Key EU terms: O22 February 2010
by Ina Dimireva -- last modified 22 February 2010
A list of key EU legal terminology: O
United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention. Established in 1997, it consists of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP).
A training, information, study and exchange of activities to improve effective cooperation between Member State administrations in the area of asylum, external border crossings and immigration policy (1998-2002 programming period expired funding programme).
The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development is an international organisation, which aims to foster economic prosperity. All EU Member States are OECD members.
An EU programme running from 1997 to 2002, which seeks to enhance cooperation between police and customs authorities. Key targets are drugs, terrorism and cybercrime.
European Anti-Fraud Office. Established in 1999 as an independent investigation service within the Commission to investigate fraud damaging to the Community's interests. Its tasks also include detection and monitoring of fraud in the customs field.
The European Ombudsman is a Community body appointed by the European Parliament to handle complaints concerning instances of maladministration in the activities of the Community institutions or bodies (with the exception of the Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance). Any citizen of the Union or any natural or legal person residing in a Member State can complain to the Ombudsman.
Involves groups of criminals, usually acting with a financial incentive e.g. traffickers in drugs and human beings.
Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe - A pan-European organisation for early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management, and post-conflict rehabilitation in Europe.
Source: European Commission - Justice and Home Affairs