to mobilise resources from financial institutions to finance projects in energy infrastructure, including energy efficiency and renewable energy systems, transport, environment and social cohesion.
Financing for Development by Ina Dimireva — last modified 02 October 2009, 22:28 CET
The 2002 Monterrey Consensus is the partnership between developed and developing countries to find ways of financing development that will meet the Millennium Development Goals. The EU, which provides over half of all official development assistance worldwide, made a number of commitments to achieve this consensus.
Policy Coherence for Development by Ina Dimireva — last modified 02 October 2009, 22:28 CET
When exploring ways to accelerate progress towards achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG), the European Union (EU) considers how non-aid policies can assist developing countries in attaining the MDGs. The EU activity in this field is not only a key political commitment in the context of the MDGs, but also has a firm legal basis in the Treaty establishing the European Community (Article 178).
Free Movement of Goods in the EU by Ina Dimireva — last modified 23 July 2009, 09:32 CET
The principle of free movement of goods is one of the cornerstones of the internal market. This principle implies that national barriers to the free movement of goods within the EU be removed.
Trade and Development: the Doha Development Agenda by Ina Dimireva — last modified 20 July 2009, 12:10 CET
The agenda of the Doha Round is much broader than past global trade negotiations and is specifically targeted at addressing the needs of developing countries.
The EU and the WTO by Ina Dimireva — last modified 20 July 2009, 12:07 CET
The WTO and the multilateral trading system are the core focus for EU trade policy. The EU believes that a system of global rules is the best way to ensure that trade between countries is fair and open.
The EU's Generalised System of Preferences by Ina Dimireva — last modified 20 July 2009, 11:46 CET
The EU's Generalised System of Preferences is a trade arrangement through which the EU provides preferential access to the EU market to 176 developing countries and territories, in the form of reduced tariffs for their goods when entering the EU market.
The EU-ACP Trade Relations by Ina Dimireva — last modified 21 July 2009, 12:09 CET
Economic Partnership Agreements: A New Approach in trade relations between the European Union and the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Countries (ACP).
The EU's Trade Relationship with the United States by Ina Dimireva — last modified 08 July 2011, 17:17 CET
The European Union and the United States have the largest bilateral trade relationship in the world. The size and importance of these trade ties make the EU and the US the key players in the global trading system.
The EU's Trade Relationship with Japan by Ina Dimireva — last modified 08 July 2011, 16:02 CET
As a highly developed economy and major global trader and investor, Japan is an important partner for the EU. Japan is the world's third largest national economy, accounting for around 1.9% of the world population and around 9% of world GDP.
The EU's Trade Relationship with Turkey by Ina Dimireva — last modified 20 July 2009, 12:20 CET
The EU and Turkey are linked by a Customs Union agreement, which came in force on 31 December 1995, pursuant to the 1963 EU-Turkey Association Agreement, which aims at promoting trade and economic relations. The Customs Union is ambitious but does not cover essential economic areas, such as agriculture, to which bilateral trade concessions apply, services or public procurement. Turkey has been a candidate country since 1999.
The EU's Trade Relationship with China by Ina Dimireva — last modified 08 July 2011, 15:52 CET
China is the single most important challenge for EU trade policy. China has re-emerged as the world's third economy and the biggest exporter in the global economy, but also an increasingly important political power. EU-China trade has increased dramatically in recent years. China is now the EU's 2nd trading partner behind the USA and the EU's biggest source of imports by far. The EU is also China's biggest trading partner.
The EU's Trade Relationship with Russia by Ina Dimireva — last modified 08 July 2011, 17:08 CET
The European Union and the Russian Federation have a strong trade relationship. Bilateral trade and investments continue to grow rapidly. Russia is one of the EU's key trading partners and trade between the two economies has showed steep growth rates until mid 2008. This trend was interrupted by the economic crisis and the unilateral measures adopted by Russia which have affected our bilateral trade.
EU requests WTO consultations on Chinese export restrictions on raw materials - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 23 June 2009, 16:05 CET
China applies export restrictions - quotas and export duties - on key raw materials. The European Commission says these restrictions distort competition and increase global prices, as some of these resources cannot be found elsewhere. Downstream industries in China therefore have access to cheaper materials than their competitors outside China. That is not a level playing field, and the EU and U.S. have asked for consultations with China at the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
Trade Barriers Regulation report on US Internet gambling laws - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 10 June 2009, 23:50 CET
The European Commission published on 10 June a report on US laws on remote gambling and their enforcement against EU companies. This report is the outcome of an investigation into United States measures affecting foreign suppliers of Internet gambling services. The report concludes that the US measures constitute an obstacle to trade that is inconsistent with WTO rules. As a result, WTO proceedings would be justified. At the same time, the report suggests that the issue should be addressed with the US Administration, with a view to finding a negotiated solution.
EU - US provisional agreement in beef dispute - briefing by EUbusiness — last modified 06 May 2009, 23:49 CET
Today the European Commission and the United States agreed in principle on a way forward in the long-running dispute over hormone-treated beef.