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- The future of European Gas Markets: Balancing act between decarbonisatoin and security of supply: 1 (Energy Scenario's and Policy) — 03 November 2016, 23:20 CET
Gas represents a pivotal element of the European energy architecture. New elements such as the evolution of the EU Energy Union, the international climate agreement reached at COP-21, the EU-Russia gas relations in the aftermath of the Ukraine crisis and the supply potential emerging in the Eastern Mediterranean, are rapidly reshaping the European gas markets. This book seeks to provide an insight on these developments, with the ultimate aim of contributing to the current European gas debate by providing a balancing act between two issues, decarbonisation of the European energy system and security of gas supply, that are usually conceived as different and unmatched but that represent, in reality, the two sides of the same coin.
- Trans fatty acids in Europe: where do we stand? — 26 October 2016, 23:16 CET
Trans fatty acids (TFA) are a particular type of unsaturated fatty acid. They are naturally present in food products made from ruminant animals such as dairy and meat from cattle, sheep or goat (naturally occurring ruminant TFA or rTFA) but can also be produced industrially (TFA of industrial origin or iTFA). Consumption of TFA is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) states that ‘TFA intakes should be as low as is possible within the context of a nutritionally adequate diet'. Denmark was the first country to adopt legislation limiting the content of TFA in foods in 2003. Since 2003, Switzerland (2008), Austria (2009), Iceland (2011), Hungary (2013) and Norway (2014) have legislation in place and now also limit the content of TFA in foodstuffs. EU legislation does not regulate the content of TFA in foodstuffs nor does it require its labelling.The European Parliament and the Council have however requested as part of the recent Regulation (EC) No1169/11 on the provision of food information to consumers that the European Commission (EC) reports on ‘the presence of trans fats in foods and in the overall diet of the Union population’. It is
expected that the results can inform further decisions on introducing, at European level, ‘appropriate means that could enable consumers
to make healthier food and overall dietary choices or that could promote the provision of healthier food options to consumers, including, among others, the provision of information on trans fats to consumers or restrictions on their use’. This report is a first step in addressing this request. The analysis of the most recent publicly available data confirms reported reduction of TFA in foods but also shows that there are still a number of foods with high levels of TFA (above 2g TFA per 100g of fat) in some European food markets. Results from dietary surveys also indicate that although the overall population TFA intake is below the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended maximum of 1 E% there are subpopulations exceeding the recommended threshold. As long as products with high TFA content remain in the food market, it is possible that individuals may consume more than the recommended maximum. As it stands, there appears to be room for improvement of the European situation as regards the presence of iTFA in foodstuffs.
- European Medicines Agency user guide for SMEs — 20 October 2016, 13:46 CET
The guide aims to support SMEs to better understand the EU legislative framework relating to medicines and the requirements for the development and authorisation of medicines for human or veterinary use. SMEs often have limited experience with regulatory procedures and the guide provides an overview of data requirements to support a marketing authorisation, as well as the regulatory tools available to facilitate medicines’ development. The guide, which follows the chronological stages of developing a medicine, has been completely revised to clarify existing sections.
- The gender employment gap: Challenges and solutions - Eurofound — 13 October 2016, 14:15 CET
Women's labour market participation in the European Union has increased over recent decades, passing 70% in 2014. In that year, women comprised almost 46% of the active EU labour market population. Nevertheless, women’s employment and participation rates are still lower than those of men in almost all Member States. Fostering higher participation of women is crucial to meet the Europe 2020 target to achieve an overall employment rate of at least 75% by 2020. This report explores the main characteristics and consequences of gender gaps in labour market participation. It finds that the total cost of a lower female employment rate was €370 billion in 2013, corresponding to 2.8% of EU GDP. The report also examines policies and measures aimed at fostering female labour market participation, which could be central to closing gender gaps.
- Employment and Social Developments in Europe - Quarterly Review - Autumn 2016 — 12 October 2016, 01:01 CET
This review confirms the strengthening of employment growth in the EU observed over the last two and a half years. Employment increased in almost all Member States (except for Croatia, which registered a small decline, and in Finland where it stagnated). Unemployment is at its lowest rate (8.6%) since March 2009, with 1.6 million (0.7 pp) fewer unemployed people in the EU compared to last year.
- Brexit: How Britain left Europe — 05 October 2016, 23:08 CET
HOW COULD THIS HAVE HAPPENED? On 23 June 2016, UK voters elected to leave the European Union. The result was perhaps the biggest bombshell in modern British political history. In this new and updated edition of Denis MacShanes bestselling history of the UKs relationship with Europe, the former Europe Minister reveals the full story behind Britains historic EU Referendum decision. Denis MacShane was the only senior Remainer to have called the EU Referendum result correctly and his book provides the essential context to the new political and economic landscape of Brexit Britain.
- The Political Economy of European Banking Union — 05 October 2016, 23:01 CET
The establishment of Banking Union represents a major development in European economic governance and European integration history more generally. Banking Union is also significant because not all European Union (EU) member states have joined, which has increased the trend towards differentiated integration in the EU, posing a major challenge to the EU as a whole and to the opt-out countries. This book is informed by two main empirical questions. Why was Banking Union - presented by proponents as a crucial move to 'complete' Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) - proposed only in 2012, over twenty years after the adoption of the Maastricht Treaty? Why has a certain design for Banking Union been agreed and some elements of this design prioritized over others?
A two-step explanation is articulated in this study. First, it explains why euro area member state governments moved to consider Banking Union by building on the concept of the 'financial trilemma', and examining the implications of the single currency for euro area member state banking systems. Second, it explains the design of Banking Union by examining the preferences of member state governments on the core components of Banking Union and developing a comparative political economy analysis focused on the configuration of national banking systems and varying national concern for the moral hazard facing banks and sovereigns created by euro level support mechanisms.
- Deepening EU-Ukrainian Relations: What, Why and How? — 05 October 2016, 22:55 CET
This handbook explains in readily comprehensible language what the new Association Agreement and its Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the European Union and Ukraine means in legal, political and economic terms. This treaty is a milestone in the history of Ukraine's place in Europe, and definitively marks the country's post-Soviet independence. It is also a new model treaty for the EU's relations with its closest neighbours.
- Sustainable work throughout the life course: National policies and strategies — 29 September 2016, 21:06 CET
European countries face the challenges of ageing populations supported by shrinking workforces, more precarious types of employment, and in many cases, a decreasing number of jobs in the wake of the economic crisis. As a result, the issue of how to enable more people to participate in the labour market and to continue to do so until an older age has become a key policy issue in all EU Member States. These challenges might be met by adopting an approach to work that puts sustainability at its centre. Sustainable work means that ‘living and working conditions are such that they support people in engaging and remaining in work throughout an extended working life’. This study analyses national policies that help to achieve sustainable work in 10 EU Member States. It looks at how these policies are being implemented, whether they are integrated into a coherent framework, and whether they are complementary or contradictory.
- Shaping Europe: 50 ideas for a better future - EYE report 2016 — 08 September 2016, 13:54 CET
The European Youth Event (EYE) took place in the European Parliament seat in Strasbourg from 20-21 May 2016. It was a unique opportunity for thousands of young Europeans to make their voices heard. During the event, they exchanged ideas and perspectives on youth-related issues, developed innovative solutions to crucial questions for the future and met with European decision-makers and speakers with a wide range of professional experience. As follow-up, a report with the ideas discussed during the event will be made available in September 2016 to all Members of the European Parliament. As well, former EYE participants will have the opportunity to present the most concrete ideas produced by young people to a number of parliamentary committees and receive feedbacks from Members.
- Changes in remuneration and reward systems - Eurofound — 06 September 2016, 13:36 CET
Performance-related pay and employee reward systems in Europe are often unevenly distributed among different groups of workers; particularly benefiting men, highly-skilled and highly ranked workers. Without robust monitoring and transparency, supplementary employee reward systems could potentially exacerbate pre-existing pay inequalities. This is according to Eurofound's new report Changes in remuneration and rewards systems.
- Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) 2015 annual report — 26 August 2016, 18:43 CET
The Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) 2015 annual report, published today, demonstrates the increased efficiency with which RASFF exchanges information on issues posing a serious health risk.
- The Economic Outlook after the UK Referendum: A First Assessment for the Euro Area and the EU — 19 July 2016, 21:17 CET
The economic outlook after the UK referendum: Commission publishes a first assessment for the euro area and the EU. European Economy Institutional Papers are reports and communications from the European Commission to the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament on the economy and economic developments.
- In Defence of Europe: Can the European Project Be Saved? — 07 July 2016, 22:32 CET
Europe has not been so weak and divided for a long time. Buffeted by a succession of crises, it has shown a strong collective survival instinct but a poor capacity to deliver. In times when the tectonic plates are shifting and tension between global markets and national democracies is rising, can Europe hold together, under what termsand indeed for what purpose?
The euro crisis has left big scars and is not over yet. Economic divergence has grown between and within countries, leading in turn to political fragmentation and the rise of populism. And growth remains slow, fragile, and uneven.
Europe is in a bind: it is difficult to go forwards and scary to go backwards. In between, it is an unhappy and unstable state of affairs. Looking further afield, a more assertive Russia and an imploding neighbourhood may not even allow Europe the luxury to decline in grace.
A convinced European and familiar with the world of Brussels, Loukas Tsoukalis is critical of the way Europe has handled its multiple crises in recent years. He addresses the key issues and difficult choices facing Europe today. Can Europe collectively manage globalization, combine growth with inclusive societies, and reconcile its apparent yearning for soft power with the often hard reality of the world outside?
Individual countries cannot handle these challenges on their own. While knowing full well the difficulties in reaching a common European stance, Tsoukalis is also acutely aware of the consequences of failure.
- Churchill on Europe: The Untold Story of Churchill's European Project — 07 July 2016, 22:26 CET
'When the Nazi power was broken, I asked myself what was the best advice I could give to my fellow citizens here in this island and across the channel in our ravaged continent. There was no difficulty in answering the question. My counsel to Europe can be given in a single word: Unite!'Sir Winston Churchill in 1947After the Second World War, with Europe in ruins, the victorious Winston Churchill swore to build a peace that would last.Together with a group of thinkers and politicians, Churchill began to build the institutions and the political will that would eventually lead to what we now know as the European Union.He believed in a united Europe, and wanted Britain to play a leading role. This book, based in part on new evidence, reveals his vision: Britain as a leading member of the European family. On the 23rd June this book asks us all to think carefully: what would Churchill have done?
- Financial Repression and the Debt Build-up in China: Is There a Way Out? — 07 July 2016, 13:44 CET
China's old recipe book for economic success, based on market distorting policies, is hindering the process toward a market-driven economy and the chance of being granted Market Economy Status (MES). The consequences of policy passivity may derail China into the middle income trap and pose severe uncertainty to global markets. As China’s debt keeps mounting, particularly due to financial repression, mere domestic monetary reform may not be enough and may further harness the transition. Given China’s fiscal and financial space, prudent fiscal policy, along with an acceleration in domestic economic reforms, can improve the social safety net, promote consumer confidence and spending and may be the most effective way to balance the China’s economy and make its finances stable.
- European law relating to access to justice - Handbook — 22 June 2016, 17:21 CET
Access to justice is an important element of the rule of law. It enables individuals to protect themselves against infringements of their rights, to remedy civil wrongs, to hold executive power accountable and to defend themselves in criminal proceedings. This handbook summarises the key European legal principles in the area of access to justice, focusing on civil and criminal law. The handbook seeks to raise awareness of the relevant legal standards set by the European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe, particularly through the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights. The handbook is designed to serve as a practical guide for lawyers, judges and other legal practitioners involved in litigation in the EU and in Council of Europe member states, as well as for individuals who work for non-governmental organisations and other entities that deal with the administration of justice.
- What do Europeans do at work? A task-based analysis: European Jobs Monitor 2016 — 22 June 2016, 16:27 CET
Europe has begun to emerge from the prolonged slump caused by the global financial crisis in 2008 and exacerbated by the euro zone single-currency crisis in 2010–2011. In 2014–2015, aggregate employment levels rose faster than at any time since 2008: over four million new jobs were created in the EU28. This, the fifth annual European Jobs Monitor report, looks at 2011 Q2–2015 Q2 employment shifts at Member State and aggregate EU level. A ‘jobs-based’ approach is used to describe employment shifts quantitatively (how many jobs were created or destroyed) and qualitatively (what kinds of jobs). It also introduces a new set of indicators on the task content, methods and tools used at work. Derived from international databases on work and occupations, these indicators give a detailed account of what Europeans do at work and how they do it. They also provide valuable new insights on the structural differences and recent evolution of European labour markets, as well as a better understanding of labour input in the production process and the changing nature of skills required.
- Antimicrobial Resistance - Special Eurobarometer 445 — 16 June 2016, 16:47 CET
As part of the EU strategy to fight antimicrobial resistance, this survey was carried out in April 2016 and tracks progress on public use of and knowledge about antibiotics in the 28 Member States. Topics covered include: reported consumption in the last year, public knowledge about antibiotics, impact of information received from healthcare providers and media, perceptions of the most appropriate policy response to antibiotic resistance and attitudes towards the use of antibiotics in agriculture and the environment. Previous surveys on the same topic were published in 2010 and 2013.
- Schuman Report on Europe, State of the Union 2016 — 15 June 2016, 15:49 CET
2016, how can Europe remain united? Should it not change its software? Answers are put forward in the 10th edition of the Schuman Report, an annual work of reference offering: an original source of analysis and proposal, backed by high requirements of rigour and quality; a complete overview of European policies. This book also includes: a complete file - a round up and outlook of Europe and the challenges of migration and asylum; a summary of political and legal Europe (electoral power relations in the Member States, state of the public opinion, political and economic representation of women); 31 original maps and a unique series of commented statistics on major, topical economic themes: globalisation, public finance, financial stability, growth and employment. The most eminent personalities and the best experts have chosen to contribute their opinion: Jean-Pierre Raffarin, Wolfgang Schaeuble, Philippe Maystadt, Sergei Guriev, Alain Lamassoure, David McAllister, Pierre Vimont, Fabrice Leggeri, Claudia Major, Simon Serfaty, Pascal Perrineau,... More than ever before The Schuman Report 2016 on the State of the Union is a vital tool to understand European issues.
- EU-OSHA's Annual report 2015: adapting to change and the risks and challenges this brings — 14 June 2016, 12:41 CET
The annual report 2015 outlines all of EU-OSHA's activities in the year. The highlights included the first findings of its flagship survey, the second edition of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER-2); the main results of its pilot project on older workers, 'Safer and healthier work at any age'; an evaluation of the Online interactive Risk Assessment (OiRA) project and the release of the new OiRA interface; and the Healthy Workplaces Summit for the 2014-15 Manage Stress campaign, the most successful campaign to date.
- The UK Referendum - and the Future of the European Project - ECIPE Policy Brief — 09 June 2016, 20:34 CET
It is on the pocketbook issues that Britain’s Remain campaign has chosen to take its stand. For weeks, it has bombarded the public with warnings and research purporting to show that Brexit would take a toll on economic growth, living standards, public services and even property prices. International institutions such as the International Monetary Fund, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and the World Bank, along with government leaders around the world, have chimed in with statements that Britain would be worse off outside the EU.
It is still unclear how far such arguments will sway the undecided voters who will determine that outcome of the referendum, in the face of Leave’s focus on the more emotive issue of curbing immigration. It is also indicative of the difficulty of arguing a positive case for staying in the EU that so few in the Remain campaign try very hard to make it. Furthermore, Remain needs to overcome wider public disaffection with and mistrust of, not just EU institutions, but establishment politics at national level as well.
A similar popular mood is spreading across much of the rest of Europe. A UK vote for Brexit would strengthen the growing populist and nationalist forces in the EU that want their countries to leave it and even to dismantle the European Project altogether. What makes that challenge so powerful is that Europe’s leaders, under rising pressure from insurgent parties at home, have few ideas about how to respond to them. There are fundamental problems at the heart of the European Project. But there is a serious shortage of realistic solutions, still less a political consensus on what they should be.
- European Drug Report 2016 — 02 June 2016, 00:43 CET
The health risks of high-potency products, the continued emergence of new substances, and changing patterns of drug use are among the issues highlighted in the European Drug Report 2016: Trends and Developments. The report also examines concern over rises in overdose deaths in some countries and the threats posed by internet drug markets.
- Eurofound yearbook 2015: Living and working in Europe — 01 June 2016, 23:21 CET
Eurofound celebrated the 40th anniversary of its founding in 2015. In 1975, the then European Community set up the Agency, charging it with the task of contributing to the planning and design of better living and working conditions in Europe. The social policy agenda and priorities may have changed over those 40 years, but Eurofound’s mission throughout has been constant: to support policymakers to develop the best solutions to the social- and work-related challenges faced by the European Union. This celebratory year for Eurofound proved to be another year of upheaval for Europe, with the surge of refugees in unprecedented numbers widening the political fractures opened by the economic crisis. Yet the need to address disparities, to improve social cohesion, and to regain the path to social and economic convergence has not receded, and it is here that Eurofound makes its presence felt.
- European Ombudsman Annual Report 2015 — 31 May 2016, 10:42 CET
Chapter 1 - 2015 at a glance
Chapter 2 - Key topics
2.2 Transparency in EU decision-making
2.3 Lobbying transparency
2.4 Ethical issues
2.5 Fundamental rights
2.6 EU competition policy
2.7 Public participation in EU decision-making
2.8 EU agencies
Chapter 3 - 20th Anniversary of the Ombudsman’s office
Chapter 4 - Relations with EU institutions
4.1 European Parliament
4.2 Committee on Petitions
4.3 European Commission
4.4 Other EU institutions and agencies
4.5 UN Disability Rights Convention
Chapter 5 - European Network of Ombudsmen
Chapter 6 - Resources
6.2 Use of resources
6.3 Team behind the Ombudsman
Chapter 7 - Type and source of complaints
Chapter 8 - Against whom?
Chapter 9 - About what?
Chapter 10 - Results achieved
Chapter 11 - How we handle cases
Improved case-handling procedures
Chapter 12 - Compliance with the Ombudsman’s proposals
Contained Smart Folders:
- Libcast’s Online Video Platform in the limelight at BETT 2015 — 28 January 2015, 16:17 CET
Libcast of France will be showcasing its Online Video Platform at BETT 2015 in London, in January. The specialist company’s innovative and versatile solution enables users to host, manage and broadcast lectures live or in streaming mode. With 200,000 users, Libcast’s technology has already been chosen by many universities and schools, including leading colleges in France and Norway.