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- The Economic Outlook after the UK Referendum: A First Assessment for the Euro Area and the EU — 19 July 2016, 21:17 CET
The economic outlook after the UK referendum: Commission publishes a first assessment for the euro area and the EU. European Economy Institutional Papers are reports and communications from the European Commission to the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament on the economy and economic developments.
- In Defence of Europe: Can the European Project Be Saved? — 07 July 2016, 22:32 CET
Europe has not been so weak and divided for a long time. Buffeted by a succession of crises, it has shown a strong collective survival instinct but a poor capacity to deliver. In times when the tectonic plates are shifting and tension between global markets and national democracies is rising, can Europe hold together, under what termsand indeed for what purpose?
The euro crisis has left big scars and is not over yet. Economic divergence has grown between and within countries, leading in turn to political fragmentation and the rise of populism. And growth remains slow, fragile, and uneven.
Europe is in a bind: it is difficult to go forwards and scary to go backwards. In between, it is an unhappy and unstable state of affairs. Looking further afield, a more assertive Russia and an imploding neighbourhood may not even allow Europe the luxury to decline in grace.
A convinced European and familiar with the world of Brussels, Loukas Tsoukalis is critical of the way Europe has handled its multiple crises in recent years. He addresses the key issues and difficult choices facing Europe today. Can Europe collectively manage globalization, combine growth with inclusive societies, and reconcile its apparent yearning for soft power with the often hard reality of the world outside?
Individual countries cannot handle these challenges on their own. While knowing full well the difficulties in reaching a common European stance, Tsoukalis is also acutely aware of the consequences of failure.
- Churchill on Europe: The Untold Story of Churchill's European Project — 07 July 2016, 22:26 CET
'When the Nazi power was broken, I asked myself what was the best advice I could give to my fellow citizens here in this island and across the channel in our ravaged continent. There was no difficulty in answering the question. My counsel to Europe can be given in a single word: Unite!'Sir Winston Churchill in 1947After the Second World War, with Europe in ruins, the victorious Winston Churchill swore to build a peace that would last.Together with a group of thinkers and politicians, Churchill began to build the institutions and the political will that would eventually lead to what we now know as the European Union.He believed in a united Europe, and wanted Britain to play a leading role. This book, based in part on new evidence, reveals his vision: Britain as a leading member of the European family. On the 23rd June this book asks us all to think carefully: what would Churchill have done?
- Financial Repression and the Debt Build-up in China: Is There a Way Out? — 07 July 2016, 13:44 CET
China's old recipe book for economic success, based on market distorting policies, is hindering the process toward a market-driven economy and the chance of being granted Market Economy Status (MES). The consequences of policy passivity may derail China into the middle income trap and pose severe uncertainty to global markets. As China’s debt keeps mounting, particularly due to financial repression, mere domestic monetary reform may not be enough and may further harness the transition. Given China’s fiscal and financial space, prudent fiscal policy, along with an acceleration in domestic economic reforms, can improve the social safety net, promote consumer confidence and spending and may be the most effective way to balance the China’s economy and make its finances stable.
- European law relating to access to justice - Handbook — 22 June 2016, 17:21 CET
Access to justice is an important element of the rule of law. It enables individuals to protect themselves against infringements of their rights, to remedy civil wrongs, to hold executive power accountable and to defend themselves in criminal proceedings. This handbook summarises the key European legal principles in the area of access to justice, focusing on civil and criminal law. The handbook seeks to raise awareness of the relevant legal standards set by the European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe, particularly through the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights. The handbook is designed to serve as a practical guide for lawyers, judges and other legal practitioners involved in litigation in the EU and in Council of Europe member states, as well as for individuals who work for non-governmental organisations and other entities that deal with the administration of justice.
- What do Europeans do at work? A task-based analysis: European Jobs Monitor 2016 — 22 June 2016, 16:27 CET
Europe has begun to emerge from the prolonged slump caused by the global financial crisis in 2008 and exacerbated by the euro zone single-currency crisis in 2010–2011. In 2014–2015, aggregate employment levels rose faster than at any time since 2008: over four million new jobs were created in the EU28. This, the fifth annual European Jobs Monitor report, looks at 2011 Q2–2015 Q2 employment shifts at Member State and aggregate EU level. A ‘jobs-based’ approach is used to describe employment shifts quantitatively (how many jobs were created or destroyed) and qualitatively (what kinds of jobs). It also introduces a new set of indicators on the task content, methods and tools used at work. Derived from international databases on work and occupations, these indicators give a detailed account of what Europeans do at work and how they do it. They also provide valuable new insights on the structural differences and recent evolution of European labour markets, as well as a better understanding of labour input in the production process and the changing nature of skills required.
- Antimicrobial Resistance - Special Eurobarometer 445 — 16 June 2016, 16:47 CET
As part of the EU strategy to fight antimicrobial resistance, this survey was carried out in April 2016 and tracks progress on public use of and knowledge about antibiotics in the 28 Member States. Topics covered include: reported consumption in the last year, public knowledge about antibiotics, impact of information received from healthcare providers and media, perceptions of the most appropriate policy response to antibiotic resistance and attitudes towards the use of antibiotics in agriculture and the environment. Previous surveys on the same topic were published in 2010 and 2013.
- Schuman Report on Europe, State of the Union 2016 — 15 June 2016, 15:49 CET
2016, how can Europe remain united? Should it not change its software? Answers are put forward in the 10th edition of the Schuman Report, an annual work of reference offering: an original source of analysis and proposal, backed by high requirements of rigour and quality; a complete overview of European policies. This book also includes: a complete file - a round up and outlook of Europe and the challenges of migration and asylum; a summary of political and legal Europe (electoral power relations in the Member States, state of the public opinion, political and economic representation of women); 31 original maps and a unique series of commented statistics on major, topical economic themes: globalisation, public finance, financial stability, growth and employment. The most eminent personalities and the best experts have chosen to contribute their opinion: Jean-Pierre Raffarin, Wolfgang Schaeuble, Philippe Maystadt, Sergei Guriev, Alain Lamassoure, David McAllister, Pierre Vimont, Fabrice Leggeri, Claudia Major, Simon Serfaty, Pascal Perrineau,... More than ever before The Schuman Report 2016 on the State of the Union is a vital tool to understand European issues.
- EU-OSHA's Annual report 2015: adapting to change and the risks and challenges this brings — 14 June 2016, 12:41 CET
The annual report 2015 outlines all of EU-OSHA's activities in the year. The highlights included the first findings of its flagship survey, the second edition of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER-2); the main results of its pilot project on older workers, 'Safer and healthier work at any age'; an evaluation of the Online interactive Risk Assessment (OiRA) project and the release of the new OiRA interface; and the Healthy Workplaces Summit for the 2014-15 Manage Stress campaign, the most successful campaign to date.
- The UK Referendum - and the Future of the European Project - ECIPE Policy Brief — 09 June 2016, 20:34 CET
It is on the pocketbook issues that Britain’s Remain campaign has chosen to take its stand. For weeks, it has bombarded the public with warnings and research purporting to show that Brexit would take a toll on economic growth, living standards, public services and even property prices. International institutions such as the International Monetary Fund, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and the World Bank, along with government leaders around the world, have chimed in with statements that Britain would be worse off outside the EU.
It is still unclear how far such arguments will sway the undecided voters who will determine that outcome of the referendum, in the face of Leave’s focus on the more emotive issue of curbing immigration. It is also indicative of the difficulty of arguing a positive case for staying in the EU that so few in the Remain campaign try very hard to make it. Furthermore, Remain needs to overcome wider public disaffection with and mistrust of, not just EU institutions, but establishment politics at national level as well.
A similar popular mood is spreading across much of the rest of Europe. A UK vote for Brexit would strengthen the growing populist and nationalist forces in the EU that want their countries to leave it and even to dismantle the European Project altogether. What makes that challenge so powerful is that Europe’s leaders, under rising pressure from insurgent parties at home, have few ideas about how to respond to them. There are fundamental problems at the heart of the European Project. But there is a serious shortage of realistic solutions, still less a political consensus on what they should be.
- European Drug Report 2016 — 02 June 2016, 00:43 CET
The health risks of high-potency products, the continued emergence of new substances, and changing patterns of drug use are among the issues highlighted in the European Drug Report 2016: Trends and Developments. The report also examines concern over rises in overdose deaths in some countries and the threats posed by internet drug markets.
- Eurofound yearbook 2015: Living and working in Europe — 01 June 2016, 23:21 CET
Eurofound celebrated the 40th anniversary of its founding in 2015. In 1975, the then European Community set up the Agency, charging it with the task of contributing to the planning and design of better living and working conditions in Europe. The social policy agenda and priorities may have changed over those 40 years, but Eurofound’s mission throughout has been constant: to support policymakers to develop the best solutions to the social- and work-related challenges faced by the European Union. This celebratory year for Eurofound proved to be another year of upheaval for Europe, with the surge of refugees in unprecedented numbers widening the political fractures opened by the economic crisis. Yet the need to address disparities, to improve social cohesion, and to regain the path to social and economic convergence has not receded, and it is here that Eurofound makes its presence felt.
- European Ombudsman Annual Report 2015 — 31 May 2016, 10:42 CET
Chapter 1 - 2015 at a glance
Chapter 2 - Key topics
2.2 Transparency in EU decision-making
2.3 Lobbying transparency
2.4 Ethical issues
2.5 Fundamental rights
2.6 EU competition policy
2.7 Public participation in EU decision-making
2.8 EU agencies
Chapter 3 - 20th Anniversary of the Ombudsman’s office
Chapter 4 - Relations with EU institutions
4.1 European Parliament
4.2 Committee on Petitions
4.3 European Commission
4.4 Other EU institutions and agencies
4.5 UN Disability Rights Convention
Chapter 5 - European Network of Ombudsmen
Chapter 6 - Resources
6.2 Use of resources
6.3 Team behind the Ombudsman
Chapter 7 - Type and source of complaints
Chapter 8 - Against whom?
Chapter 9 - About what?
Chapter 10 - Results achieved
Chapter 11 - How we handle cases
Improved case-handling procedures
Chapter 12 - Compliance with the Ombudsman’s proposals
- European bathing water quality in 2015 — 26 May 2016, 00:34 CET
Every summer, European holiday resorts fill up with tourists eager to enjoy the warmer weather and the beautiful natural surroundings of this diverse continent. For many, the summer vacation is synonymous with swimming in the sea or in a lake, so it is natural that water quality is an important factor in choosing a destination. To help citizens make informed choices, the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Commission publish the annual European bathing water quality report. The information contained in this edition - which covers bathing water quality in 2015 in the EU Member States, Albania and Switzerland - indicates where good quality bathing water is likely to be found in 2016.
- 2015 Report on the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights — 19 May 2016, 18:19 CET
The European Commission has published its Report on the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in 2015. The report gives an overview of how fundamental rights have been applied across a range of EU policies and in Member States. The report notes that in 2015 a number of legislative projects that promote fundamental rights have been brought forward, including amongst others the Data Protection reform package, the Directive on special safeguards for children in criminal proceedings or the Victims' Rights Directive. It explains how the European Commission has taken into account the Charter in its legislative and policy work in 2015, such as the measures put forward to better manage migration at EU level (European Agenda on Migration) or to reinforce security (European Agenda on Security). Finally, it provides examples of how the Charter was applied by the European Court of Justice and presents the main developments of the case law.
- Regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking of labour — 04 May 2016, 23:43 CET
The right to free movement for workers within the European Union was enshrined in Article 48 of the EEC Treaty in 1957. Nowadays, private labour market intermediaries – such as temporary work agencies and employment placement agencies – contribute to facilitating this labour mobility in their role as mediator between individual workers and organisations in need of labour. However, due to loopholes in regulation, some workers and vulnerable groups run the risk of being exploited by fraudulent agencies. This report examines how public authorities are currently regulating labour market intermediaries across Member States, highlighting the effectiveness or otherwise of different registration or licensing schemes. It also examines activities by social partners aimed at preventing the trafficking of labour. The overall aim is to contribute to the development of a best practice guide for public authorities to encourage better monitoring and enforcement of regulations deterring trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitation.
- Access to justice for victims of hate crimes: the views of practitioners — 28 April 2016, 21:57 CET
Hate crime is the most severe expression of discrimination, and a core fundamental rights abuse. Various initiatives target such crime, but most hate crime across the EU remains unreported and unprosecuted, leaving victims without redress. To counter this trend, it is essential for Member States to improve access to justice for victims. Drawing on interviews with representatives from criminal courts, public prosecutors’ offices, the police, and NGOs involved in supporting hate crime victims, this report sheds light on the diverse hurdles that impede victims’ access to justice and the proper recording of hate crime.
- The Ultimate EU Career Development Book — 26 April 2016, 22:35 CET
As co-author of 'The Ultimate EU Test Book - Assessment Centre Edition', I wanted to create a book which would be of value to those who are already working for the EU and wish to develop their EU "core competencies" - for greater job satisfaction, better performance and career success. 'The Ultimate EU Career Development Book' is that book and it is now available. In addition, a specially created FREE ONLINE TOOLKIT accompanying the book allows users to carry out a self-assessment for their competencies easily online, automatically generating a personal competency passport and priorities for action. You can even, if you wish, get anonymised 360-degree feedback from family, friends and colleagues so you can compare your self-assessment with other people’s evaluation of you! Using the book and free online toolkit in conjunction provides a complete package for understanding the competencies and your personal strengths and weaknesses, and planning your personal development needs. It can be used for private self-development and as a basis for training and team building - Jan De Sutter
- Start-up support for young people in the EU: From implementation to evaluation — 26 April 2016, 18:47 CET
Against a background of high youth unemployment, policymakers are paying more attention to encouraging young people to start their own businesses as a means of easing their entry into the labour market. As part of the Youth Guarantee, launched in 2013, several Member States have introduced start-up support measures for young job-seekers. However, these measures vary considerably in terms of their content, delivery and aims. This report provides an overview of the current start-up support measures targeted at young people, as well as other more general measures that have relevance for them. It also reviews evaluations of the impact of selected start-up support measures. In doing so, it highlights some of the key methodological issues and limitations of the evaluation exercise.
- EU Drug Markets Report 2016 - EMCDDA — 05 April 2016, 19:23 CET
The 2016 EU Drug Markets Report provides a unique insight into the operation of illicit drug markets in the EU. The report assesses the impact of the drug market on society and the factors driving it. It explores the market for cannabis, heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, MDMA and new psychoactive substances. Understanding these hidden markets, and the actors involved, is essential to making sound policy decisions with lasting impact. The report combines the analytical power of the EMCDDA’s drug monitoring system with Europol’s operational intelligence on trends in organised crime.
- EU external migration spending in Southern Mediterranean and Eastern Neighbourhood countries until 2014 - ECA Special Report No 9/2016 — 17 March 2016, 20:13 CET
This report deals with the two main financing instruments (TPMA and ENPI) of the external dimension of the EU's common migration policy which aims to provide effective management of migration flows in partnership with countries of origin and transit. This report examines whether the spending of both instruments had clear objectives and whether it had been effective and well-coordinated. We found that overall, the instruments provided no clear strategy by which to identify their contribution to objectives and thus it is unclear what they intend to achieve at EU level. It was often difficult to measure the results achieved by EU spending and the contribution of migration to development was difficult to assess. The policy is characterised by complex governance, insufficient coordination and the absence of a funding overview that specified who finances what between the European Commission and EU Member States.
- Assessing illicit drugs in wastewater: advances in wastewater-based drug epidemiology — 15 March 2016, 22:49 CET
Assessing illicit drugs in wastewater: advances in wastewater-based drug epidemiology reviews a new approach to estimating drug use in populations, based on the detection and quantification of drugs and their metabolic products in community wastewater. Strengths of the wastewater-based approach include avoiding the problems associated with questionnaire-based research, better identification of the drugs being used and being able to provide near-real-time results, with the power to identify trends in drug use patterns, over time and geographically. Novel uses of the approach are explored, such as the early detection of new psychoactive substances on the drug market. The report also looks at the limitations to the approach and how these can be overcome for this new tool to take its place in the drug epidemiologist’s toolkit.
- The Beauty of Public Procurement in TTIP — 01 March 2016, 17:35 CET
The TTIP negotiation is taking another leap of faith as it delves into the question of public procurement this week. The topic is inarguably a thorny issue where market access gets linked to "sub-central" levels of decision-making (State or even Municipality "independent" choices), national security and jobs policy. Yet the U.S. procurement market is, by any means, sizeable, and the EU has made it a pivotal objective to open up procurement at sub-central levels, enabling EU companies to bid for State level tenders. Dealing with these issues requires thus an honest assessment of the situation, present and future. It raises two matters to be discussed: A reality-check on the real openness of the two negotiating partners and a better view of the broader situation in the future.
- Working time developments in the 21st century: Work duration and its regulation in the EU — 01 March 2016, 17:30 CET
This report examines the main trends and milestones characterising the evolution of the most important aspects of collectively agreed working time in the European Union during the first decade of the 21st century. Drawing primarily on information collected by Eurofound across all EU Member States and Norway, it focuses in particular on five sectors: chemicals, metalworking, banking, retail and public administration. The report describes the institutional regimes of regulation and assesses the evolution of agreed working hours (hours expected to be spent on work according to collective agreements or agreed between employers and employees) and usual working hours (hours usually spent in practice in work activities) between 1999 and 2014. The report points to the tension that exists between the pressure for decreased working hours in favour of a better work–life balance and fewer health problems for workers and the need for working time flexibility to meet the demands of a modern world economy.
- Recent developments in temporary employment: Employment growth, wages and transitions — 24 February 2016, 23:55 CET
Temporary employment has increased since the 1980s in most European countries as a result of demands for greater flexibility in labour markets and subsequent reforms of employment protection legislation. This report presents a broad picture of temporary employment across the EU27 between 2001 and 2012 based on Eurostat data. It maps the recent evolution of temporary employment, before and after the economic crisis. It calculates the wage gap between temporary and permanent employees and also analyses the wage gap within companies. The report also identifies the main determinants of temporary employment in terms of personal, company and job characteristics and examines the most relevant labour market transitions for temporary employees. The study finds evidence of segmentation in a number of European labour markets, whereby temporary employees have poor pay and labour market prospects, while permanent employees enjoy high levels of job security and opportunities for career progression.
Contained Smart Folders:
- Libcast’s Online Video Platform in the limelight at BETT 2015 — 28 January 2015, 16:17 CET
Libcast of France will be showcasing its Online Video Platform at BETT 2015 in London, in January. The specialist company’s innovative and versatile solution enables users to host, manage and broadcast lectures live or in streaming mode. With 200,000 users, Libcast’s technology has already been chosen by many universities and schools, including leading colleges in France and Norway.