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11 December 2014, 22:12 CET

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Eurofound News, Issue 7, July/August 2017 16 August 2017, 23:18 CET
This issue contains articles on: Findings in figures; Latest developments in flexible working arrangements and work-life balance; Changing employment trends post-crisis; News in brief; and Articles online.

Report on EU customs enforcement of intellectual property rights - results of the EU border 2016 20 July 2017, 18:18 CET
The European Commission's 2016 report on EU customs enforcement of intellectual property rights shows that customs authorities detained more than 41 million fake and counterfeit products at the EU's external border in 2016.

Employment and Social Developments in Europe: Annual Review 2017 17 July 2017, 23:03 CET
The 'Employment and social developments in Europe: 2017 review', published on 17 July 2017, shows positive trends but highlights high burden on the young.

Taxation Trends in the European Union - Data for the EU Member States, Iceland and Norway 11 July 2017, 15:35 CET
This report contains a detailed statistical and economic analysis of the tax systems of the 28 Member States of the European Union, plus Iceland and Norway which are members of the European Economic Area. In addition to the analysis of Europe-wide trends in Part 1, the report includes in Part 2 country chapters covering the 28 EU Member States, Iceland and Norway. For each country, key taxation indicators are provided on tax revenues as a percentage of GDP for the years 2003 to 2015. These are supplemented by factual tables presenting the latest tax reforms in each country. In Annex A, the reader can find more than 80 tables of the various taxation indicators, while Annex B contains a detailed description of the methodology used to calculate the indicators. The data in the report are presented within a unified statistical framework (the ESA 2010 system of national and regional accounts).

Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor - 2017 Edition 06 July 2017, 22:56 CET
The new Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor is a tool which provides comparable data on how European cities perform across nine dimensions – covering culture and creativity – and underlines how their performance contributes to cities' social development and economic growth and job creation. Developed by the European Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor will help policy makers as well as the cultural and creative sectors identify local strengths and areas for improvement, and learn from comparable cities. It also sheds light on the strong relationship between cultural vibrancy and various dimensions of a city's life, starting with its social diversity and its economic activity.

Monitoring the application of European Union law - 34th annual report 06 July 2017, 22:02 CET
Every year, the European Commission draws up an annual report on its monitoring of the application of EU law. In 2016, the Commission launched 986 new procedures by sending a letter of formal notice and issued 292 reasoned opinions. At the end of 2016, 1 657 infringement procedures remained open. The number of new late-transposition infringement cases increased sharply in 2016 (847) compared to 2015 (543).

China’s technology protectionism and its non-negotiable rationales 28 June 2017, 13:50 CET
China's restrictions on the internet and the ICT sector are tightening, with over 50 measures targeting this sector implemented just in the last decade. The rationale for these restrictions is not merely about shielding the country from foreign competition or security threats, but also to defer politically challenging reforms. Much of the rationale behind such digital protectionism is historically unprecedented and uniquely Chinese. This paper explores the policy framework applied to the digital sector in China. More often than not, China's digital mercantilism is interlinked with non-commercial objectives, such as public order, fiscal governance and national security, making them more difficult to reform or to negotiate. China's technology restrictions protract many economic and political reforms, but inaction also comes at a cost: Digitalisation is necessary to spur consumption, improve industrial productivity and revitalise the Chinese economy.

Reforming Services: What Policies Warrant Attention? - ECIPE Policy Brief No. 1/2017 26 June 2017, 23:25 CET
Economic growth in the European Union has been low for more than a decade now. While some of the poor performance can be explained by the crisis, the sustained low growth is to a very large extent the consequence of sluggish productivity performance. Productivity is above all an indicator of a society’s long-term welfare and measures how effective we are at using our scarce resources in the economy. Therefore, it is critically important – and any reform effort should focus on boosting growth through higher productivity growth. The recent Services Package – a set of proposals to support Europe’s services sector – is a case in point. It has long been established that rates of productivity growth in Europe’s services sector trails the rates in the United States and other comparable economies. As the economy increasingly gets dependent on services, the risk for Europe is that the natural economic transformation will weigh down our productivity growth. Obviously, any services reform aiming at delivering growth should start from the policy barriers that hold back growth and a greater degree of economic dynamism. Few, however, do. The type of restrictive policy measures in the EU vary across different services sectors – and, hence, what is the right policy priority for one country may not be right for the other. Yet, when looking at some services policy developments in Europe more closely, some patterns do become clear. Those should now be the focus of policy reform.

EU referendum: one year on 23 June 2017, 10:54 CET
The UK’s vote to leave the EU has given birth to new political identities, say the University of Kent’s Professor Richard Whitman and Professor Matthew Goodwin in a new report for The UK in a Changing Europe. The report, entitled EU referendum: one year on, was commissioned by the Political Studies Association and demonstrates how the referendum has produced new political allegiances based on the Leave-Remain divide.

Living and working in Europe 2016 22 June 2017, 23:14 CET
Living and working in Europe, Eurofound’s 2016 yearbook, provides a snapshot of developments and trends in the work and lives of Europeans as described in the research activities of Eurofound over 2016. Despite the strains on the European Union – slow economic recovery, rising euro-scepticism and the UK vote to leave the EU – Eurofound’s work reported much good news for its citizens in 2016. Full-time, permanent employment rose across all pay categories; the gender employment gap is narrowing and policy could narrow it further; working conditions have improved across many dimensions; more options around retirement are opening up for older workers; and many Member States have solid measures to ease the plight of asylum-seekers. While social developments, work and employment undeniably present challenges, Eurofound contributes to the EU’s capacity to address them through well-thought-out, evidenced-based policies. The yearbook is accompanied by the Consolidated annual activity report of the Authorising Officer for 2016, which is the Agency’s formal reporting on operations, staff and budgets - see Related content.

Legal Aspects of Brexit: Implications of the United Kingdom's Decision to Withdraw from the European Union 22 June 2017, 13:38 CET
In Legal Aspects of Brexit, Georgetown Law professors Jennifer Hillman and Gary Horlick present an overview of many of the legal issues raised by the United Kingdom's decision to withdraw from membership in the EU, with a particular focus on international trade issues

Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe: Academic Staff - 2017 15 June 2017, 22:51 CET
The higher education sector has experienced profound changes in recent years. Student numbers have continued to increase, while the sector has diversified and experienced significant structural changes, such as new funding arrangements, and new quality assurance systems. The challenges for academic staff have also been growing. Staffs are responsible for teaching ever greater numbers of students, undertaking research, and responding to growing societal needs, while academic jobs become more competitive, and job security more tenuous. Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe: Academic Staff – 2017 explores the current realities for academic staff within this changing higher education landscape. The report focuses on the qualification requirements for academic staff, the recruitment process, employment and working conditions in academia, the impact of external quality assurance, and top level strategies for internationalisation. It also includes national diagrams showing key characteristics of academic staff categories. The report is based mainly on qualitative data gathered by the Eurydice Network, covering higher education systems in 35 countries. The data collection focused on academic higher education staff who are primarily responsible for teaching and/or research. In addition, quantitative data from Eurostat and the European Education Tertiary Register (ETER) are also used, as well as information gathered from surveys developed for this report to academic staff Trade Unions and Quality Assurance agencies.

Unleashing Demons: The Inside Story of Brexit 14 June 2017, 00:17 CET
Published on the anniversary of Brexit, David Cameron's Director of Politics and Communications, Craig Oliver takes us behind the scenes of the EU referendum. Craig Oliver's account of his time as David Cameron's Director of Communications in Downing Street during the EU referendum will almost certainly prove to be the most important document for understanding what happened and why it all ended as it did. Oliver has managed the difficult trick of being frank as well as loyal, and his words have a remarkable immediacy. I found his book utterly fascinating, and I suspect that every historian of the period will regard it as indispensable to appreciating this extraordinary phase in our history. (John Simpson) Part memoir, part diary, this is one of the most vivid, frank and exciting inside accounts to have been written for years. It points its forensic beam into the inner sanctums of power during one of the most crucial episodes in British history since the war. Stunning and highly readable. It will make uncomfortable reading for a few, but hugely enlightening and enjoyable reading for the many. (Anthony Seldon) Wish you could have been a fly on the wall of Number 10 during the EU referendum campaign? No need. This is the compelling insider's account of the man who was at the centre of the Downing Street web as David Cameron took the decisions which led to Britain voting to leave the EU. (Nick Robinson) A gripping fly-on-the-wall account of the frenzy in Downing Street during the EU campaign. (Robert Peston)

European Drug Report 2017: Trends and Developments 07 June 2017, 00:11 CET
The Trends and Developments report presents a top-level overview of the drug phenomenon in Europe, covering drug supply, use and public health problems as well as drug policy and responses. Together with the online Statistical Bulletin, Country Drug Reports and Perspectives on Drugs, it makes up the 2017 European Drug Report package.

Circular by design - Products in the circular economy - EEA Report No 6-2017 06 June 2017, 15:48 CET
This report explores the circular economy from a product perspective, applying a systemic approach and transition theory. Drivers of product design and usage are discussed in the context of emerging consumption trends and business models. For governance to be effective, it has to address the product life-cycle and the societal context determining it. Indicators and assessment tools are proposed that can help fill the current data and knowledge gaps.

Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes 31 May 2017, 18:40 CET
A survey published by the European Commission on 30 May 2017, on the eve of World No Tobacco Day, shows no decrease in the overall smoking rate in the EU (26%) since 2014. Amongst people aged 15 to 24 the rate has increased from 25% in 2014 to 29% in 2017. Significant differences exist between EU countries, with the highest smoking rates in Greece (37%), Bulgaria, France (both 36%) and Croatia (35%). At 7%, Sweden has the lowest smoking rate in the EU. Regular e-cigarette use remains stable at 2%, with 15% having tried such products at some point.

Public access to Council documents 2016 report 24 May 2017, 14:56 CET
Over 350,000 documents are listed in the Council's register, and over 70 per cent of these are public and can be downloaded for free. That is one of the key points in the Council's 2016 report on access to documents which was approved by the Council on 22 May 2017. During 2016, 22 671 documents were added to the register, of which 71 per cent, or 16,181 documents, are public. The Council's public register was consulted around 380,000 times and attracted 9 per cent of the Council's website traffic.

European bathing water quality in 2016 - EEA report 23 May 2017, 23:45 CET
Every summer, European holiday resorts fill up with tourists eager to enjoy the warmer weather and the beautiful natural surroundings of this diverse continent. For many, the summer vacation is synonymous with swimming in the sea or in a lake, so it is natural that water quality is an important factor in choosing a destination. To help citizens make informed choices, the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Commission publish the annual European bathing water quality report. The information contained in this edition - which covers bathing water quality in 2016 in the EU Member States, Albania and Switzerland - indicates where good quality bathing water is likely to be found in 2017.

2016 Report on the Application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights 18 May 2017, 14:03 CET
The 2016 Report on the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, published by the European Commission on 18 May 2017, outlines initiatives taken in 2016 by the EU to strengthen fundamental rights for the benefit of people in the EU. It also looks at how these rights were applied across a range of EU policies and in the Member States in 2016. With the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union became legally binding. The provisions of the Charter are primarily addressed to the EU institutions and then to the national authorities only when they are implementing EU law.

Spring 2017 Economic Forecast 11 May 2017, 16:27 CET
The European economy has entered its fifth year of recovery, which is reaching all EU Member States. This is expected to continue at a largely steady pace this year and next as wages remain constrained by slack in the labour market and investment is held back by still high uncertainty and balance-sheet adjustment in the corporate and banking sectors.

Brexit: Why Britain Voted to Leave the European Union 27 April 2017, 23:51 CET
A new book co-authored by the University of Kent’s Professor Matthew Goodwin has provided the first comprehensive and objective study of the United Kingdom’s historic vote to leave the European Union. Through the book, Professor Goodwin and his co-authors Professor Harold D. Clarke and Professor Paul Whiteley show that, although arguments about national sovereignty were prominent themes in the Leave campaign, strong public concern over the large number of migrants entering the country was front and centre to the Leave victory. They also discuss how Boris Johnson in particular had a significant, positive effect on the vote to Leave, helping to mobilise ‘polite Eurosceptics’, and the significant effect of UK Independence Party (UKIP) leader Nigel Farage on the Leave vote. Their book, entitled Brexit – Why Britain Voted to Leave the European Union (Cambridge University Press, Published in the UK on May 4th), is based on extensive analysis of more than 10 years of survey data on more than 150,000 voters. It also draws on an innovative pre and post-referendum panel survey and a unique survey of UKIP members.

Blue Growth Strategy - Towards more sustainable growth and jobs in the blue economy 06 April 2017, 23:30 CET
The Report on the 'Blue Growth Strategy - Towards more sustainable growth and jobs in the blue economy' takes stock of developments in the blue economy, lists the achievements of the EU's Blue Growth Strategy and identifies remaining obstacles.

Renewable energy in Europe 2017: recent growth and knock-on effects - EEA report 04 April 2017, 00:15 CET
Addressing climate change requires a globally coordinated, long-term response across all economic sectors. The 2015 Paris Agreement provides the framework for limiting global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and for pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Early in this process, the European Union has adopted ambitious and binding climate and energy targets for 2020 and 2030. Member States have set the strategic objective of building an Energy Union, which aims to provide affordable, secure and sustainable energy (European Council, 2014) and which has a forward‑looking climate policy at its core (European Council, 2015). The most recent package of legislative measures, adopted by the European Commission in November 2016, aims to consolidate and match national climate and energy efforts, and facilitate the delivery of the 2030 targets for climate, energy efficiency and renewable energy sources (RES). This report provides information about progress in RES in 2014 at the EU, country, energy market sector and RES technology levels.

JRC Wind Energy Status Report - 2016 Edition 29 March 2017, 22:39 CET
This report presents the status and development of main market, technology and regulatory issues of onshore and offshore wind energy. Global installed capacity reaches a new record year after year. This intense growth is enabled by the strong and fast technological development of wind energy and new solutions and innovations that continuously emerge aiming to reduce the energy cost. As technology is becoming more competitive, policy support in EU Member States keeps adapting.

JRC Ocean Energy Status Report: 2016 Edition 29 March 2017, 22:37 CET
Assessment of the Ocean Energy status in 2016 This report presents the current status of major ocean energy technologies, focusing primarily on tidal stream and wave energy. Europe is the global leader in the development of ocean energy technologies, hosting most of global developers. Overall, sector is progressing towards the deployment of demonstration farms, and the policy scenario in the EU is helping shaping the industry

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Libcast’s Online Video Platform in the limelight at BETT 2015 28 January 2015, 16:17 CET
Libcast of France will be showcasing its Online Video Platform at BETT 2015 in London, in January. The specialist company’s innovative and versatile solution enables users to host, manage and broadcast lectures live or in streaming mode. With 200,000 users, Libcast’s technology has already been chosen by many universities and schools, including leading colleges in France and Norway.

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