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11 December 2014, 22:12 CET offers a selection of publications on the European Union, EU legislation and European affairs. Get listed! Listing costs GBP 75 for an entry on this page. Phone +44 (0)20 7193 7242 or email

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Eurofound Programming document 2017–2020 05 January 2017, 13:48 CET
This programming document describes Eurofound's planned work over the programming period 2017–2020. It sets out the policy and institutional context for the programme, describes the multi-annual programme for the four-year period and sets out the work programme for 2017. The multi-annual programme is based on six strategic areas of intervention, in which the Agency will implement a series of activities. These 10 activities are described in more detail in the work programme for 2017, including the objectives, outputs, expected results, indicators and resources for each activity. A series of annexes provides further information on the Agency relevant to the programme.

What Will Happen to U.S. Trade Policy When Trump Runs the Zoo? - ECIPE Occasional Paper 03/2016 20 December 2016, 17:52 CET
What kind of political animals will be making U.S. trade policy in the Trump administration? The tone of the campaign suggests that the president-elect will act like a bull in the China shop, but his bellicose roars may instead presage a subtler strategy; it is also possible that his own business interests will influence the direction of U.S. policy. His abandonment of free trade and other Republican orthodoxies will force members of that party to decide whether to act like principled elephants or obedient sheep, even while Democrats choose between being opportunistic jackasses or stubborn mules. And in deciding where to direct its trade negotiations, the Trump administration may aim not just for big game like the United Kingdom and Japan, but could also have a few black swans in its sights. These might include such surprising partners as India, Taiwan, the Philippines, MERCOSUR, and perhaps even Russia.

Approaches to the labour market integration of refugees and asylum seekers - Eurofound 16 December 2016, 17:20 CET
This report expands on existing research on the labour market integration of refugees and asylum seekers as a response to the refugee crisis. It updates information on legislation and practical arrangements in the first half of 2016, examines labour market integration in the broader context of receiving asylum seekers and supporting both them and refugees, and explores the role of the social partners. The study finds that the main countries affected made many efforts to provide faster and easier access to their labour markets for asylum seekers. In some, the social partners have been active in designing more effective labour market integration policies and have launched some promising initiatives. The sudden and large inflow of asylum seekers, however, posed many challenges, and it remains to be seen how those obstacles can be overcome.

Factsheet: A European Agenda on Security - state of play December 2016 09 December 2016, 11:50 CET
Security has been a constant theme since the beginning of this Commission's mandate from EC president Juncker's Guidelines of July 2014 to the latest State of the Union address of September 2016. The European Agenda on Security guides the Commission's work in this area, setting out the main actions to ensure an effective EU response to terrorism and security threats in the European Union. President Juncker also created a specific Commissioner portfolio for the Security Union to ensure an effective implementation of the commitments made.

Manufacturing Discontent: The Rise to Power of Anti-TTIP Groups - ECIPE OCCASIONAL PAPER 02/2016 01 December 2016, 15:26 CET
Old beliefs, new symbols, new faces. In 2013, a small group of German green and left- wing activists, professional campaign NGOs and well-established protectionist organisations set up deceptive communication campaigns against TTIP, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership between the European Union and the United States. Germany’s anti-TTIP NGOs explicitly aimed to take German-centred protests to other European countries. Their reasoning is contradictory and logically inconsistent. Their messages are targeted to serve common sense protectionist demands of generally ill-informed citizens and politicians. Thereby, anti-TTIP communication is based on metaphoric messages and far-fetched myths to effectively evoke citizens’ emotions. Together, these groups dominated over 90 percent of online media reporting on TTIP in Germany.

Free movement of Europeans - Taking stock of a misunderstood right 24 November 2016, 18:45 CET
The free movement of persons within the European Union is often the subject of debate. Preconceived ideas are deeply rooted in the collective imagination, such as the Polish plumber exploiting the directive on posted workers, or poor citizens who exercise their right to free movement solely in order to obtain another Member State’s social benefits, commonly referred to as "social tourism". This Study by Martina Menghi, lawyer at the Rome Bar, and Jérôme Quéré, President of the Jeunes Européens-France, has the great merit of taking the heat out of a debate often divided between its enthusiastic defenders and its sworn opponents. It presents and analyses the EU law in order to determine what is truth and what is fiction, while giving figures on the nature and the magnitude of free movement in Europe.

Health at a Glance: Europe 2016 - State of Health in the EU Cycle (OECD-EU) 23 November 2016, 20:34 CET
As a first step in the European Commission's State of Health in the EU cycle, the Health at a Glance: Europe 2016 report was published in November 2016. Developed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) with cooperation from the Commission, this publication provides updated analysis of the health status of EU citizens and the performance of health systems. Apart from various chapters with statistical indicators of 35 European countries, the 2016 report includes two cross-cutting chapters on political priorities: the labour market impacts of behavioural risk factors and related chronic diseases, and the strengthening of primary care systems. The Health at a Glance: Europe series gauges progress towards effective, accessible and resilient health systems. The report provides a neutral, descriptive comparison on the basis of transparent indicators.

Cumulative economic impact of future trade agreements on EU agriculture 16 November 2016, 23:52 CET
The European Commission (Joint Research Centre working together with DG AGRI) has carried out an analysis of the potential cumulative impact of ongoing and upcoming trade negotiations on the EU agricultural sector, announced by Commissioner Hogan at the Agriculture Council meeting of 15 February 2016. The study anticipates significant gains for the EU dairy and pig meat sectors - two sectors which have struggled in recent years and which are now showing signs of recovery. On the other hand, the study shows vulnerabilities for beef and rice, both in terms of trade effects and a decline in producer prices. However, the simulations used do not take account of the systematic use of limited tariff rate quotas (TRQs) used by the EU to protect vulnerable sectors in trade deals. Possible gains for important products having significant export potential - like fruit and vegetables, wine, olive oil and processed foods in general (accounting for 70% of EU agri-food export value) - could not be quantified in detail nor the gains of improved protection for Geographical Indications.

Taxation trends in the European Union 2016 14 November 2016, 22:45 CET
More than ever, tax policies and are under scrutiny, not only for their impact on businesses and the economy, but also for their effects on public finances, public services and ordinary citizens. To develop good tax policies, and to better understand existing policies, it is essential to have high quality data and comparable information about tax systems. This is the aim of ‘Taxation Trends in the European Union’ which provides an overview of trends in taxation revenues, tax structures and reforms over recent years. ’Taxation Trends in the EU’ presents taxation data and information for the twenty-eight Member States, Iceland and Norway. The 2016 edition is bigger than last year’s report due to the re-introduction of several popular elements which featured in earlier editions.

Trends and projections in Europe 2016 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets 08 November 2016, 23:18 CET
The 2016 edition of the annual report from the European Environment Agency, Trends and projections in Europe, provides an updated assessment of the progress of the EU and European countries towards their climate mitigation and energy targets.

Introduction to EU Energy Law 03 November 2016, 23:29 CET
Offering an introduction to students on the most essential elements of EU energy law and policy, this volume will be the go-to text for those seeking knowledge of EU energy regulation and its objectives, as well as an overview of energy law. Specific topics will cover the content of sector-specific energy regulation, the application and impact of general EU law on energy markets, third party access, unbundling, investment in cross-border networks, energy trading and market supervision, the application of general EU competition law on energy markets, the impact of free movement provisions, and the application of state aid rules. A structured, step by step guide through the fundamental areas of EU energy law.

The future of European Gas Markets: Balancing act between decarbonisatoin and security of supply: 1 (Energy Scenario's and Policy) 03 November 2016, 23:20 CET
Gas represents a pivotal element of the European energy architecture. New elements such as the evolution of the EU Energy Union, the international climate agreement reached at COP-21, the EU-Russia gas relations in the aftermath of the Ukraine crisis and the supply potential emerging in the Eastern Mediterranean, are rapidly reshaping the European gas markets. This book seeks to provide an insight on these developments, with the ultimate aim of contributing to the current European gas debate by providing a balancing act between two issues, decarbonisation of the European energy system and security of gas supply, that are usually conceived as different and unmatched but that represent, in reality, the two sides of the same coin.

Trans fatty acids in Europe: where do we stand? 26 October 2016, 23:16 CET
Trans fatty acids (TFA) are a particular type of unsaturated fatty acid. They are naturally present in food products made from ruminant animals such as dairy and meat from cattle, sheep or goat (naturally occurring ruminant TFA or rTFA) but can also be produced industrially (TFA of industrial origin or iTFA). Consumption of TFA is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) states that ‘TFA intakes should be as low as is possible within the context of a nutritionally adequate diet'. Denmark was the first country to adopt legislation limiting the content of TFA in foods in 2003. Since 2003, Switzerland (2008), Austria (2009), Iceland (2011), Hungary (2013) and Norway (2014) have legislation in place and now also limit the content of TFA in foodstuffs. EU legislation does not regulate the content of TFA in foodstuffs nor does it require its labelling.The European Parliament and the Council have however requested as part of the recent Regulation (EC) No1169/11 on the provision of food information to consumers that the European Commission (EC) reports on ‘the presence of trans fats in foods and in the overall diet of the Union population’. It is expected that the results can inform further decisions on introducing, at European level, ‘appropriate means that could enable consumers to make healthier food and overall dietary choices or that could promote the provision of healthier food options to consumers, including, among others, the provision of information on trans fats to consumers or restrictions on their use’. This report is a first step in addressing this request. The analysis of the most recent publicly available data confirms reported reduction of TFA in foods but also shows that there are still a number of foods with high levels of TFA (above 2g TFA per 100g of fat) in some European food markets. Results from dietary surveys also indicate that although the overall population TFA intake is below the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended maximum of 1 E% there are subpopulations exceeding the recommended threshold. As long as products with high TFA content remain in the food market, it is possible that individuals may consume more than the recommended maximum. As it stands, there appears to be room for improvement of the European situation as regards the presence of iTFA in foodstuffs.

European Medicines Agency user guide for SMEs 20 October 2016, 13:46 CET
The guide aims to support SMEs to better understand the EU legislative framework relating to medicines and the requirements for the development and authorisation of medicines for human or veterinary use. SMEs often have limited experience with regulatory procedures and the guide provides an overview of data requirements to support a marketing authorisation, as well as the regulatory tools available to facilitate medicines’ development. The guide, which follows the chronological stages of developing a medicine, has been completely revised to clarify existing sections.

The gender employment gap: Challenges and solutions - Eurofound 13 October 2016, 14:15 CET
Women's labour market participation in the European Union has increased over recent decades, passing 70% in 2014. In that year, women comprised almost 46% of the active EU labour market population. Nevertheless, women’s employment and participation rates are still lower than those of men in almost all Member States. Fostering higher participation of women is crucial to meet the Europe 2020 target to achieve an overall employment rate of at least 75% by 2020. This report explores the main characteristics and consequences of gender gaps in labour market participation. It finds that the total cost of a lower female employment rate was €370 billion in 2013, corresponding to 2.8% of EU GDP. The report also examines policies and measures aimed at fostering female labour market participation, which could be central to closing gender gaps.

Employment and Social Developments in Europe - Quarterly Review - Autumn 2016 12 October 2016, 01:01 CET
This review confirms the strengthening of employment growth in the EU observed over the last two and a half years. Employment increased in almost all Member States (except for Croatia, which registered a small decline, and in Finland where it stagnated). Unemployment is at its lowest rate (8.6%) since March 2009, with 1.6 million (0.7 pp) fewer unemployed people in the EU compared to last year.

Brexit: How Britain left Europe 05 October 2016, 23:08 CET
HOW COULD THIS HAVE HAPPENED? On 23 June 2016, UK voters elected to leave the European Union. The result was perhaps the biggest bombshell in modern British political history. In this new and updated edition of Denis MacShanes bestselling history of the UKs relationship with Europe, the former Europe Minister reveals the full story behind Britains historic EU Referendum decision. Denis MacShane was the only senior Remainer to have called the EU Referendum result correctly and his book provides the essential context to the new political and economic landscape of Brexit Britain.

The Political Economy of European Banking Union 05 October 2016, 23:01 CET
The establishment of Banking Union represents a major development in European economic governance and European integration history more generally. Banking Union is also significant because not all European Union (EU) member states have joined, which has increased the trend towards differentiated integration in the EU, posing a major challenge to the EU as a whole and to the opt-out countries. This book is informed by two main empirical questions. Why was Banking Union - presented by proponents as a crucial move to 'complete' Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) - proposed only in 2012, over twenty years after the adoption of the Maastricht Treaty? Why has a certain design for Banking Union been agreed and some elements of this design prioritized over others? A two-step explanation is articulated in this study. First, it explains why euro area member state governments moved to consider Banking Union by building on the concept of the 'financial trilemma', and examining the implications of the single currency for euro area member state banking systems. Second, it explains the design of Banking Union by examining the preferences of member state governments on the core components of Banking Union and developing a comparative political economy analysis focused on the configuration of national banking systems and varying national concern for the moral hazard facing banks and sovereigns created by euro level support mechanisms.

Deepening EU-Ukrainian Relations: What, Why and How? 05 October 2016, 22:55 CET
This handbook explains in readily comprehensible language what the new Association Agreement and its Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the European Union and Ukraine means in legal, political and economic terms. This treaty is a milestone in the history of Ukraine's place in Europe, and definitively marks the country's post-Soviet independence. It is also a new model treaty for the EU's relations with its closest neighbours.

Sustainable work throughout the life course: National policies and strategies 29 September 2016, 21:06 CET
European countries face the challenges of ageing populations supported by shrinking workforces, more precarious types of employment, and in many cases, a decreasing number of jobs in the wake of the economic crisis. As a result, the issue of how to enable more people to participate in the labour market and to continue to do so until an older age has become a key policy issue in all EU Member States. These challenges might be met by adopting an approach to work that puts sustainability at its centre. Sustainable work means that ‘living and working conditions are such that they support people in engaging and remaining in work throughout an extended working life’. This study analyses national policies that help to achieve sustainable work in 10 EU Member States. It looks at how these policies are being implemented, whether they are integrated into a coherent framework, and whether they are complementary or contradictory.

Shaping Europe: 50 ideas for a better future - EYE report 2016 08 September 2016, 13:54 CET
The European Youth Event (EYE) took place in the European Parliament seat in Strasbourg from 20-21 May 2016. It was a unique opportunity for thousands of young Europeans to make their voices heard. During the event, they exchanged ideas and perspectives on youth-related issues, developed innovative solutions to crucial questions for the future and met with European decision-makers and speakers with a wide range of professional experience. As follow-up, a report with the ideas discussed during the event will be made available in September 2016 to all Members of the European Parliament. As well, former EYE participants will have the opportunity to present the most concrete ideas produced by young people to a number of parliamentary committees and receive feedbacks from Members.

Changes in remuneration and reward systems - Eurofound 06 September 2016, 13:36 CET
Performance-related pay and employee reward systems in Europe are often unevenly distributed among different groups of workers; particularly benefiting men, highly-skilled and highly ranked workers. Without robust monitoring and transparency, supplementary employee reward systems could potentially exacerbate pre-existing pay inequalities. This is according to Eurofound's new report Changes in remuneration and rewards systems.

Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) 2015 annual report 26 August 2016, 18:43 CET
The Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) 2015 annual report, published today, demonstrates the increased efficiency with which RASFF exchanges information on issues posing a serious health risk.

The Economic Outlook after the UK Referendum: A First Assessment for the Euro Area and the EU 19 July 2016, 21:17 CET
The economic outlook after the UK referendum: Commission publishes a first assessment for the euro area and the EU. European Economy Institutional Papers are reports and communications from the European Commission to the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament on the economy and economic developments.

In Defence of Europe: Can the European Project Be Saved? 07 July 2016, 22:32 CET
Europe has not been so weak and divided for a long time. Buffeted by a succession of crises, it has shown a strong collective survival instinct but a poor capacity to deliver. In times when the tectonic plates are shifting and tension between global markets and national democracies is rising, can Europe hold together, under what termsand indeed for what purpose? The euro crisis has left big scars and is not over yet. Economic divergence has grown between and within countries, leading in turn to political fragmentation and the rise of populism. And growth remains slow, fragile, and uneven. Europe is in a bind: it is difficult to go forwards and scary to go backwards. In between, it is an unhappy and unstable state of affairs. Looking further afield, a more assertive Russia and an imploding neighbourhood may not even allow Europe the luxury to decline in grace. A convinced European and familiar with the world of Brussels, Loukas Tsoukalis is critical of the way Europe has handled its multiple crises in recent years. He addresses the key issues and difficult choices facing Europe today. Can Europe collectively manage globalization, combine growth with inclusive societies, and reconcile its apparent yearning for soft power with the often hard reality of the world outside? Individual countries cannot handle these challenges on their own. While knowing full well the difficulties in reaching a common European stance, Tsoukalis is also acutely aware of the consequences of failure.

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Libcast’s Online Video Platform in the limelight at BETT 2015 28 January 2015, 16:17 CET
Libcast of France will be showcasing its Online Video Platform at BETT 2015 in London, in January. The specialist company’s innovative and versatile solution enables users to host, manage and broadcast lectures live or in streaming mode. With 200,000 users, Libcast’s technology has already been chosen by many universities and schools, including leading colleges in France and Norway.

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