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11 December 2014, 21:12 CET

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Reforming Services: What Policies Warrant Attention? - ECIPE Policy Brief No. 1/2017 26 June 2017, 23:25 CET
Economic growth in the European Union has been low for more than a decade now. While some of the poor performance can be explained by the crisis, the sustained low growth is to a very large extent the consequence of sluggish productivity performance. Productivity is above all an indicator of a society’s long-term welfare and measures how effective we are at using our scarce resources in the economy. Therefore, it is critically important – and any reform effort should focus on boosting growth through higher productivity growth. The recent Services Package – a set of proposals to support Europe’s services sector – is a case in point. It has long been established that rates of productivity growth in Europe’s services sector trails the rates in the United States and other comparable economies. As the economy increasingly gets dependent on services, the risk for Europe is that the natural economic transformation will weigh down our productivity growth. Obviously, any services reform aiming at delivering growth should start from the policy barriers that hold back growth and a greater degree of economic dynamism. Few, however, do. The type of restrictive policy measures in the EU vary across different services sectors – and, hence, what is the right policy priority for one country may not be right for the other. Yet, when looking at some services policy developments in Europe more closely, some patterns do become clear. Those should now be the focus of policy reform.

EU referendum: one year on 23 June 2017, 10:54 CET
The UK’s vote to leave the EU has given birth to new political identities, say the University of Kent’s Professor Richard Whitman and Professor Matthew Goodwin in a new report for The UK in a Changing Europe. The report, entitled EU referendum: one year on, was commissioned by the Political Studies Association and demonstrates how the referendum has produced new political allegiances based on the Leave-Remain divide.

Living and working in Europe 2016 22 June 2017, 23:14 CET
Living and working in Europe, Eurofound’s 2016 yearbook, provides a snapshot of developments and trends in the work and lives of Europeans as described in the research activities of Eurofound over 2016. Despite the strains on the European Union – slow economic recovery, rising euro-scepticism and the UK vote to leave the EU – Eurofound’s work reported much good news for its citizens in 2016. Full-time, permanent employment rose across all pay categories; the gender employment gap is narrowing and policy could narrow it further; working conditions have improved across many dimensions; more options around retirement are opening up for older workers; and many Member States have solid measures to ease the plight of asylum-seekers. While social developments, work and employment undeniably present challenges, Eurofound contributes to the EU’s capacity to address them through well-thought-out, evidenced-based policies. The yearbook is accompanied by the Consolidated annual activity report of the Authorising Officer for 2016, which is the Agency’s formal reporting on operations, staff and budgets - see Related content.

Legal Aspects of Brexit: Implications of the United Kingdom's Decision to Withdraw from the European Union 22 June 2017, 13:38 CET
In Legal Aspects of Brexit, Georgetown Law professors Jennifer Hillman and Gary Horlick present an overview of many of the legal issues raised by the United Kingdom's decision to withdraw from membership in the EU, with a particular focus on international trade issues

Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe: Academic Staff - 2017 15 June 2017, 22:51 CET
The higher education sector has experienced profound changes in recent years. Student numbers have continued to increase, while the sector has diversified and experienced significant structural changes, such as new funding arrangements, and new quality assurance systems. The challenges for academic staff have also been growing. Staffs are responsible for teaching ever greater numbers of students, undertaking research, and responding to growing societal needs, while academic jobs become more competitive, and job security more tenuous. Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe: Academic Staff – 2017 explores the current realities for academic staff within this changing higher education landscape. The report focuses on the qualification requirements for academic staff, the recruitment process, employment and working conditions in academia, the impact of external quality assurance, and top level strategies for internationalisation. It also includes national diagrams showing key characteristics of academic staff categories. The report is based mainly on qualitative data gathered by the Eurydice Network, covering higher education systems in 35 countries. The data collection focused on academic higher education staff who are primarily responsible for teaching and/or research. In addition, quantitative data from Eurostat and the European Education Tertiary Register (ETER) are also used, as well as information gathered from surveys developed for this report to academic staff Trade Unions and Quality Assurance agencies.

Unleashing Demons: The Inside Story of Brexit 14 June 2017, 00:17 CET
Published on the anniversary of Brexit, David Cameron's Director of Politics and Communications, Craig Oliver takes us behind the scenes of the EU referendum. Craig Oliver's account of his time as David Cameron's Director of Communications in Downing Street during the EU referendum will almost certainly prove to be the most important document for understanding what happened and why it all ended as it did. Oliver has managed the difficult trick of being frank as well as loyal, and his words have a remarkable immediacy. I found his book utterly fascinating, and I suspect that every historian of the period will regard it as indispensable to appreciating this extraordinary phase in our history. (John Simpson) Part memoir, part diary, this is one of the most vivid, frank and exciting inside accounts to have been written for years. It points its forensic beam into the inner sanctums of power during one of the most crucial episodes in British history since the war. Stunning and highly readable. It will make uncomfortable reading for a few, but hugely enlightening and enjoyable reading for the many. (Anthony Seldon) Wish you could have been a fly on the wall of Number 10 during the EU referendum campaign? No need. This is the compelling insider's account of the man who was at the centre of the Downing Street web as David Cameron took the decisions which led to Britain voting to leave the EU. (Nick Robinson) A gripping fly-on-the-wall account of the frenzy in Downing Street during the EU campaign. (Robert Peston)

European Drug Report 2017: Trends and Developments 07 June 2017, 00:11 CET
The Trends and Developments report presents a top-level overview of the drug phenomenon in Europe, covering drug supply, use and public health problems as well as drug policy and responses. Together with the online Statistical Bulletin, Country Drug Reports and Perspectives on Drugs, it makes up the 2017 European Drug Report package.

Circular by design - Products in the circular economy - EEA Report No 6-2017 06 June 2017, 15:48 CET
This report explores the circular economy from a product perspective, applying a systemic approach and transition theory. Drivers of product design and usage are discussed in the context of emerging consumption trends and business models. For governance to be effective, it has to address the product life-cycle and the societal context determining it. Indicators and assessment tools are proposed that can help fill the current data and knowledge gaps.

Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes 31 May 2017, 18:40 CET
A survey published by the European Commission on 30 May 2017, on the eve of World No Tobacco Day, shows no decrease in the overall smoking rate in the EU (26%) since 2014. Amongst people aged 15 to 24 the rate has increased from 25% in 2014 to 29% in 2017. Significant differences exist between EU countries, with the highest smoking rates in Greece (37%), Bulgaria, France (both 36%) and Croatia (35%). At 7%, Sweden has the lowest smoking rate in the EU. Regular e-cigarette use remains stable at 2%, with 15% having tried such products at some point.

Public access to Council documents 2016 report 24 May 2017, 14:56 CET
Over 350,000 documents are listed in the Council's register, and over 70 per cent of these are public and can be downloaded for free. That is one of the key points in the Council's 2016 report on access to documents which was approved by the Council on 22 May 2017. During 2016, 22 671 documents were added to the register, of which 71 per cent, or 16,181 documents, are public. The Council's public register was consulted around 380,000 times and attracted 9 per cent of the Council's website traffic.

European bathing water quality in 2016 - EEA report 23 May 2017, 23:45 CET
Every summer, European holiday resorts fill up with tourists eager to enjoy the warmer weather and the beautiful natural surroundings of this diverse continent. For many, the summer vacation is synonymous with swimming in the sea or in a lake, so it is natural that water quality is an important factor in choosing a destination. To help citizens make informed choices, the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Commission publish the annual European bathing water quality report. The information contained in this edition - which covers bathing water quality in 2016 in the EU Member States, Albania and Switzerland - indicates where good quality bathing water is likely to be found in 2017.

2016 Report on the Application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights 18 May 2017, 14:03 CET
The 2016 Report on the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, published by the European Commission on 18 May 2017, outlines initiatives taken in 2016 by the EU to strengthen fundamental rights for the benefit of people in the EU. It also looks at how these rights were applied across a range of EU policies and in the Member States in 2016. With the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union became legally binding. The provisions of the Charter are primarily addressed to the EU institutions and then to the national authorities only when they are implementing EU law.

Spring 2017 Economic Forecast 11 May 2017, 16:27 CET
The European economy has entered its fifth year of recovery, which is reaching all EU Member States. This is expected to continue at a largely steady pace this year and next as wages remain constrained by slack in the labour market and investment is held back by still high uncertainty and balance-sheet adjustment in the corporate and banking sectors.

Brexit: Why Britain Voted to Leave the European Union 27 April 2017, 23:51 CET
A new book co-authored by the University of Kent’s Professor Matthew Goodwin has provided the first comprehensive and objective study of the United Kingdom’s historic vote to leave the European Union. Through the book, Professor Goodwin and his co-authors Professor Harold D. Clarke and Professor Paul Whiteley show that, although arguments about national sovereignty were prominent themes in the Leave campaign, strong public concern over the large number of migrants entering the country was front and centre to the Leave victory. They also discuss how Boris Johnson in particular had a significant, positive effect on the vote to Leave, helping to mobilise ‘polite Eurosceptics’, and the significant effect of UK Independence Party (UKIP) leader Nigel Farage on the Leave vote. Their book, entitled Brexit – Why Britain Voted to Leave the European Union (Cambridge University Press, Published in the UK on May 4th), is based on extensive analysis of more than 10 years of survey data on more than 150,000 voters. It also draws on an innovative pre and post-referendum panel survey and a unique survey of UKIP members.

Blue Growth Strategy - Towards more sustainable growth and jobs in the blue economy 06 April 2017, 23:30 CET
The Report on the 'Blue Growth Strategy - Towards more sustainable growth and jobs in the blue economy' takes stock of developments in the blue economy, lists the achievements of the EU's Blue Growth Strategy and identifies remaining obstacles.

Renewable energy in Europe 2017: recent growth and knock-on effects - EEA report 04 April 2017, 00:15 CET
Addressing climate change requires a globally coordinated, long-term response across all economic sectors. The 2015 Paris Agreement provides the framework for limiting global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and for pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Early in this process, the European Union has adopted ambitious and binding climate and energy targets for 2020 and 2030. Member States have set the strategic objective of building an Energy Union, which aims to provide affordable, secure and sustainable energy (European Council, 2014) and which has a forward‑looking climate policy at its core (European Council, 2015). The most recent package of legislative measures, adopted by the European Commission in November 2016, aims to consolidate and match national climate and energy efforts, and facilitate the delivery of the 2030 targets for climate, energy efficiency and renewable energy sources (RES). This report provides information about progress in RES in 2014 at the EU, country, energy market sector and RES technology levels.

JRC Wind Energy Status Report - 2016 Edition 29 March 2017, 22:39 CET
This report presents the status and development of main market, technology and regulatory issues of onshore and offshore wind energy. Global installed capacity reaches a new record year after year. This intense growth is enabled by the strong and fast technological development of wind energy and new solutions and innovations that continuously emerge aiming to reduce the energy cost. As technology is becoming more competitive, policy support in EU Member States keeps adapting.

JRC Ocean Energy Status Report: 2016 Edition 29 March 2017, 22:37 CET
Assessment of the Ocean Energy status in 2016 This report presents the current status of major ocean energy technologies, focusing primarily on tidal stream and wave energy. Europe is the global leader in the development of ocean energy technologies, hosting most of global developers. Overall, sector is progressing towards the deployment of demonstration farms, and the policy scenario in the EU is helping shaping the industry

Rapid alert system for dangerous products 2016 report 16 March 2017, 17:39 CET
The European Commission's latest report on the Rapid Alert System for dangerous products shows that, in 2016, the system was more actively used by national authorities, who removed more dangerous products from stores.

The EU in 2016 - General Report - Activities of the European Union 16 March 2017, 15:32 CET
Do you want to know what the European Union achieved in 2016? What progress it made in delivering on its priorities? The measures it took to boost jobs, growth and investment? The ambition behind the newly-launched European Solidarity Corps? The good progress made on migration? The new trade partnership agreed with Canada? And how EU citizens benefited from the Union? You can find the answers to all these questions and more in The EU in 2016.

2017 Report on equality between women and men in the EU 08 March 2017, 16:50 CET
The Commission is marking International Women's Day with the publication of a new report on equality between men and women, which shows that EU legislation, guidelines, actions and funding possibilities are supporting noticeable but uneven progress in EU Member States.

EU guaranteed quality - Talk about tasty! : geographical indication marks help you rediscover authentic food 23 February 2017, 13:56 CET
The European Union protects European food heritage by highlighting its diversity and emphasising the qualities associated with the origin of its products.

Public procurement of food for health: technical report on the school setting 23 February 2017, 00:23 CET
The purpose of this document is to support EU Member States in translating their national school food standards related to health and nutrition into food procurement specifications. This is done by collecting the major obstacles experienced in real-life implementation and by sharing relevant examples from across Europe.

Child-friendly justice - Perspectives and experiences of children involved in judicial proceedings as victims, witnesses or parties in nine EU Member States 22 February 2017, 15:48 CET
Around 2.5 million children participate in judicial proceedings across the European Union (EU) every year, affected by parental divorce or as victims of, or witnesses to, crime. Although their effective participation in such proceedings is vital for improving the operation of justice, the treatment of children in justice systems remains a concern. FRA investigated to what extent children’s rights to be heard, to be informed, to be protected, and to non-discrimination are fulfilled in practice.

Working anytime, anywhere: The effects on the world of work 16 February 2017, 22:36 CET
New ILO-Eurofound report shows that the use of modern communication technologies facilitates a better overall work-life balance but, at the same time, also blurs the boundaries between work and personal life.

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Libcast’s Online Video Platform in the limelight at BETT 2015 28 January 2015, 16:17 CET
Libcast of France will be showcasing its Online Video Platform at BETT 2015 in London, in January. The specialist company’s innovative and versatile solution enables users to host, manage and broadcast lectures live or in streaming mode. With 200,000 users, Libcast’s technology has already been chosen by many universities and schools, including leading colleges in France and Norway.

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