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12 December 2013, 23:53 CET offers a selection of publications on the European Union, EU legislation and European affairs. Get listed! Listing costs GBP 125 for an entry on this page. Phone +44 (0)20 7193 7242 or email

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Matching Economic Migration with Labour Market Needs 18 September 2014, 13:48 CET
This publication gathers the papers presented at the "OECD-EU dialogue on mobility and international migration: matching economic migration with labour market needs" (Brussels, 24-25 February 2014), a conference jointly organised by the European Commission and the OECD. It provides new evidence on the role that international migration has played in Europe and in selected other OECD countries over the past decade in terms of labour force; educational attainment; and occupational changes. It analyses the availability and use of migrants’ skills based on an in-depth literature review as well as new data analyses for Europe and the United States, Canada and the OECD as a whole, taking advantage of the International Survey of Adult Skills – PIAAC. Finally, several chapters discuss the potential role of international migration in meeting current and future labour market needs in Europe, in the United States and in the European Union. This work shows that although migration can make an important contribution to labour force growth, its role in counterbalancing the effects of population ageing will depend on the capacity of countries to match labour needs to migrants’ characteristics.

FET Flagships: A novel partnering approach to address grand scientific challenges to boost innovation in Europe 16 September 2014, 13:43 CET
The European Commission has published a report on its ambitious science and technology Flagships. The report draws the lessons from setting up the first two such Flagships, Graphene and the Human Brain Project, each representing an investment of EUR 1 billion.

European Competitiveness Report 2014 - Helping Firms Grow 11 September 2014, 22:59 CET
The 2014 edition focuses on the growth of firms, in particular on certain growth-enhancing measures and framework conditions affecting EU firms. These include the availability of different forms of funding – especially important if small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are to expand – as well as the importance of having an efficient and modern public administration in place. Other chapters examine how innovation and its impact on the growth of firms vary over the business cycle, and the extent to which SMEs are active outside their home markets; the forms of their international presence; the impact and drivers of SME internationalisation, and what can be done to increase their presence abroad. This year's edition also contains a chapter on energy costs and energy efficiency, including an assessment of the importance of energy costs in relation to other costs, across manufacturing in general as well as for energy-intensive industries. The European Competitiveness Report, published annually since 1997, gives a quantitative assessment of the competitive performance of EU industries.

Has the ERDF successfully supported the development of business incubators? - Special Report 04 September 2014, 21:18 CET
In recent years, the EU has co-financed business incubator projects in the context of its cohesion policy with the support of the European Regional Development Fund. This is in line with the EU's political priorities, especially in view of the Lisbon and Europe 2020 strategies of supporting the launch and development of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), as they play an important role in the creation of growth and jobs. In this report, the European Court of Auditors assesses whether these business incubator projects were successful in supporting start-up SMEs.

Sixth Report on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion 23 July 2014, 22:32 CET
The European Commission's 6th Report on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion shows that EU Cohesion Policy is delivering on the growth goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy by creating jobs and reducing disparities across Europe. Looking ahead to 2014-2020, the report outlines how investments will be focused on key areas like energy efficiency, employment, social inclusion and SMEs to get the most of the investments to the benefit of citizens. The Report analyses the state of cohesion of the Union and highlights the challenges faced by national, regional and local authorities in overcoming the impact of the financial and economic crisis. In particular it finds that Cohesion Policy has cushioned the dramatic decline of public investment, injecting much needed investment resources in many Member States and creating vital financial stability which serves to attract private investment. EU Cohesion Policy investments from 2014-2020 will make more than €38 billion available to support the shift to a more environmentally-friendly economy, through investments for energy efficiency and renewables, while up to €33 billion will support Europe's SMEs to become more competitive.

Mapping of National School Food Policies across the EU 16 July 2014, 23:17 CET
With childhood obesity prevalence on the rise in many European countries, schools may serve as a protected environment for children to learn healthy diet and lifestyle habits. Policy makers, educators and researchers would benefit from a comprehensive overview of European school food policies. Mandatory standards are defined in 18 of the policies (53%), the remainder offering voluntary guidelines. Top 3 policy aims are to improve child nutrition (97%), teach healthy dietary/lifestyle habits (94%) and reduce/prevent obesity (88%). Variations mainly relate to the types of meals targeted (e.g. lunch, breakfast, snack, dinner); whether standards/recommendations are nutrient- and/or food-based; and if vending machines and the wider food environment (kiosks near schools, packed lunches from home, etc.) are considered. Conclusion: We provide an up-to-date overview of European school food policies. The next step will be to assess the need and feasibility for developing best practice guidelines for school food policies in Europe, bearing in mind cultural and structural differences between countries.

A Casebook on European Consumer Law 16 July 2014, 23:08 CET
European consumer law has become a vital part of both legal education and practice. This casebook details the most fundamental judgments of the Court of Justice on consumer law to date and their effect on national legal systems. It contains twenty leading European cases and is then followed by concise analyses of the effect of these decisions on some of the national legal systems of the Member States, and how national legislatures and national courts have reacted to this ever burgeoning area of European law. The focus of the book is private law, including consumer contracts, advertisement law, European product liability and consumer dispute resolutions.

Eurofound yearbook 2013: Living and working in Europe 14 July 2014, 13:53 CET
Eurofound’s fifth annual yearbook, Living and working in Europe, based on the Agency’s research from 2013, describes developments in the EU in the wake of the crisis, focusing on major topic areas including changes in labour markets and employment, efforts to tackle youth unemployment, innovation in workplaces and public trust in institutions. The yearbook is accompanied by the Annual activity report of the Authorising Officer 2013, which is the Agency’s formal reporting on operations, staff and budgets.

Drug use, impaired driving and traffic accidents (second edition) 25 June 2014, 16:40 CET
The literature review from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction provides a comprehensive report on the relationship between drug use, impaired driving and traffic accidents. It describes methodological issues, presents the results of prevalence surveys among drivers, provides an overview of findings from major international epidemiological surveys, and gathers evidence from experimental and field studies of the relationship between drug use, driving impairment and traffic accidents.

Europe's Crisis, Europe's Future (Kindle Edition) 18 June 2014, 13:47 CET
The eurozone crisis started in Greece in 2009–10, spread into Ireland and Portugal, and, from there, quickly spread to the larger economies of Spain and Italy. By the autumn of 2011, it threatened the entire global financial system. In Europe's Crisis, Europe's Future, an international group of economic analysts provides an insightful view of the crisis. How did mismanagement of a crisis in a marginal economy spark such a wildfire? After all, Greece is responsible for only 2% of the eurozone's total GDP, yet the crisis in Athens threatened to grow into a worldwide contagion.

The Euro Crisis and Its Aftermath 18 June 2014, 13:39 CET
The Euro Crisis and Its Aftermath was written to inform readers about the history of this enduring European crisis and the alternative proposals for ending it. In four parts, Jean Pisani-Ferry explains the origins of the European currency, the build-up of imbalances and oversights that led to the crisis, the choices European policymakers have both addressed and ignored since 2010, and the evolution of the policy agenda and possible options for the future. The book is as much of an informative and analytical history as it is a prescriptive solution for a more prosperous future world economy.

Taxation trends in the European Union - Data for the EU Member States, Iceland and Norway 16 June 2014, 13:13 CET
The 2014 edition of Taxation Trends in the European Union is the eighth issue of the report in its current form. The objective of the report remains unchanged: to present a complete view of the structure, level and trends of taxation in the Union over a medium- to long-term period. This year, The overall tax-to-GDP ratio, meaning the sum of taxes and compulsory social contributions in % of GDP, in the EU28 stood at 39.4% in 2012, up from 38.8% in 2011. The overall tax ratio in the euro area increased to 40.4% in 2012 from 39.5% in 2011.

China: Business Confidence Survey 2014 29 May 2014, 10:01 CET
Business conditions in China are getting tougher and this has led to a further weakening of the financial performance of European companies in the domestic marketplace. A new sober reality is developing, exemplified by a sense of pessimism that is becoming entrenched within the European business community in China, as persistent market challenges show little sign of abating. The key market dynamics contributing to these results include: A general slowdown of the Chinese economy; Increasing labour costs; Competition from both privately-owned Chinese companies and resurgent state-owned enterprises (SOEs).

EEA report - European bathing water quality in 2013 27 May 2014, 16:19 CET
To allow Europeans to make an informed choice on which beach to choose, an annual report on the quality of coastal and freshwater bathing areas, as reported by EU Member States is prepared. This year the report has been prepared by the European Environment Agency (EEA) in cooperation with the European Commission DG Environment. The report assesses the bathing water quality in all 28 EU Member States, as well as Albania and Switzerland in the 2013 bathing water season and thereby gives an indication of the areas where the quality of bathing is expected to be good this year.

European Drug Report 2014: Trends and developments 27 May 2014, 11:23 CET
Europe's drugs problem is becoming increasingly complex with new challenges emerging that raise concerns for public health. This is according to the European Drug Report 2014: Trends and developments from the EU drugs agency (EMCDDA) in Lisbon. In its annual review of the drugs problem, the agency again describes an overall stable situation, with some positive signs in relation to the more established drugs. But this is counter-balanced by new threats posed by synthetic drugs, including stimulants, new psychoactive substances and medicinal products, all of which are becoming more prominent in a changing European drug market.

The green benefits of Britain's EU membership 08 May 2014, 22:48 CET
European rules have delivered cleaner air and water in Britain, and protected wildlife. Outside the EU, Britain would again be 'the dirty man of Europe'. CER has now published my paper on the green benefits of Britain being in the EU.

Report on Competition Policy 2013 08 May 2014, 11:29 CET
The Report on Competition policy, published annually, provides detailed information on the most important policy and legislative initiatives, and on decisions adopted by the European Commission in application of EU competition law during the previous year. The report is composed of two documents: a Communication from the Commission (available in 23 languages from 2013 on) and the Commission Staff Working paper describing the developments in more detail (available in English, French and German).

Mapping the European ICT Poles of Excellence: The Atlas of ICT Activity in Europe 15 April 2014, 15:54 CET
The EIPE Atlas presents the results of the empirical mapping of ICT activity in Europe and the ranking of the top European NUTS 3 regions based on their performance in EIPE Composite Indicator (EIPE CI), together with the ranks for the individual 42 indicators which contributed to the building of the EIPE composite indicators. The report offers a snapshot of the performance of regions that are identified as the main locations of ICT activity in Europe. It is meant to provide a comprehensive picture of how ICT activity is distributed across Europe and where its main locations are. This information is expected to give a better overview of the European ICT landscape, activity and actors in each location and to reveal their strengths and weaknesses.

Green Paper on mobile health ("mHealth") 10 April 2014, 23:03 CET
The objective of this Green Paper, announced in the eHealth Action Plan 2012-2020, is to launch a broad stakeholder consultation on existing barriers and issues related to mHealth deployment and help identify the right way forward to unlock the mHealth potential. Mobile health (hereafter "mHealth") covers "medical and public health practice supported by mobile devices, such as mobile phones, patient monitoring devices, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and other wireless devices". The consultation will be open from 10 April until 3 July 2014 12:00h.

Mapping the Cost of Non-Europe, 2014 - 2019 27 March 2014, 22:32 CET
Europe's economy could be boosted by €800 billion – equivalent to 6% of current GDP – if more action is undertaken at EU level, according to a study by the European Parliament. Creating a digital single market alone would generate an additional €260 billion, more than Denmark's estimated GDP for 2014. The study looked at the cumulative efficiency gains of a series of policy actions at the European level to help set priorities for how the EU should invest its money the coming five years.

Facts and figures on organic agriculture in the European Union 26 March 2014, 00:17 CET
The organic sector in the EU has been rapidly developing during the past years. According to Eurostat data, the EU-27 had in 2011 a total area of 9.6 million hectares cultivated as organic, up from 5.7 million in 2002. During the last decade, organic area in the EU improved by about 500 000 hectares per year. This is a big increase, but the whole organic area represents only 5.4% of total utilised agricultural area in Europe. The organic area is cultivated by more than 186 000 farms across Europe.

3rd report on card fraud - ECB 25 February 2014, 13:06 CET
Card fraud within the Single Euro Payments Area (SEPA) increased in 2012 for the first time since 2008, driven mainly by higher internet fraud. The third report on card fraud, published today by the European Central Bank (ECB), finds that more efforts will be required to ensure the security of online card payments as internet purchases continue to grow. At the same time, fraud as a share of the total value of transactions remained below the levels recorded between 2008 and 2010. This oversight report on card fraud analyses developments in fraud related to card payment schemes (CPSs) in the SEPA and covers almost the entire card market.

EU Industrial Structure Report 2013: Competing in Global Value Chains 17 February 2014, 21:45 CET
The EU Industrial Structure Report 2013 analyses the performance of EU industrial and service sectors in terms of productivity and its underlying drivers, the resultant changes to industrial and export specialization, comparative advantages at EU and national level, and the position of the EU in increasingly global value chains. This edition also looks at the impact of the crisis and the difficult recovery on long-term structural trends.

e-Communications Household Survey and Telecom Single Market Survey Roaming Results (Special Eurobarometer 414) 17 February 2014, 11:43 CET
94% of Europeans who travel outside their home country limit their use of services like Facebook, because of mobile roaming charges, according to a new survey of 28,000 EU citizens. The European Commission calculates that telecoms companies are missing out on a market of around 300 million phone users because of current pricing strategies, with negative effects for other businesses such as app makers. Results per country

Sizing the EU app economy 13 February 2014, 17:23 CET
This report focuses on sizing and qualifying the EU app ecosystem, with an eye toward revenue generation, jobs supported, and the bottlenecks still facing EU app developers.

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